Cotes du Vivarais
The Côtes du Vivarais wine-growing region is located in the northern section of the Rhône wine-growing region on the orographic right-hand side of the Rhône opposite the AOC Grignan-les-Adhémar on the other bank of the river . The Ardèche River is located in the center of the growing area and offers a wide range of tourist opportunities.
The former VDQS (the area achieved this status on August 8, 1962) was only classified as an Appellation d'Origine Contrôlée (AOC for short) on September 23, 1999 . The vineyards currently cover around 650 hectares of vineyards spread over the 14 communities of Orgnac-l'Aven , Saint-Montan , Saint-Remèze , Lagorce , Vinezac , Gras , Larnas , Bidon , Labastide-de-Virac (all in the Ardèche department ) and Barjac , Issirac , Saint-Privat-de-Champclos , Montclus and Le Garn in the Gard department . The municipalities Orgnac-l'Aven (famous for its Laugungshöhle in Karst ), Saint-Remèze and St Montan allowed the appellation add their name. A total of 4,734 hectares of potential vineyards were defined for this appellation. In 2005, a total of 20,133 hectoliters of wine were produced on 554 hectares of declared area.
In the 1950s, 99% simple table wine was still being produced in this region . The wines were sold in barrels to wholesalers for blending. The primary goal was a high yield with little effort. At that time, hybrid vines such as Couderc 13 , which are very fungus-resistant and frost-hardy, were often used.
- The red wine is blended from at least 90% Grenache (individual portion at least 30%) and Syrah (individual portion at least 40%), Cinsault and Carignan . The Carignan grape variety is only approved until 2017.
- The rosé wine contains at least two of the three types Syrah (at least 25%), Grenache and Cinsault with a maximum of 80% each.
- The white wine must consist of at least two of the three grape varieties Clairette Blanche , Grenache Blanc and Marsanne blanche with a maximum of 80% each.
- Hubrecht Duijker : The best wines - Rhône and southern France . Albert Müller Verlag, Zurich, Stuttgart, Vienna 1983, ISBN 3-275-00891-9 .
- Jancis Robinson : The Oxford Wine Lexicon . 2nd Edition. Hallwag , Munich 2003, ISBN 3-7742-0914-6 (886 pages, English: The Oxford companion to wine . Translated by Wolfgang Kissel).
- Pierre Galet : Cépages et Vignobles de France . Lavoisier Publishing House, Paris 2004, ISBN 2-7430-0585-8 .
- Benoît France: Grand Atlas des Vignobles de France . Éditions SOLAR publishing house, Paris 2002, ISBN 2-263-03242-8 .