Estadio Nacional de Chile
The Estadio Nacional de Chile Julio Martínez Prádanos , or Estadio Nacional de Chile for short , is a football stadium with an athletics facility . It is the national stadium of Chile and is located in the Comuna Ñuñoa in the Chilean capital Santiago de Chile , Región Metropolitana . It is located in a 64 hectare sports complex with several stadiums, including football , tennis and a cycling track .
After the 1973 coup of General Augusto Pinochet , the complex was used as a concentration camp for political prisoners for more than three months . Today the professional team from CF Universidad de Chile and the Chilean national soccer team play in the stadium.
On July 5, 2008, the Estadio Nacional de Chile was officially renamed Estadio Nacional de Chile Julio Martínez Prádanos in honor of the sports journalist Julio Martínez Prádanos, who died on January 2, 2008.
Junta Detention Center
After the coup there were mass arrests of members and sympathizers of the overthrown government, left-wing parties and unions. Public buildings such as stadiums, conference halls and schools have been converted into concentration camps , including the Estadio Nacional , in which more than 40,000 prisoners are said to have been interned. The main stadium was used as a prison for male prisoners, while women were interned in the swimming pool. Changing rooms, toilets and the cycling track were used for interrogation and torture. The Valech Commission published details about this.
Contrary to what is occasionally reported in the German media, Víctor Jara was not killed in the Estadio Nacional , but in the Estadio Chile , which has been named Estadio Víctor Jara since 2004 .
World Cup qualifier against the Soviet Union
The second leg was supposed to take place against the selection of the Soviet Union, but they did not come on the grounds that the stadium was converted into a concentration camp after the coup. The Chileans competed alone on the field on November 21, 1973. The short "game" ended with a 1-0 win for Chile, as there was no opposing team that could have carried out the following kick-off. FIFA later rated the game 2-0 for the South Americans.
On June 15, 2009, the then Chilean President Michelle Bachelet announced that the entire complex with the Estadio Nacional de Chile would be renovated and roofed for 24 billion Chilean Pesos (20 billion of which for the stadium). The renovation project includes the complete roofing of the grandstands. New seating will be installed in the stands. A modern display panel will be installed and the security fences will be removed and replaced with a 2 meter deep and 2.5 meter wide trench. As the stadium is a listed building, the facade remains unchanged.
The venue was closed on August 15, 2009 for construction work. The construction work was carried out in two phases. The roof will be built after the grandstands. Due to the earthquake in Chile in 2010 , the construction of the roof was postponed by the current President Sebastián Piñera for the time being, because the financial means were not available. The stadium itself suffered only minor damage from the earthquake. The venue was reopened in September 2010. However, the planned roof was not realized.
- List of the largest football stadiums in the world
- List of the largest stadiums in the world
- Battle of Santiago
- europlan-online.de: picture gallery
- Estadio Nacional de Chile as a 3D model in SketchUp's 3D warehouse
- stadiumguide.com: data on the stadium (English)
- bcn.cl: Report on the renaming (Spanish)
- ind.cl: Gobierno de Chile, Instituto de Deportes, Recintos Deportivos ( Memento from October 15, 2012 in the Internet Archive )
- Chile-USSR. ( Web video ) In: youtube.com . May 7, 2007, accessed May 5, 2019 .
- Mariann Gibbon: Chile vs. USSR 1973 - The most absurd game in football history. In: spiegel.de . Der Spiegel , March 1, 2007, accessed May 5, 2019 .
- World Cup qualification 1974. In: fifa.com. FIFA , accessed May 5, 2019 .