|Metropolitan city||Venice (VE)|
|Residents||11,476 (Dec 31, 2019)|
|Population density||76 inhabitants / km²|
|Popular name||Caprulani or Caorlotti|
Cáorle [ ˈkaːorlɛ ] is a city in the metropolitan city of Venice with 11,476 inhabitants (as of December 31, 2019) and an area of 151 km². With this area, Caorle is one of the largest municipalities in northern Italy . The city lies at the mouth of the Livenza in the Adriatic Sea .
Caorle is often called "Little Venice ". The place owes this name to its small streets, its bell towers and the houses painted in typical Venetian colors. Particularly noteworthy are the cathedral from the 11th century and the cylindrical bell tower from 1100 as well as the church Madonna dell'Angelo on the east beach.
The city is located on the northern Italian Adriatic Sea between the seaside resorts of San Michele al Tagliamento (Bibione) and Eraclea . The lagoon city of Venice is 60 km away, Trieste 120 km away. Closer cities are for example San Donà di Piave , Portogruaro , Concordia Sagittaria and Treviso .
The place also became known through the American writer Ernest Hemingway , who found the inspiration for his novel Across the river and into the woods (1950) in San Gaetano and the Caorle lagoon . He lived in an estate on the edge of the Caorle lagoon. Today the house is uninhabited and you can watch it from the ship during an excursion.
Without the factions , the actual city consists of three parts, viz
- Spiaggia di Levante (Italian for east beach)
- Downtown Caorle
- Spiaggia di Ponente (Italian for west beach)
The city center as well as the east and west beaches are relatively densely populated with 9,000 inhabitants in contrast to the other smaller districts.
The localities of Caorle are: Brian, Brussa, Lido Altanea, Ca 'Corniani, Ca' Cottoni, Castello di Brussa, Duna Verde, Marango, Ottava Presa, Porto Santa Margherita, San Gaetano, San Giorgio di Livenza and Villaviera.
In the south of Caorle, the seaside resort of Porto Santa Margherita is only separated by the Livenza river, which can be passed by ferry.
The place is over 2000 years old, it was founded opposite the island of Caprulae (= island of the goats) by fishermen and shepherds as an outer harbor for the inland Roman legionary base Iulia concordia (today called Concordia sagittaria). In the 5th century Caorle was one of the largest cities in northern Italy, a trading center and an important port. Due to climatic changes and silting up of the port, Caorle lost its importance. A large part of the Caorlesian patriciate moved to Venice at that time, from this time very good relations with the Maritime Republic resulted . Caorle was one of the few Venetian cities not forcibly subjugated by the Venetians.
In 1380 Caorle was sacked and destroyed by troops from Genoa because it was allied with the Republic of Venice . Caorle has also been a bishopric since the 9th century and was united with Venice in 1818.
Today tourism on the 15 km long sandy beaches and fishing are the most important economic factors for the place.
The most important branch of the economy besides fishing is tourism . There are over 200 hotels, campsites and holiday villages. In its prime, up to 9 million visitors visited the city. Recently this number has dropped to 6 million people a year, most of whom arrive between May and September.
The local beach has held the Blue Flag award since 1987 ; This seal of approval was confirmed again in 2012.
Caorle offers countless shopping opportunities in the numerous shops in the city center and in the pedestrian zone. In recent years, well-known fashion companies with a branch have been based in the city. Every Saturday there is a weekly market near the Caorler exhibition hall. This offers a range of clothing, leather goods and food all year round . In addition, there is a flower festival once a year in Viale Santa Margherita.
Construction activities in Caorle
In 2002 the new Lido Altanea district was built , around 4 kilometers outside the city. It is right after Porto Santa Margherita. Parts of the original center, such as the fisherman's hall or Via Roma, have also been completely redesigned and converted into shops, restaurants, bars and luxury apartments in the Venetian style. In addition, numerous multi-storey car parks and underground garages were built between 2010 and 2012 . A parking garage with around 500 spaces on the west beach was opened at the beginning of 2011. There are also two underground car parks under the city center.
Along with Venice and Jesolo, Caorle property prices are among the highest on the upper Adriatic. Prices per square meter of more than 6,000 euros are required for apartments in the city center or apartments with a direct sea view .
The fine sandy beach extends over a length of 20 kilometers. It begins on the east beach of Caorle, is separated by a rock dam and goes directly into the somewhat narrower west beach. The stretch of beach between Caorle and Porto Santa Margherita is then separated by the Livenza river. The sandy beach stretches from Porto Santa Margherita to Duna Verde.
The the top of the temperate climate settled temperatures in the rising summer (May to September) almost daily over 30 ° C. Apart from a few thunderstorms , there is almost no precipitation in summer . In winter, on the other hand, temperatures drop to −5 to a maximum of −8 ° C. In the winter months, the number of days affected by precipitation increases minimally.
