|Right ascension||14 h 17 m 48 s to 16 h 08 m 37 s|
|declination||−55 ° 34 ′ 48 ″ to −29 ° 50 ′ 16 ″|
|Completely visible||34.7 ° N to 90 ° S|
|Observation time for Central Europe||not visible|
|Number of stars brighter than 3 mag||3|
|Brightest star (size)||Alpha Lupi (2.30)|
clockwise from north )
The wolf lies between the distinctive constellations Scorpio and Centaur . Three of its stars are brighter than the 3rd magnitude . The Milky Way runs through the southern part , so it contains a number of foggy objects. Because of its southern location, only the northern part of the wolf can be seen from southern Europe and southern central Europe.
The wolf is one of the classic 48 constellations of antiquity described by Ptolemy . It was completely visible from southern Europe 2,000 years ago. As a result of the precessional movement of the earth's axis, its position has shifted south over time.
The Sumerians , Assyrians and Babylonians also called the constellation wolf ( Sumerian UR.DIM) and was considered to be the embodiment of the god Kusu , who in turn was counted among the 12 celestial objects of Enki .
The ancient Greeks called him Θηρίον Thēríon (an unspecified raging animal). The centaur sacrificed the animal on an altar.
|B.||F.||Names or other designations||size||Lj||Spectral class|
|α||Men , Kakkab||2.30 m||500||B1 III|
|β||2.68 m||500||B2 IV|
|γ||2.80 m||400||B2 IV|
|δ||3.22 m||600||B2 IV|
|ε||3.37 m||400||B3 IV|
|ζ||3.41 m||120||G8 + F8|
|η||3.42 m||600||B2 IV|
|ι||3.55 m||400||B3 IV|
|φ 1||3.57 m||200||K5 III|
|κ||3.7 m||200||B9 + A2|
|π||3.91 m||400||B5 + B5|
|μ||4.27 m||251||B8 + B8 + A0 + F5|
|τ 2||4.33 m|
|φ 2||4.54 m|
|d||4.55 m||800||B3 + B8|
|τ 1||4.56 m|
|ψ 1||3||4.66 m|
|ψ 2||4th||4.75 m|
|ν 1||4.99 m|
|ξ 1||4th||5.14 m|
|ξ 2||5.59 m|
|ν 2||5.65 m|
|ζ||3.41 / 6.7 m||71 "|
|η||3.42 / 7.8 m||15 "|
|κ||3.88 / 5.7 m||27 "|
|ξ||5.2 / 5.6 m||10.7 "|
|π||4.6 / 4.7 m||1.6 "|
|μ||5.0 / 5.1 / 7.2 / 7.1 m||1.0 / 23.6 / 242 "|
κ Lupi is a binary star system 200 light years away. The two components belong to the spectral classes B9 and A2. Due to the angular distance of 27 arc seconds , they can be resolved into single stars even with a smaller telescope .
The ξ Lupi system is 250 light years away. It consists of two whitish shining stars of the spectral classes A0 and A2.
|α||2.30 ± 0.03 m||6.23 hours||Beta Cephei star|
|EX||8 m to 14 m||T-tauri star|
α Lupi, the brightest star in the wolf, is a star of spectral class B1 III, 548 light years away . It has 10 times the mass and 10 times the diameter of our sun . Its brightness changes over a period of 6 hours and 14 minutes by the small amount of 0.03 size classes. It is a variable star of the Beta-Cephei type .
|5749||8.8 m||Open star cluster|
|5822||6.5 m||Open star cluster|
|5824||9.0 m||Globular clusters|
|5882||10.5 m||Planetary nebula|
|5927||8.0 m||Globular clusters|
|5986||7.1 m||Globular clusters|
NGC 5822 is about 2500 light years away and consists of about 100 stars. With a diameter of 40 arc minutes , it takes up a larger area in the sky than the full moon. In the prism binoculars it appears as an extended foggy spot.
NGC 5986 is approximately 35,000 light years away. With a telescope with an opening of 15 cm or more, the edge area can be broken down into individual stars.
The Retinal Nebula is a planetary nebula 1900 light years away.