Albert II (Bremen)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Albert II from the house of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel (* around 1359/60; † April 14, 1395 in Bremervörde ) was Archbishop of Bremen .


In the genealogies of the House of Braunschweig he was called Albrecht. He was the son of Duke Magnus I Pius of Braunschweig-Wolfenbüttel and Sophie of Brandenburg-Landsberg. He was the grandson of Margravine Agnes von Brandenburg-Landsberg, a sister of Emperor Ludwig of Bavaria .

Albert was first canon of Magdeburg and provost of St. Paul in Halberstadt . With Albert began a competition between the House of Oldenburg and the Guelphs for the Bremen ore monastery. Albert first had to assert himself against Moritz von Oldenburg , who was still employed as administrator by Gottfried von Arnsberg . Moritz had the support of the city of Bremen and the cathedral chapter , but Albert had the support of the curia and his family. In 1361 he was recognized as archbishop, only Moritz resisted. Only after a siege of Bremervörde Castle in January 1363 by a Brunswick army and Wilhelm von Lüneburg , Moritz renounced the monastery in a contract.

Albert's government was aimless; he mostly remained inactive in internal disputes. He hardly intervened in the Mandelsloh feud between Verdi and Bremen ministerials against Bremen, which devastated the entire monastery in 1381. Only in 1366 did he attempt to use the dispute between the Bremen council and the city's guilds - the so-called banner run  - to his advantage, but was unsuccessful. Bremen and Stade then made themselves almost independent of Albert.

He led a lavish lifestyle. To finance this, he began to pledge church property. It closes the series of archbishops who have destroyed their pen, which has been going on since the beginning of the century, by leaving behind unheard-of decay and boundless confusion. In 1369 he pledged the entire monastery with all the locks that he still had to Dukes Wilhelm von Lüneburg and Magnus II of Braunschweig for 4150 marks and appointed Daniel von Borch to their will as administrator; In 1375 he pledged the Bremen church property on the right of the Elbe to Count Adolf von Holstein-Pinneberg , and transferred Stedingen to the Counts of Oldenburg . The last two church properties were permanently lost to the Archbishopric of Bremen.

The biggest scandal in Albert's government was the public charge that he was a hermaphrodite . This accusation was made in the course of the War of the Lüneburg Succession by the cathedral dean Johann von Zesterfleth , later Bishop Johann von Verden , in order to oust the Brunswick Albrecht.


Individual evidence

  1. ^ Peter Aufgebauer: Albert II. (Albrecht), Duke of Braunschweig and Lüneburg. In: Horst-Rüdiger Jarck , Dieter Lent et al. (Ed.): Braunschweigisches Biographisches Lexikon - 8th to 18th century . Appelhans Verlag, Braunschweig 2006, ISBN 3-937664-46-7 , p. 32 .
predecessor Office successor
Godfried von Arnsberg Archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen
Otto II., From Braunschweig-Lüneburg