Rural community of Nessetal
|Height :||285 m|
|Area :||13.15 km²|
|Residents :||999 (December 31, 2018)|
|Population density :||76 inhabitants / km²|
|Incorporation :||1st January 2019|
|Postal code :||99869|
|Area code :||03621|
In a deed of gift dated May 18, 874, Bufileba and 116 other places in Thuringia are mentioned as the Fulda Abbey. Archbishop Liubert zu Mainz as well as Abbot Sigehard zu Fulda asserted the right to raise the tithe for themselves. The dispute over this was decided by King Ludwig the German (840–876) at the court of Ingelheim in favor of the Fulda Abbey. The Pfullendorf district was first mentioned in 1166, the Hausen district in 1123. In 1524 the "Bufleber Beer War" took place when the people of Bufleben revolted against the ducal ban on brewing their own beer. As early as 1421, the place belonged to the Gotha office , which had belonged to the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha since 1640, to the Duchy of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg from 1672 and to the Duchy of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha from 1826 . The opening of the salt works in Bufleben in 1828 led to an economic upswing. In 1936 the saltworks was shut down. In 1974 Hausens and Pfullendorf were incorporated into Bufleben.
On January 1, 2019, the previously independent communities of Bufleben, Ballstädt , Brüheim , Friedrichswerth , Goldbach , Haina , Hochheim , Remstädt , Wangenheim , Warza and Westhausen were merged to form the rural community of Nessetal . Bufleben was a member of the Central Nessetal administrative community . The districts of Bufleben, Hausen and Pfullendorf belonged to the municipality of Bufleben .
Hausen, Bufleben and Pfullendorf are Protestant church villages. Since 1912 the parish offices in Hausen, Pfullendorf and Bufleben have been administered jointly from Bufleben.
The Nessetalbahn from Bufleben via Friedrichswerth to Großenbehringen was a single-track branch line that branched off from the Gotha – Leinefelde railway line. It was closed on September 28, 1995 for passenger traffic. The Bufleben stop, which is approx. 2 km outside the village, still has a connection to the RB53. This runs alternately every hour to Gotha or Bad Langensalza.
The Nessetal cycle path leads through Bufleben from the direction of Molschleben or Erfurt and continues to Warza or Eisenach.
- St. Cyriakus Church in Bufleben, built in 1412 according to an inscription on the church.
- Church of St. Bonifatius in the Pfullendorf district
- Village church in the Hausen district
- On the northern outskirts there is a burial mound called "Mühlhög" with a diameter of 24 m and a height of 3.50 m. Its name gives the wrong impression: It probably never had a mill on it. The size and location of the hill suggest that it was raised in the Bronze Age (around 2,000–1,000 BC). A linden tree stands in a dent on the hilltop, which indicates an excavation attempt. Archaeologists tried in the 18th / 19th Century to get through a shaft into the interior of the burial mound, because they suspected a burial chamber with valuable grave goods there. A lance tip was found near the hill
- There is a post windmill in the flat Nesseaue between Bufleben and Hausen . (See list of windmills in Thuringia )
- See also: List of cultural monuments in Nessetal
- Cyriacus Schneegaß (1546–1597), Protestant pastor and hymn poet.
- Johann Karl Immanuel Buddeus (1780–1844), political scientist.
- Guido Reinhardt: History of the market Gräfentonna , Langensalza 1892.
- board on the burial mound
- History (private homepage)