Lisbon Cais do Sodré train station
|Cais do Sodré|
The yellow trains of the Linha de Cascais
end at the Cais do Sodré terminus
|opening||September 1, 1895|
|Architectural style||Art deco|
|architect||Porfírio Pardal Monteiro|
|City / municipality||Lisbon|
|List of train stations in Portugal|
The train station in Freguesia Misericórdia on the banks of the Tagus is served by the Comboios de Portugal trains on the Linha de Cascais , the Linha Verde of the Lisbon metro , numerous ferries at the neighboring Transtejo ferry terminal and trams and buses operated by the city's Carris .
The origin of the name of the Cais do Sodré junction is controversial. While cais can undoubtedly be translated as "quay (wall)", "pier" or "platform", the meaning of sodré is unknown. According to a thesis of the economic historian Maria Júlia de Oliveira e Silva, Sodré refers to the merchant Vicente Sodré, son of Fradique Sodré. Vicente Sodré is said to have built several structures in the area after the earthquake of 1755 . In 1779 a square on the bank was named "Sodré" for the first time. The journalist Júlio de Castilho in turn argues that the name comes from a family Sodré Pereira Tibau, whose two members, António and Duarte, owned some buildings.
In everyday parlance, the term “o Cais do Sodré” covers the entire wide area between Largo do Corpo Santo and the ferry terminal on the eastern side, on the western side between Praça de São Paulo and the Linha de Cascais station building. In the north the area is bounded by the streets Rua do Corpo Santo and Rua de São Paulo, in the south by the capital river Tejo. This colloquial extension of a geographical term is also called " vox populi ".
Means of transport
In 1889 the Royal Portuguese Railway Company ( Companhia Real dos Caminhos de Ferro Portugueses ) opened the Linha de Cascais between the posh seaside resorts of Cascais and Estoril to the Pedrouços train station, which no longer exists today, shortly before Belém . From the beginning, it was planned to connect the Linha de Cascais and the Linha do Norte at the Santa Apolónia train station , so that in principle direct trains between Cascais and Porto would have been possible. On September 1, 1895, the railway company extended the railway line to the heart of the city on the Cais do Sodré. Due to the time pressure and the lack of funding, only several wooden barracks were initially built on the banks of the Tejo. Initially, this was sufficient to meet passenger demands, as the comfort of travel on the trains and the travel time advantage alone were enormous. The "Gazeta dos Caminhos de Ferro" reported on September 1, 1895 that the travel time by tram to Belém was more than 40 minutes, to Algés it was even more than an hour.
With the advancing development of the tram and the short distances between stops on the Linha de Caiscais, it lost more and more passengers, especially from 1905 onwards. Due to the significantly cheaper tickets for the city tram, it in turn developed into strong competition to the railroad. Therefore, in 1924, the private Sociedade de Estoril took over the previously state-owned railway line with the aim of modernizing the line.
In order to meet the need for representation, the Sociedade de Estoril commissioned the architect Pardal Monteiro in 1925 to build an attractive station building on the Cais do Sodré as the starting point for the Linha de Cascais. Monteiro designed the access building, built between 1925 and 1929, in the Art Déco style . Among other things, the related mosaics and stucco elements are remarkable. The entrance hall is dominated by glass and steel, so that, depending on the time of day, different colors illuminate the hall through the sunlight. The Linha de Cascais, the first electrified railway line in Portugal, was electrified at the same time as construction.
On May 28, 1963, the 70-meter-long concrete ceiling above one of the platforms came off when a train was arriving and buried numerous passengers under itself. Despite immediate rescue measures, over 40 people died and more than 60 people were injured. The cause was probably the concrete washed out by the heavy rain. This led to the breakage of a supporting pillar.
Nevertheless, although the Linha de Cascais has been run by the state again since 1976, the appearance of the access building has not changed significantly. Between 2006 and 2008 the Rede Ferroviária Nacional railway infrastructure company fundamentally renovated the station to improve the transition between the railway and the metro station, which opened in 2002.
Since 1838 the first British ferries have been sailing from Lisbon across the Tagus to the other bank. The company Companhia do Tejo e Sado (or later Companhia de Navegação do Tejo por Barcos Movidos por Vapor ) operated the steamboats, later other companies such as the Vapores Lisbonenses of the entrepreneur Frederico Burnay. For the first time there were connections to Cacilhas , Seixal , Aldeia Galega (today Montijo ), Trafaria and Cascais. The first car service began in 1903 near what is now the Santa Apolónia train station, and only later did it move to Cais do Sodré.
With the opening of the Ponte Salazar - today Ponte 25 de Abril - in 1966, the number of passengers on the ferries fell significantly, as there was now a much faster connection by car to the other side of the bank. However, the connections continued to exist as the motorway takes a wider arc around the cities directly on the shore such as Cacilhas. Since 1975 all ferry services have been nationalized and merged under the name Transtejo .
In 1992, the Portuguese government under Cavaco Silva decided to work out plans for the extension of the metro to Cais do Sodré. In this context, the junction with its various means of transport should be completely rebuilt. The construction work for a completely new ferry terminal for the connections to Seixal, Montijo and Cacilhas began in 2002. The two-story building has a total floor space of 5000 square meters, of which 3300 are used for the handling of ships, which can be reached via three landing stages, three waiting rooms and Used entrance and sales rooms. The remaining 1700 square meters on the first floor are available to the shipping companies Transtejo and Soflusa . The investment costs amounted to twelve million euros, José Manuel Barroso opened the new terminal on May 11, 2004. Since then, the Cais do Sodré ferry terminal has often been used as an alternative to the other two Lisbon ferry terminals, Belém and Terreiro do Paço , especially since the latter is between 2006 and 2008 was rebuilt.
Since April 18, 1998, the trains of the new Linha Verde (green line) have been running to Cais do Sodré station . Since then, the station has become one of the most important in the Lisbon metro network.
Bus and tram
On August 31, 1901, the first tram opened in Lisbon, connecting the Cais do Sodré station with Algés. The route via Belém to the suburb of Algés still exists today, it is the most important part of the Lisbon tram. A second line to the Cais do Sodré station was opened on November 2, 1907, initially connecting the station with Carmo, Príncipe Real, Rato, Campolide and Alto de São João. This tram line was operated until 1995, but then stopped due to construction work; it has not been reopened to this day. However, reactivation is planned.
In addition to the tram, there are also numerous bus routes, including to Belém, Algés, Santa Apolónia train station , Praça Marquês de Pombal , Oriente and the airport . Bus and tram have a combined stop here.
- Júlio de Castilho: A Ribeira de Lisboa - Volume IV , [The shore of Lisbon - Volume 4], Lisbon 1943, 2nd edition, Câmara Municipal de Lisboa; Pages 219f., 235f.
- Maria Júlia de Oliveira e Silva: Fidalgos-Mercadores no sec. XVIII - Duarte Sodré Pereira , [Noble merchants in the 18th century - Duarte Sodré Pereira], Lisbon 1992, Casa da Moeda; Page 158
- Eduardo Sucena: Dictionnaire da História de Lisboa , [Glossary history of Lisbon], Lisbon 1994; Entry "Cais do Sodré"
- Arbeiter-Zeitung : Article from May 30, 1963 and article from May 31, 1963 accessed on February 21, 2011
- documentation and ship history ( page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Government press release on the construction of the transfer point
- information about the station of the Metropolitano de Lisboa, EP ( Memento of the original from October 22, 2008 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.