|Surname||Club de Fútbol
America SA de CV
|Seat||Mexico City , Mexico|
|founding||October 12, 1916|
|First soccer team|
|Head coach||Miguel Herrera|
Club de Fútbol América SA de CV , Club América for short , is a Mexican football club in Mexico City that is active in the country's highest league, the Liga MX . He plays his home games in the Aztec Stadium . Club America is the record winner of the CONCACAF Champions League and the Mexican record champion; the big rival is the Deportivo Guadalajara .
Football in Mexico was first developed by the British who immigrated or temporarily worked there: in parishes, workplaces and schools. The Club America was born from this environment.
Under the leadership of the two cousins Rafael Garza Gutiérrez and Germán Nuñez Cortina, a group of students from the Colegio Mascarones decided in 1916 to set up a football team that was given the name Récord . In the same year, a football team called Colón was formed in the Colegio marista de La Perpetua, the religiously influenced Marist school of La Perpetua , which, however, only rarely managed to reach the required strength of eleven players.
Just a few months later, these two teams joined forces and joined forces. Because the merger had happened on October 12, 1916, the anniversary of the discovery of America, the founding member Pedro "Cheto" Quintanilla proposed that the association be named Club America. The same player also designed the club crest. The originally chosen club colors were blue and cream, which explains the long-used nicknames azulcremas and cremas. The less attractive name cremas was officially replaced in 1981 by the nickname Las Aguilas (the eagles), which is still valid today . A living eagle is the club's mascot. At home games, the club lets its mascot fly through the wide circle of the Aztec stadium before kick-off and the trained eagle always lands in the center circle.
Club America made its debut in the Primera Fuerza - the championship at the time on an amateur basis - in the 1917/18 season. Because he was the first team in this league that consisted exclusively of Mexican players, the club was immediately accepted by the audience despite its moderate sporting performance. As an irony of history, it can be described that later, of all people, his arch rival Chivas Guadalajara upheld the tradition of only signing Mexican players - and this policy made it the most popular club in the country - while America became the epitome of the club within Mexico who preferred to look around the foreign player market rather than the local one. As early as 1918 the association was renamed Centro Unión. Under this name, the team appeared in the next two seasons, before it was renamed América in 1920.
The first great epoch of the association soon followed. In the final table of the 1922/23 season, America had been level with Club España , but lost in the playoff for the championship. But in the following years things should be done better when America became champions four times in a row between 1925 and 1928. After that, however, America should fall back into the sporting mediocrity and have to wait 37 long years until the next championship.
In between, however, the end almost came. Despite impressive sporting performances and a positive response from the audience, América plagued financial problems. The year 1959 marked the absolute turning point in economic terms. After the industrialist Emilio Azcárraga Milmo had bought the club and invested a lot of money, there were soon spectacular signings of foreign players, especially Brazilians.
Because his father Emilio Azcarraga Viduarreta with the Televisa had founded SA's most powerful media company in the Spanish-speaking world and the management of this company has been transferred to the América Club owner Emilio Azacárraga milmo after his death in 1973, the the Televisa Group until his death in 1997 headed with an uncompromising and authoritarian style of leadership, the club became an appendage of Televisa, which also owns the Aztec Stadium. His son Emilio Azcárraga Jean succeeded him as the club owner.
The cadres of the championship teams
The "best team of all time"
The Mexican sports newspaper Récord has identified the following “dream team” of Club América with the most important players in the history of the Aguilas (the years in brackets describe the club membership):
Guillermo Ochoa (2004–2011) - Juan Hernández (1988–1996 and 1998), Alfredo Tena (1973–1991), Armando Manzo (1979–1987), Mario Pérez (1969–1978) - Cristóbal Ortega (1974–1991), Antônio Carlos Santos (1987-1994), Carlos Reinoso (1970-19979) - Luis Roberto Alves (1985-1996), Cuauhtémoc Blanco (1992-2007), Salvador Cabañas (2006-2010).
- Rafael Garza Gutiérrez (1916-1932)
- Octavio Vial (1937-1949)
- Vavá (1964-1967)
- François Omam-Biyik (1994–1997)
- Maurizio Gaudino (1995–1996)
- Ilie Dumitrescu (1996-1997)
- Alberto García Aspe (1997–1999)
- Pavel Pardo (1998-2006, 2009-2011)
- Iván Zamorano (2001-2002)
- Guillermo Ochoa (2003-2011)
- Claudio López (2004-2006)
- Vicente Sanchez (2010-2011)
- Master of the Primera Fuerza : 4
- 1925, 1926, 1927, 1928
- Masters of the Primera División de México : 13
- 1966, 1971, 1976, 1984, 1985, Prode 85, 1988, 1989, summer 2002, Clausura 2005, Clausura 2013, Apertura 2014, Apertura 2018
- Cup winners ( Copa México ): 7
- 1938, 1954, 1955, 1964, 1965, 1974, 2019
- Supercup ( Campeón de Campeones ): 5
- 1955, 1976, 1988, 1989, 2005
CONCACAF Champions League : 7
- 1977, 1987, 1990, 1992, 2006, 2015, 2016
Copa Interamericana : 2nd
- 1978, 1991
The well-known fans of Club America include:
- Chabelo , comedian
- Alejandro González Iñárritu , director
- Juan Manuel Márquez , boxer
- Patricia Navidad , actress and singer
- Sergio Pérez , racing car driver
- Rey Misterio , wrestler
- Tania Rincón , model and television reporter
- Manuel Valdés , actor
- Club América website (Spanish)
- Unofficial website with lists of presidents and coaches (Spanish)
- Récord: Te presentamos el 11 ideal histórico del América (Spanish; article from July 21, 2012)
- Duelo de celebridades por Cruz Azul y América: los hinchas famosos del Clásico Joven (Spanish; accessed on August 6, 2018)