|El Coloso de Santa Úrsula|
|The Aztec Stadium on September 25, 2011 before the game Club América against the Xolos de Tijuana .|
Estadio Guillermo Cañedo (1997-2007)
|place||Calzada de Tlalpan No. 3465 Coyoacan , Mexico City , Mexico
|start of building||August 1962|
|opening||May 29, 1966|
|Renovations||1986, 1999, 2001, 2006, 2013, 2016–2019 (planned)|
Pedro Ramírez Vázquez
Rafael Mijares Alcérreca
|capacity||87,000 seats (August 2017)|
|playing area||105 m × 68 m|
The Aztec Stadium ( Spanish Estadio Azteca ) is a football stadium opened in 1966 in Coyoacán , a district of Mexico City . It currently offers 87,000 covered seats. It is one of the world's largest stadiums for football matches. The sports facility was the only one that hosted the opening and final matches of the football World Cup twice (1970 with a maximum of 107,494 spectators at the time and in 1986 with 114,464 seats) and is the most frequent venue for World Cup games with 19 games. Michael Jackson filled it five times in a row with 100,000 spectators during concert appearances.
1968 Olympic Games
World Cup 1970
In 1970 Mexico hosted the soccer world championship , next to the Olympic Games the biggest sporting event in the world. Five stadiums were designated for the World Cup, including the Aztec Stadium, which was the second largest stadium in the world at the time after the Maracanã in Rio de Janeiro with a seating capacity of 107,000 . In the preliminary round, the games Mexico against the Soviet Union (0: 0), Belgium against El Salvador (3: 0), Soviet Union against Belgium (4: 1), Mexico against El Salvador (4: 0), the Soviet Union against El Salvador ( 2-0) and Mexico against Belgium (1-0) in the Aztec Stadium. In the quarter-finals, the Estadio Azteca hosted the encounter between the Soviet Union and Uruguay , which Uruguay won 1-0 in extra time.
The semi-finals between Italy and Germany also took place in the Aztec Stadium. 107,000 spectators saw one of the biggest games in the history of the soccer World Cup. Italy took the lead after seven minutes through Roberto Boninsegna and wanted to defend their lead using the tried and tested Catenaccio tactic, but the Germans struck England in the last minute, as they had in the final four years earlier. Karl-Heinz Schnellinger , active as a club player at AC Milan , scored the 1-1 after the German team had climbed the Italian goal for 80 minutes and missed numerous great chances. An extension had to bring the decision. The later top scorer of this World Cup, Gerd Müller , gave Germany the lead in the 95th minute, but Tarcisio Burgnich was able to equalize just four minutes later. In the 104th minute, Luigi Riva gave the Italians a 3-2 lead, which was destroyed by another goal from Müller in the 110th minute. Gianni Rivera ended this incredible extra time with a 4: 3 in the 111th minute. That put Italy in the final against Brazil , but what people remember most was the semi-final between Italy and Germany. Today it is known under the term " Century Game ", although the German press had already described the quarter-finals against old rivals England, won 3-2 after extra time after 0-2 deficit, as the game of the century.
The final between Brazil and Italy turned out to be a one-sided game from the start. The Italians, who were tired from the difficult semi-final match against Germany, fell behind after 19 minutes with a goal from Pelé . But they got up and scored 1-1 with Boninsegna, who had already scored in the semi-finals. So it was at the break, before the South Americans really turned up in the second half. First Gérson in the 65th minute, then Jairzinho after 70 minutes and captain Carlos Alberto Torres four minutes before the end made the 4-1 final score perfect. Brazil were world champions for the third time, Italy second. In the game for 3rd place, Uruguay had defeated 1-0 the day before, also in Azteca, Germany.
World Cup 1986
At the place where the German national team had failed 16 years earlier in Italy, the 1986 World Cup should, despite all efforts, come to an end in the Aztec Stadium. Although Karl-Heinz Rummenigge and Rudi Völler were able to make up a 2-0 deficit in the final phase of the final against Argentina, the German team conceded the goal in the 84th minute to make the final score 2-3.
The English have no less bad memories of the Mexican venue where they ended in the quarter-finals after Diego Maradona scored an irregular goal with the hand of God . That Skandaltor to 1: 0 (Result 2: 1) the English have never forgiven the former football star. Diego Maradona's second goal in that game was later named Goal of the Century by FIFA .
