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Basic data
State : North Rhine-Westphalia
Administrative region : Arnsberg administrative district
County : District of Olpe
Municipality : Kirchhundem
Height : 370 m above sea level NHN
Residents : 739 (December 31, 2013)

Albaum is a village in the center of the municipality of Kirchhundem on the Albaumer Bach flowing to the Hundem . As of December 31, 2013, the place had 739 inhabitants.


The village of Albaum belongs to the municipality of Kirchhundem (Krs. Olpe) and is located in a valley running in a south-north direction, which is drained by the so-called Albaumer Bach to Hundem . The Albaumer Bach bears its name since the confluence of the Aabach or Heinsberger Bach coming from Heinsberg and the Lütken Aa, which rises on the north side of the Albaumer Höhe on the border with the Siegerland and flows through the Albaumer Grund . The place is framed by the 616 m high mountain Stüvelhagen in the west and the elevations Dastein (510 m) and Lichtenhardt (607 m) in the east, which belong to the foothills of the Rothaar Mountains . The Albaumer cliffs , which stretch above the village from the valley floodplain in an easterly direction to the Lichtenhardt, represent an interesting rock formation that has been designated a nature reserve . It is a group of silicate rock formations several hundred meters long with crevice vegetation that is worth protecting. One of the rocks can be climbed and a small viewing platform offers a view of the village. On the northern slope of the Stüvelhagen there is also the Krähenpfuhl nature reserve, a large-scale juniper heather with juniper stands on partially moored dwarf shrub heaths , which is surrounded by interspersed or accompanying birch bog forests, alder swamp and softwood alluvial forests .


Albaum was first mentioned in a document in 1313, namely in the inventory of the Count Wilhelm and Gottfried IV of Arnsberg. The place name appears in different spelling variants over the centuries: 1313 Altbom, 1318 Alt Bom, 1402 Ailboem, 1454 Aelbom, 1536 Ailbaum. The distinction between the villages of Niederalbaum and Oberalbaum has been traceable since the 15th century; however, it has not officially been used since the mid-1950s.

In the Middle Ages, Nieder- and Oberalbaum belonged to the rule of Bilstein , which was incorporated into the Electoral Cologne Duchy of Westphalia in 1445 . The rule of the Electorate of Cologne ended in 1802/03 when the Duchy came to the Grand Duchy of Hesse-Darmstadt as a result of the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss . The territory became Prussian as early as 1816, and since 1946 it has belonged to the state of North Rhine-Westphalia . In 1843/44 the Albaum-Orte with the political community of Kirchhundem became part of the newly formed Kirchhundem Office, which lasted until 1969. Since then, Albaum has been part of the Kirchhundem community as a district.

The building of the Catholic Sacred Heart Church, consecrated in 1906, is likely to have been an important trigger for the growing together of the two villages. The building is now registered as a monument in the monuments list of the municipality of Kirchhundem. The two old village chapels from the 17th century were demolished after the church was rebuilt. Organizationally, the two Albaum locations belonged to the Catholic parish of St. Peter and Paul in Kirchhundem, which had existed since the Middle Ages. In 1901 the Parish Vicarie Albaum was founded. The two places had already received their own pastor in 1898 and were now separated from the parish of Kirchhundem. The post has not been filled since Father Buchta's death in February 1980. Today Albaum is in the pastoral network with the parishes of Kirchhundem, Heinsberg and Oberhundem.

While Albaum is now off the major highways, this was different in the Middle Ages and in the early modern period. The Kriegerweg , a historic trunk road from Siegen to Paderborn, ran across the Stüvelhagen in a south-north direction . It is possible that there was also an east-west connection that led from the Frankenberg / Berleburg area over the Rüspe to Olpe and on to Cologne. The rail traffic from Birkelbach to Altenhundem , which connected Albaum with the Ruhr-Sieg route since 1914 - the place received a train station here - was not resumed after several bridges were blown at the end of the Second World War.

A school already existed in Niederalbaum in 1739. Because of the low teacher salary, the residents were obliged to feed the teacher one after the other. In 1908 a new school building was built next to the Catholic Church. When the school closed on June 12, 1969, the village's 230-year school history was over. Today the place belongs to the districts of the Catholic elementary school St. Katharina in Kirchhundem-Heinsberg and the community elementary school in Kirchhundem-Würdinghausen. The secondary school in Kirchhundem, the secondary school in Lennestadt-Meggen as well as the municipal grammar school and the private grammar school Maria-Königin in Lennestadt-Altenhundem can be attended at secondary schools.

