Voiced dental implosive

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IPA mark ɗ
IPA number 162
IPA character description Latin lower case d with hook
Unicode U + 0257
HTML (dec.) & # 599;
Kirshenbaum d`

The voiced dental implosive is a voiced , with the tongue and teeth ( dental spoken) plosive , which (with inwardly directed air flow implosive is spoken). He is the equivalent of the implosive [⁠ d ⁠] . Its symbol in the IPA phonetic transcription is [ɗ] .


It occurs in several African languages, e.g. B. Hausa and Bantu languages such as Swahili and Chishona . The "European" d , which occurs here by no means only in European loanwords, is written as d ' in Hausa and as dh in Chishona


The negative pressure required for implosion is created by starting the articulation with the larynx closed.

Articulation aid:

First hum the corresponding nasal sound: "nnn"
Then insert the larynx closure ("bə ' ˀ aʁbaitən") that is usual for the German vowel sound : "nˀnˀn"
Then add a vowel: "ˀna:"
Then replace the nasal sound with the plosive sound: "ˀda:"
Now you can avoid exhaling and come to the "ɗa:"
Non-pulmonary consonants bilabial labio-
dental alveolar alveolar-lateral alveolo-
retroflex palatal velar uvular
Clicks ʘ ǀ ǃ ǁ ǂ ǃ˞
Implosive ɓ ɗ ʄ ɠ ʛ
Ejectives Ejective plosives t̪ʼ ʈʼ k '
Ejective fricatives ɸʼ θʼ ɬʼ ɕʼ ʃʼ ʂʼ çʼ χʼ
Ejective Affricates t͡θʼ t͡sʼ t͡ɬʼ t͡ɕʼ t͡ʃʼ ʈ͡ʂʼ c͡çʼ k͡xʼ q͡χʼ