|World Cup games in the Aztec Stadium|
|1.||May 31, 1970||0-0||Mexico - Soviet Union||Opening game||107.160||Highest number of spectators at an opening game|
|2.||3rd June 1970||3-0||Belgium - El Salvador||Group game||92.205|
|3.||June 6, 1970||4: 1||Soviet Union - Belgium||Group game||95.261|
|4th||June 7, 1970||4-0||Mexico - El Salvador||Group game||103.058|
|5.||June 10, 1970||2-0||Soviet Union - El Salvador||Group game||89,979|
|6th||June 11, 1970||1-0||Mexico - Belgium||Group game||108.192|
|7th||June 14, 1970||0: 1 a.d.||Soviet Union - Uruguay||Quarter finals||26,085|
|8th.||17th June 1970||4: 3 a.d.||Italy - FR Germany||Semifinals||102,444||Century game|
|9.||June 20, 1970||0: 1||Uruguay - FR Germany||3rd place match||104,403||Highest number of spectators in a game for third place|
|10.||June 21, 1970||4: 1||Brazil - Italy||final||107,412||Brazil becomes world champion for the third time|
|11.||May 31, 1986||1: 1||Bulgaria - Italy||Opening game||96,000|
|12.||June 3, 1986||1: 2||Belgium - Mexico||Group game||110,000|
|13.||June 7, 1986||1: 1||Mexico - Paraguay||Group game||114,600||Highest number of spectators in a group game|
|14th||June 11, 1986||0: 1||Iraq - Mexico||Group game||103,763|
|15th||June 15, 1986||2-0||Mexico - Bulgaria||Round of 16||114,580||Highest number of spectators in a round of 16|
|16.||June 18, 1986||3-0||England - Paraguay||Round of 16||98,728|
|17th||June 22, 1986||2: 1||Argentina - England||Quarter finals||114,580||Hand of God , Highest number of spectators at a quarter-finals|
|18th||June 25, 1986||2-0||Argentina - Belgium||Semifinals||114,500||Highest number of spectators in a semi-final|
|19th||June 29, 1986||3: 2||Argentina - FR Germany||final||114,600||Argentina becomes world champion for the second time, highest attendance at a final|
A total of 1,917,550 spectators in the Aztec Stadium saw the 19 games (100,924 on average per game). In no World Cup stadium were there more spectators and in none a higher average.
Today the stadium is mainly used by Club América , whose supporters fill the stadium with an average of around 65,000 people during the championship games. On July 27, 2003, the Gold Cup final (the North and Central American championship, comparable to the European Football Championship, etc.) took place in the Aztec Stadium , which the Mexicans won 1-0 against Brazil in extra time.
Occasionally the stadium is used for other mass events such as religious gatherings. On January 25, 1999, Pope John Paul II was visiting the Aztec Stadium during a pastoral trip to America and gave a speech. In the same year, more than 100,000 people gathered there for a solemn hour of prayer to honor Jesus . Concerts like that of the Mexican rock singer Benjamin Anaya (2003), on the other hand, are rather rare at this location. In 2004 the stadium was the setting for the film Matando Cabos .
On October 2, 2005, the first regular NFL game outside the United States took place in the Aztec Stadium with the American football game between the Arizona Cardinals and the San Francisco 49ers . The game called "Fútbol Americano" ended with 31:14 for the Cardinals , who postponed a home game. The crowd of 103,467 is the largest crowd at a season game of the NFL outside the US to date. For a season preparation game of the NFL in 1994 between the Houston Oilers and the Dallas Cowboys (6-0) even 112,376 spectators gathered in the wide circle. On February 20, 1993, the WBO half welterweight world championship boxing match between the Mexican Julio César Chavez and the American Greg Haugen attracted around 130,000 spectators to the football arena.
The Aztec Stadium has been undergoing extensive renovations since 2016. It is the largest construction work since the stadium was roofed in 1967. The first step in the project was to replace the seating in the stands, which initially reduced the available space from 105,000 to 95,500. With further modifications to the stands, the capacity then fell to around 87,000.
From the beginning of February 2016, the lower standing section of the east stand became a large hospitality area. The second phase began at the end of March 2016, when the western upper tier was converted into a press area in accordance with the requirements of FIFA and the NFL . The stadium also received private boxes .
To the west of the stadium, construction began on a complex called Foro Azteca with 130,000 square meters of retail space , an office building with 20,000 square meters and two hotels . There are also plans to create 2,500 additional parking spaces. The shopping center next to the stadium should be completed by 2019.
- official homepage
- stadionwelt.de: picture gallery
- fifa.com: Estadio Azteca on the website of FIFA (English)
- Aztec Stadium in the Liga MX database (Spanish)
- stadiumdb.com: Estadio Azteca (Coloso de Santa Ursula) (English)
- The game of the final round at the 1950 World Cup, which was decisive for the award of the World Cup title, was watched by 173,850 spectators, according to FIFA. But it wasn't a final game in the real sense.
- Vatican.va: Pastoral trip to America - Address by John Paul II - Aztec Stadium - Monday, January 25, 1999
- usatoday.com: Game report Arizona Cardinals against San Francisco 49ers (English)
- usatoday.com: Mexico gets ready for football, not futbol Article from September 29, 2005 (English)
- articles.latimes.com: 130,000 See Chavez Easily Beat Haugen article from February 21, 1993 (English)
- stadiumdb.com: Mexico: Azteca to lose capacity again Article from April 4, 2016 (English)
- stadionwelt.de: Another downsizing in the Estadio Azteca article from April 5, 2016
- stadiumdb.com: Mexico: Azteca up for revamp, capacity if article from February 22, 2015 (English)
- stadionwelt.de: Less seats in the Estadio Azteca Article from February 23, 2015