Albaum became known as the birthplace of the district leader of the NSDAP in the Olpe district and a member of the Reichstag, Wilhelm Fischer , during the time of National Socialism . The district leader was instrumental in ensuring that an outdoor pool was built between Nieder- and Oberalbaum, which was inaugurated in 1937. This is the system that is used by ASV Forelle Albaum today as a fish pond.

At the end of the Nazi regime and the Second World War, Albaum had 31 fallen soldiers and 11 missing.

In October 2011, the artist Gunter Demnig set three stumbling blocks for victims of the Third Reich's euthanasia program in Albaum .

Sacred Heart Church

Herz-Jesu-Kirche Albaum

On a hill above the village of Nieder-Albaum is the Sacred Heart Church, built in 1905/06, which was built from rubble stones in the neo-Romanesque style. The two previous chapels, one in Niederalbaum, was St. Catherine, the one in Oberalbaum was consecrated to St. Vincent. Both were demolished in 1906 and 1907 after the new church was built.

Economy and Infrastructure

Fishery Ecology Department of the LANUV NRW

In the past, albaum was mainly characterized by agriculture and forestry. Today companies from the field of electrical engineering and metal processing as well as forest nurseries dominate the economic life of the place. The State Office for Nature, Environment and Consumer Protection in North Rhine-Westphalia also offers a large number of jobs .


  • State Institute for Ecology, Land Management and Forests North Rhine-Westphalia (LÖBF): Albaum - Fisheries and Aquatic Ecology - a 75-year partnership. 2006.
  • Landesanstalt für Fischerei Nordrhein-Westfalen 1931 - 1981. Edited by the Minister for Food, Agriculture and Forests of the State of North Rhine-Westphalia. OOuJ (1981)
  • Faith-custom-home. Schützenverein Albaum eV 1908 - 1983. Festival book for the anniversary "75 years Schützenverein Albaum eV" Albaum 1983.
  • Faith-custom-home. Schützenverein Albaum eV 1908 - 1998. Festbuch II for the 90th anniversary of the Schützenverein Albaum eV Extended edition from 1983 - 1998. Albaum 1998.
  • Rolf Wilms u. a .: The Albaum Church through the ages. Parish Herz Jesu Albaum. Chronological tables on church and history. Albaum 2010.
  • Gerhard Fischer u. a .: The fallen and missing soldiers of the two world wars from Albaum, Böminghausen and Böminghauserwerk. Albaum 2010.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Kirchhundem parish: Places , accessed on January 13, 2015
  2. Hiking map 1: 25000 Lennestadt-Kirchhundem in the Rothaargebirge, Ebbegebirge and Homert nature parks. Edited by the State Surveying Office of North Rhine-Westphalia on the basis of the official topographic map 1: 25,000. 2nd edition 1998.
  3. JS Seibertz: Document book on the state and legal history of the Duchy of Westphalia. 3 vols. Arnsberg 1839 - 1854. Document 556
  4. Faith-Custom-Home. Schützenverein Albaum 1908 - 1998. Festival book for the 90th anniversary of Schützenverein Albaum eV Extended edition from 1983. Albaum 1998. p. 23.
  5. ^ Günther Becker and Martin Vormberg: Kirchhundem - history of the office and the community. Kirchhundem 1994.
  6. List of monuments of the Kirchhundem community.
  7. Rolf Wilms u. a .: Church congregation Herz Jesu Albaum. Chronological tables on church and history. Albaum 2010
  8. Martin Vormberg: Street and pilgrim cartridge in the Olpe district. In the footsteps of Saints James, Jodokus, Martinus, Matthias and Nikolaus . In: Heimatstimmen from the Olpe district 2/2003 , episode 211. P. 119 ff.
  9. ^ Martin Vormberg: The Ruhr-Sieg Railway. A pioneering act of Westphalian traffic development with special consideration of the Olpe district. In: The railway in the Sauerland. Edited by the Schmallenberg-Holthausen Slate Mining and Local History Museum. Schmallenberg-Holthausen 1989. p. 41 ff.
  10. cf. Faith-custom-home. Schützenverein Albaum 1908 - 1998. Festival book for the anniversary 90 years Schützenverein Albaum eV Extended edition from 1983. Albaum 1998, p. 25
  11. Westfalenpost, home part of the Olpe district, October 3, 2011
  12. a b cf. Wilms: Parish Herz Jesu Albaum. Chronological tables on church and history. Albaum 2010, p. 40.

Coordinates: 51 ° 4 ′  N , 8 ° 7 ′  E