|Aerial view of the Camp Nou|
|place||Carrer Aristides Maillol 12 08028 Barcelona , Spain
|start of building||March 28, 1954|
|opening||September 24, 1957|
|First game||FC Barcelona - Legia Warsaw 4-2|
Natural turf with synthetic turf fibers used
( hybrid turf )
|costs||288 million pesetas|
|architect||Francesc Mitjans Miró
Josep Soteras Mauri
Lorenzo García Barbón
|Capacity (internat.)||96,636 seats|
|playing area||105 m × 68 m|
The Camp Nou [ came nɔu̯ ] ( Catalan for new field ), also Nou Camp , is a pure football stadium in the Spanish metropolis of Barcelona , Catalonia . It was inaugurated in 1957 and has since been used as the home stadium by FC Barcelona , which previously played at Camp de Les Corts . The venue is classified by UEFA in stadium category 4 and, with a capacity of 99,354 spectators, is the largest pure football stadium in the world and the largest football stadium in Europe . The stadium was opened during the Franco dictatorship under the Spanish name Estadio del Club de Fútbol Barcelona - from 1973 in Catalan Estadi del Futbol Club Barcelona - but has always been known as Camp Nou , as it has been officially called since 2001.
The Spanish league titles of 1948 and 1949 and the commitment of László Kubala prompted the club's management to plan the construction of a new stadium. The capacity of the old stadium, Les Corts , was no longer large enough with 60,000 seats. After more than three years of construction, Camp Nou was officially opened on September 24, 1957. The opening ceremony began with a mass in which George Frideric Handel's Hallelujah was sung in the choir. The stadium was blessed in the name of Saint Mary of Montserrat and the stadium was opened with a game between FC Barcelona and the Polish top club Legia Warsaw . Around 90,000 fans saw the Catalans win 4-2. On the occasion of the stadium opening, the Catalan poet Josep Maria de Sagarra wrote a sonnet called “Blau Grana”, from which Josep Badia and Adolf Cabané composed a stadium anthem. During the opening day performance, 10,000 pigeons were released and 1,800 fans formed a circle to dance the Catalan national dance Sardana . At that time the stadium was also financed by the fan clubs, the so-called " Penyes ". As early as the 1940s, former FC Barcelona players and supporters were organizing these groups, and as the cost of the Nou Camp stadium continued to rise, the Penyes helped fund it.
On the occasion of the soccer world championship held in Spain in 1982 , it was expanded again by an upper tier in 1980 and held 119,000 spectators at that time. However, UEFA safety regulations have reduced the capacity to the current official capacity. In 1994 the lower ranks were expanded.
- 1972: Rangers - FC Dynamo Moscow 3: 2 ( final of the European Cup Winners )
- 1982: FC Barcelona - Standard Liège 2-1 ( final of the European Cup Winners' Cup )
- 1982: Belgium - Argentina 1: 0 ( opening match of the World Cup in Spain )
- 1982: Italy - Poland 2: 0 ( semifinal of the World Cup in Spain )
- 1989: AC Milan - Steaua Bucharest 4: 0 ( final of the European Champions' Cup )
- 1992: Spain - Poland 3: 2 ( finals of the 1992 Olympics )
- 1999: Manchester United - Bayern Munich 2: 1 ( final of the Champions League )
- 2014: FC Barcelona - Celta Vigo 3: 0 (1000th league game of FC Barcelona at the Camp Nou)
- 2016: Final of the French Rugby Union Championship 2015/16 in front of 99,124 spectators (sold out)
As FC Barcelona reported on its website on September 18, 2007, the Camp Nou is to be rebuilt according to plans by the British star architect Norman Foster . The modernization of the arena, which was built in 1957, includes all-round roofing and an increase in capacity from 99,000 to 105,000 spectators and is expected to cost around 600 million euros. The stadium comfort is to be increased and the overall picture beautified. The project has been on hold since 2010 due to the high costs. Club President Sandro Rosell , who included the renovation of the Camp Nou in his election manifesto, declared in December 2010 that the renovation of the Palau Blaugrana sports arena would initially have priority. The project was resumed in January 2014. The renovation work should start in summer 2020 and be completed in 2024.
The plan was to name the stadium after the club's founder, Joan Gamper . However, since he was a supporter of Catalanism , the name was banned by the Franco dictatorship . When it opened in 1957, the club therefore chose the descriptive name “Estadio del Club de Fútbol Barcelona” (Spanish for CF Barcelona stadium ). In the language of the Catalans , however, the Catalan name "Camp Nou" ( new field ) established itself , as the stadium had replaced the Camp de Les Corts as a venue. However, the Catalan language was suppressed and forbidden by the regime. Catalan terms, place names, or even personal names have been Hispanized . In 1941, FC Barcelona had to change its Catalan suffix “Futbol Club” (FC) to the Spanish variant “Club de Fútbol” (CF) and stadiums with the name “Estadi” were renamed “Estadio”.
