Aztec Stadium

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Estadio Azteca
El Coloso de Santa Úrsula
The Aztec Stadium on September 25, 2011 before the game Club América against the Xolos de Tijuana.
The Aztec Stadium on September 25, 2011 before the game Club América against the Xolos de Tijuana .
Earlier names

Estadio Guillermo Cañedo (1997-2007)

Data
place Calzada de Tlalpan No. 3465 Coyoacan , Mexico City , Mexico
MexicoMexico 
Coordinates 19 ° 18 '10.7 "  N , 99 ° 9' 1.8"  W Coordinates: 19 ° 18 '10.7 "  N , 99 ° 9' 1.8"  W.
owner Grupo Televisa
start of building August 1962
opening May 29, 1966
Renovations 1986, 1999, 2001, 2006, 2013, 2016–2019 (planned)
surface Natural grass
architect Pedro Ramírez Vázquez
Rafael Mijares Alcérreca
capacity 87,000 seats (August 2017)
playing area 105 m × 68 m
Societies)
Events

The Aztec Stadium ( Spanish Estadio Azteca ) is a football stadium opened in 1966 in Coyoacán , a district of Mexico City . It currently offers 87,000 covered seats. It is one of the world's largest stadiums for football matches. The sports facility was the only one that hosted the opening and final matches of the football World Cup twice (1970 with a maximum of 107,494 spectators at the time and in 1986 with 114,464 seats) and is the most frequent venue for World Cup games with 19 games. Michael Jackson filled it five times in a row with 100,000 spectators during concert appearances.

history

1968 Olympic Games

In 1968, the Summer Olympics football tournament was held at the Estadio Azteca, while most of the competitions were held at the Estadio Olímpico Universitario , also in Mexico City.

World Cup 1970

Plaque commemorating the game of the century in front of the Aztec stadium

In 1970 Mexico hosted the soccer world championship , next to the Olympic Games the biggest sporting event in the world. Five stadiums were designated for the World Cup, including the Aztec Stadium, which was the second largest stadium in the world at the time after the Maracanã in Rio de Janeiro with a seating capacity of 107,000 . In the preliminary round, the games Mexico against the Soviet Union (0: 0), Belgium against El Salvador (3: 0), Soviet Union against Belgium (4: 1), Mexico against El Salvador (4: 0), the Soviet Union against El Salvador ( 2-0) and Mexico against Belgium (1-0) in the Aztec Stadium. In the quarter-finals, the Estadio Azteca hosted the encounter between the Soviet Union and Uruguay , which Uruguay won 1-0 in extra time.

The semi-finals between Italy and Germany also took place in the Aztec Stadium. 107,000 spectators saw one of the biggest games in the history of the soccer World Cup. Italy took the lead after seven minutes through Roberto Boninsegna and wanted to defend their lead using the tried and tested Catenaccio tactic, but the Germans struck England in the last minute, as they had in the final four years earlier. Karl-Heinz Schnellinger , active as a club player at AC Milan , scored the 1-1 after the German team had climbed the Italian goal for 80 minutes and missed numerous great chances. An extension had to bring the decision. The later top scorer of this World Cup, Gerd Müller , gave Germany the lead in the 95th minute, but Tarcisio Burgnich was able to equalize just four minutes later. In the 104th minute, Luigi Riva gave the Italians a 3-2 lead, which was destroyed by another goal from Müller in the 110th minute. Gianni Rivera ended this incredible extra time with a 4: 3 in the 111th minute. That put Italy in the final against Brazil , but what people remember most was the semi-final between Italy and Germany. Today it is known under the term " Century Game ", although the German press had already described the quarter-finals against old rivals England, won 3-2 after extra time after 0-2 deficit, as the game of the century.

