Alfred von Lewinski

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Alfred August Ludwig Wilhelm von Lewinski (born January 14, 1831 in Münster , † July 22, 1906 in Görlitz ) was a Prussian infantry general .



Alfred came from the noble family Lewinski . He was the son of Lieutenant Colonel a. D. August Jakob von Lewinski (1791–1870) and his wife Charlotte Wilhelmine, née Seydel (1804–1869). His older brother Eduard also became a Prussian general.

Military career

Lewinski was initially a cadet in Wahlstatt . In July 1844, however, he returned to his parents and attended the Friedrich-Wilhelm-Gymnasium in Stettin and then the Realschule in Berlin. Lewinski then joined the 9th Infantry Regiment of the Prussian Army on June 7, 1848 , was appointed Portepeefähnrich on March 11, 1849 and promoted to Second Lieutenant on December 6, 1849 . As such, Lewinski graduated from the General War School from mid-October 1853 to the end of July 1856 . He then served from October 1, 1857 to July 1, 1859 as a teacher at the Stettin Division School and was promoted to Prime Lieutenant on February 9, 1858 .

Lewinski took part in the war against Denmark as a captain in 1864 and fought at the buffalo paddock, took part in the assault on the Düppeler Schanzen and the transition to Alsen . Lewinski was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Royal House Order of Hohenzollern with Swords for his achievements on August 14, 1864 . After the end of the war he became an adjutant at the General Command of III. Army Corps . In the German War of 1866 he was in the General Command of the I. Army Corps and fought in the battles of Münchengrätz , Gitschin and Königgrätz .

In 1867 Lewinski was transferred to the General Staff and in 1870 took part in the General Staff of the 5th Division in the Franco-German War , where he was involved in the battles for Metz and later fought on the Loire . He distinguished himself particularly at Villers les Plenois and in the Battle of Change, for which he received the order Pour le Mérite .

In 1872 he was promoted to lieutenant colonel and chief of the general staff of the IX. Army Corps . On September 19, 1874 Lewinski became a colonel and as such from February 5, 1878 to November 17, 1880 commander of the infantry regiment "von Courbiére" (2nd Posensches) No. 19 . He was then assigned to lead the 9th Infantry Brigade. With the promotion to major general on January 18, 1881 Lewinski was commander of this brigade . He gave it up on November 2, 1885, was with the leadership of the 4th division and commanded it after his promotion to lieutenant general on December 12, 1885 until April 7, 1889. Lewinski was then appointed governor of Strasbourg and on 27. January 1890 he was promoted to general of the infantry. From November 4, 1890 Lewinski acted as commanding general of the XV. Army Corps . Under awarded the Grand Cross of the Red Eagle with Oak Leaves and Swords Lewinski was on 1 April 1892 board for disposition made.


Lewinski married Anna Dorothea Pehlemann (1837-1891) on April 15, 1857 in Berlin. The following children were born from the marriage:

  • Maria Anna Wilhelmine Luise (* 1859) ∞ Rudolf Scherz
  • Klara Adele Auguste (1860-1927)
  • Alfred (1862–1914), Prussian major general and commander of the 33rd Infantry Brigade
  • Adele Berta Wilhelmine (1865–1866)
  • Wilhelm (1867–1942), Prussian major general
  • Felix (1869–1936), Prussian major general
  • Viktor Friedrich Karl (1870–1873)
  • Karl Eduard Otto Kurt (1872), senior bailiff and domain tenant
  • Elisabeth Anna (* / † 1875)
  • Eberhard Julius Rudolf Paul (1876–1917), first lieutenant in the Schutztruppe for German East Africa
  • Margarete Alice Ida (1879-1893)


Individual evidence

  1. Order "pour le mérite"