The area of the Caorle lagoon is very extensive and extends at the extreme end of the east beach (viale Falconera) towards Bibione . The two places are only a few kilometers apart by sea ; however, you have to make a detour inland by car.
A visit to the Caorle lagoon is very interesting and educational. In addition to many species of birds and fish, there are also numerous fishermen's huts to visit. It is not uncommon for well-known painters to visit this place to be inspired by the magnificent nature.
The best view over the lagoon is from the Falconera district. This district is particularly known for its typical Venetian fish restaurants, which are widespread there. At the edge of the lagoon there are numerous hiking and biking trails, from which you can visit individual fishermen's huts. Several times a day it is possible to take a tour on an excursion boat.
The Duomo, the city's former episcopal church, was built at the beginning of the 11th century and completed in 1038. Its 48 meter high campanile from the same period is round and the symbol of the city. It stands in the historical center of the city, the buildings of which form a harmonious unit with modern structures.
At the end of the rock dam is the little church of Madonna dell 'Angelo . It is just as worth seeing as the inner-city church of the Madonna dei Pompei .
The multi-purpose hall PalaExpomar - the center of which is the typical Venetian lion - is used every year as a venue for trade fairs and congresses of all kinds. Among other things, a hotel trade fair takes place here in February / March . It is the best known of its kind and therefore an important meeting place for the hoteliers of the upper Adriatic.
- 1992-2002: Luigino Moro
- 2002–2012: Marco Sarto
- since 2012: Luciano Striuli
Customs - special
The festival in honor of the Madonna dell Angelo takes place every five years on the second Sunday in September and is one of the largest of its kind. The Madonna is carried from the cathedral through the historic old town of Caorle and loaded onto a traditionally decorated boat at the port . The boat covers a sea route of around ten kilometers from Caorle via Porto Santa Margherita and back to Caorle to the church of Madonna dell Angelo on the east beach. It is accompanied by numerous boats and small yachts decorated with colorful flags. On September 12, 2010, more than 250,000 people - both domestic and foreign guests - attended the religious festival. The last procession took place on Sunday September 13th, 2015.
In addition to the five annual fireworks, it is also worth mentioning the fish and meat festival that takes place in Caorle every year.
In the 1940s, the US writer Ernest Hemingway was a frequent guest in Caorle, where he went fishing in the lagoon. There he found the necessary inspiration for his novel Across the River and Into the Woods . Likewise, the property in which he stayed for a long time can still be viewed today as an exterior view during a lagoon excursion.
Transport and infrastructure
The two provincial roads SP 54 and SP 59 run through the city . The infrastructure has expanded in recent years to include Porto Santa Margherita and Altanea - a newly developed suburb of the city of Caorle.
The lagoon city of Venice is 60 kilometers from Caorle, but comprehensive daily in the summer months (May to September) with about 100 people travel ship reached. An ATVO bus line and numerous regional transport companies are also available.
Sport and entertainment
In addition to the Caorle exhibition hall, there is also the city's sports stadium and 2000 m² sports hall. Every year international athletes meet there for the respective sporting events. Caorle also has a major basketball association that hosts its events at the local stadium.
In Caorle there is also a so-called Luna Park ( amusement park ), which is open from May to the beginning of September. Numerous street performers and artists meet annually for a street festival that is held in the historic old town of Caorl . Numerous events of various kinds take place throughout the year.
Viticulture is formative in the entire area. Insurance Generali (Italian: Assicurazione Generali ) in Ca 'Corniani (about two kilometers outside of Caorle) also owns a huge wine-growing region. Production and sales take place all year round.
- Paolo Francesco Gusso, Renata Candiago Gandolfo: Caorle Sacra , Marcianum Press, Venice 2012.
- Trino Bottani: Saggio di storia della città di Caorle , Venice 1811.
- City website (German, English and Italian)
- Tourist website (English)
- City website (German, English, Italian and Czech)
- Caorle Museum (Italian)
- Statistiche demografiche ISTAT. Monthly population statistics of the Istituto Nazionale di Statistica , as of December 31 of 2019.
- Article about Hemingway's stay in Caorle on caorlevacanze.it ( Memento of the original from November 3, 2012 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , accessed June 15, 2012
- Kleine Zeitung of May 14, 2012
- FIAIP - Federazione Italiana Agenti Immobiliari Professionali. Retrieved January 4, 2018 .
- Q-Web srl: Il Sindaco - Luciano Striuli - Città di Caorle. Retrieved January 5, 2018 (it-IT).
- http://oe1.orf.at/programm/424733 Heinz Janisch: People Images, "Milestones" - The artist Margot Pilz, orf.at, Ö1 radio broadcast January 24, 2016, heard January 24, 2016.
- Exhibition "Milestones", November 18, 2015 to March 5, 2016, MUSA - Museum, Startgalerie, Artothek, Vienna, Felderstrasse 6–8 (at the town hall)