The final between Brazil and Italy turned out to be a one-sided game from the start. The Italians, who were tired from the difficult semi-final match against Germany, fell behind after 19 minutes with a goal from Pelé . But they got up and scored 1-1 with Boninsegna, who had already scored in the semi-finals. So it was at the break, before the South Americans really turned up in the second half. First Gérson in the 65th minute, then Jairzinho after 70 minutes and captain Carlos Alberto Torres four minutes before the end made the 4-1 final score perfect. Brazil were world champions for the third time, Italy second. In the game for 3rd place, Uruguay had defeated 1-0 the day before, also in Azteca, Germany.

World Cup 1986

At the place where the German national team had failed 16 years earlier in Italy, the 1986 World Cup should, despite all efforts, come to an end in the Aztec Stadium. Although Karl-Heinz Rummenigge and Rudi Völler were able to make up a 2-0 deficit in the final phase of the final against Argentina, the German team conceded the goal in the 84th minute to make the final score 2-3.

The English have no less bad memories of the Mexican venue where they ended in the quarter-finals after Diego Maradona scored an irregular goal with the hand of God . That Skandaltor to 1: 0 (Result 2: 1) the English have never forgiven the former football star. Diego Maradona's second goal in that game was later named Goal of the Century by FIFA .

World Cup games in the Aztec Stadium
No. date Result Teams occasion spectator Remarks
1. May 31, 1970 0-0 MexicoMexico Mexico - Soviet UnionSoviet UnionSoviet Union  Opening game 107.160 Highest number of spectators at an opening game
2. 3rd June 1970 3-0 BelgiumBelgium Belgium - El SalvadorEl SalvadorEl Salvador  Group game 092.205
3. June 6, 1970 4: 1 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Soviet Union - BelgiumBelgiumBelgium  Group game 095.261
4th June 7, 1970 4-0 MexicoMexico Mexico - El SalvadorEl SalvadorEl Salvador  Group game 103.058
5. June 10, 1970 2-0 Soviet UnionSoviet Union Soviet Union - El SalvadorEl SalvadorEl Salvador  Group game 089,979
6th June 11, 1970 1-0 MexicoMexico Mexico - BelgiumBelgiumBelgium  Group game 108.192
7th June 14, 1970 0: 1 a.d. Soviet UnionSoviet Union Soviet Union - UruguayUruguayUruguay  Quarter finals 026,085
8th. 17th June 1970 4: 3 a.d. ItalyItaly Italy - FR GermanyGermany Federal RepublicFederal Republic of Germany  Semifinals 102,444 Century game
9. June 20, 1970 0: 1 UruguayUruguay Uruguay - FR GermanyGermany Federal RepublicFederal Republic of Germany  3rd place match 104,403 Highest number of spectators in a game for third place
10. June 21, 1970 4: 1 BrazilBrazil Brazil - ItalyItalyItaly  final 107,412 Brazil becomes world champion for the third time
11. May 31, 1986 1: 1 BulgariaBulgaria Bulgaria - ItalyItalyItaly  Opening game 096,000
12. June 3, 1986 1: 2 BelgiumBelgium Belgium - MexicoMexicoMexico  Group game 110,000
13. June 7, 1986 1: 1 MexicoMexico Mexico - ParaguayParaguayParaguay  Group game 114,600 Highest number of spectators in a group game
14th June 11, 1986 0: 1 IraqIraq Iraq - MexicoMexicoMexico  Group game 103,763
15th June 15, 1986 2-0 MexicoMexico Mexico - BulgariaBulgariaBulgaria  Round of 16 114,580 Highest number of spectators in a round of 16
16. June 18, 1986 3-0 EnglandEngland England - ParaguayParaguayParaguay  Round of 16 098,728
17th June 22, 1986 2: 1 ArgentinaArgentina Argentina - EnglandEnglandEngland  Quarter finals 114,580 Hand of God , Highest number of spectators at a quarter-finals
18th June 25, 1986 2-0 ArgentinaArgentina Argentina - BelgiumBelgiumBelgium  Semifinals 114,500 Highest number of spectators in a semi-final
19th June 29, 1986 3: 2 ArgentinaArgentina Argentina - FR GermanyGermany Federal RepublicFederal Republic of Germany  final 114,600 Argentina becomes world champion for the second time, highest attendance at a final

A total of 1,917,550 spectators in the Aztec Stadium saw the 19 games (100,924 on average per game). In no World Cup stadium were there more spectators and in none a higher average.

Todays use

Exterior view of the stadium (admission control)

Today the stadium is mainly used by Club América , whose supporters fill the stadium with an average of around 65,000 people during the championship games. On July 27, 2003, the Gold Cup final (the North and Central American championship, comparable to the European Football Championship, etc.) took place in the Aztec Stadium , which the Mexicans won 1-0 against Brazil in extra time.

Occasionally the stadium is used for other mass events such as religious gatherings. On January 25, 1999, Pope John Paul II was visiting the Aztec Stadium during a pastoral trip to America and gave a speech. In the same year, more than 100,000 people gathered there for a solemn hour of prayer to honor Jesus . Concerts like that of the Mexican rock singer Benjamin Anaya (2003), on the other hand, are rather rare at this location. In 2004 the stadium was the setting for the film Matando Cabos .

On October 2, 2005, the first regular NFL game outside the United States took place in the Aztec Stadium with the American football game between the Arizona Cardinals and the San Francisco 49ers . The game called "Fútbol Americano" ended with 31:14 for the Cardinals , who postponed a home game. The crowd of 103,467 is the largest crowd at a season game of the NFL outside the US to date. For a season preparation game of the NFL in 1994 between the Houston Oilers and the Dallas Cowboys (6-0) even 112,376 spectators gathered in the wide circle. On February 20, 1993, the WBO half welterweight world championship boxing match between the Mexican Julio César Chavez and the American Greg Haugen attracted around 130,000 spectators to the football arena.

The Aztec Stadium has been undergoing extensive renovations since 2016. It is the largest construction work since the stadium was roofed in 1967. The first step in the project was to replace the seating in the stands, which initially reduced the available space from 105,000 to 95,500. With further modifications to the stands, the capacity then fell to around 87,000.

From the beginning of February 2016, the lower standing section of the east stand became a large hospitality area. The second phase began at the end of March 2016, when the western upper tier was converted into a press area in accordance with the requirements of FIFA and the NFL . The stadium also received private boxes .

To the west of the stadium, construction began on a complex called Foro Azteca with 130,000 square meters of retail space , an office building with 20,000 square meters and two hotels . There are also plans to create 2,500 additional parking spaces. The shopping center next to the stadium should be completed by 2019.

gallery

Panorama of the Aztec Stadium, home of the Club América . Here the game Club América against UAG Tecos (Guadalajara). April 15th, Clausura 2007

See also

Web links

Commons : Aztec Stadium  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. stadiumdb.com: Estadio Azteca (Coloso de Santa Ursula) (English)
  2. The game of the final round at the 1950 World Cup, which was decisive for the award of the World Cup title, was watched by 173,850 spectators, according to FIFA. But it wasn't a final game in the real sense.
  3. ^ Vatican.va: Pastoral trip to America - Address by John Paul II - Aztec Stadium - Monday, January 25, 1999
  4. usatoday.com: Game report Arizona Cardinals against San Francisco 49ers (English)
  5. usatoday.com: Mexico gets ready for football, not futbol Article from September 29, 2005 (English)
  6. articles.latimes.com: 130,000 See Chavez Easily Beat Haugen article from February 21, 1993 (English)
  7. stadiumdb.com: Mexico: Azteca to lose capacity again Article from April 4, 2016 (English)
  8. a b stadionwelt.de: Another downsizing in the Estadio Azteca article from April 5, 2016
  9. stadiumdb.com: Mexico: Azteca up for revamp, capacity if article from February 22, 2015 (English)
  10. stadionwelt.de: Less seats in the Estadio Azteca Article from February 23, 2015