In 1965, the then Barça President Enric Llaudet let the members vote on the official name - during the dictatorship - with the following result:
- 12,434 votes: "Estadio del Club de Fútbol Barcelona"
- 10,484 votes: "Estadio Barça"
- 8,394 votes: "Estadio Camp Nou"
Despite the election, the stadium continued to be called "Camp Nou". After the club was allowed to use the Catalan addition "Futbol Club" (FC) again from November 8, 1973, the official name of the stadium was also changed to the Catalan version "Estadi del Futbol Club Barcelona".
In July 2001, under President Joan Gaspart , the official name was voted again. This time the club members voted with 68.25 percent for "Camp Nou", whereupon the stadium officially adopted this name.
In April 2020, during the COVID-19 pandemic, FC Barcelona gave up the stadium's naming rights to its own foundation . The foundation aims to find a name sponsor for the 2020/21 season in order to use the proceeds to support research projects against the virus infection COVID-19 worldwide .
With a capacity of 99,354 seats, the Camp Nou in front of London's Wembley Stadium (90,000) is the largest football stadium in Europe . Behind the May Day Stadium ( Pyongyang , North Korea ) and the Melbourne Cricket Ground (100,000; Melbourne , Australia ), it is the third largest football stadium in the world . Since the May Day Stadium has an athletics facility and the Melbourne Cricket Ground contains a cricket field that is also used for football matches, the Camp Nou is the largest football stadium in the world. In April 2020, the Chinese first division team Guangzhou Evergrande started construction of the world's largest pure football stadium, which has 100,000 seats and is due to be completed in 2024.
Near the Camp Nou was the Mini Estadi , which was demolished in 2019 and was built in 1982 and served as the home stadium for the reserve team until the Estadi was built by Johan Cruyff . The area also includes a ball game hall, the Palau Blaugrana , for the basketball , handball , futsal and roller hockey sections , as well as an ice rink.
The so-called La Masia , an 18th century farmhouse, is right next to the stadium. Between 1979 and 2011 it hosted the FC Barcelona's youth academy.
The FC Barcelona Museum is integrated in the stadium . The museum is visited by over 1.2 million visitors annually. There is also a Catholic chapel in the stadium , in which the players can pray in front of a black Madonna on match days.
To get a season ticket for Camp Nou, you have to be a member of the association and put on a waiting list. FC Barcelona has over 170,000 paying members, 9,500 of which were on this list in October 2010. Since approx. 225 places become free every year, the estimated waiting time is 42 years.
The stadium can be visited. The stadium tour, the so-called "Camp Nou Experience", begins in the club museum and then leads through different areas of the stadium.
Barcelona's ultras, the Boixos Nois (' Boxwood Boys'), have been officially banned from the stadium since 2003.
On November 17, 1982 Pope John Paul II visited the Camp Nou and preached to 120,000 believers. He was offered a membership in FC Barcelona.
- Camp Nou: A five star stadium and the history on the website of FC Barcelona (English)
- German-language website for Camp Nou
- Camp Nou on StadiumGuide.com
- Camp Nou on Stadiumdb.com
- Extensive picture gallery
- Camp Nou - inauguration documents
- CampNou.de - German language website for Camp Nou
- stadionwelt.de: Hybrid turf in the Camp Nou article from July 27, 2016
- ESP 288 million from September 24, 1957 (opening day) corresponds to ESP 13,245 million adjusted for inflation as of January 1, 2017 and thus EUR 79.6 million (according to the inflation calculator on fxtop.com ).
- Expansion for 250 million euros: The Nou Camp should shine again. (No longer available online.) In: RP online. Rheinische Post , September 27, 2007, formerly in the original ; Retrieved July 16, 2010 . ( Page no longer available , search in web archives ) Info: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- The new Camp Nou. (No longer available online.) In: FCBarcelona.cat. Archived from the original on July 16, 2010 ; accessed on July 16, 2010 (English). Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Picture gallery on www.FCBarcelona.cat ( Memento of the original from October 25, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- Rosell PLANEA un hotel junto al estadio del FC Barcelona. In: Expansión.com. Expansión , May 13, 2010, accessed July 16, 2010 (Spanish).
- Rosell asegura que su mejor decisión como presidente ha sido vender a Ibrahimovic , elconfidencial.com
- A new stadium built on the same structure , fcbarcelona.com, January 19, 2014, accessed April 21, 2020.
- Barcelona estimate New Camp Nou completion in 2024 , marca.com, September 23, 2019, accessed April 21, 2020.
- El Barça vivirá su primer referéndum total , mundodeportivo.com, accessed on April 22, 2020.
- UN CAMPO. SIN NOMBRE PROPIO , In: Club magazine of FC Barcelona from April 2006, p. 16, PDF (7.4 MB).
- FC Barcelona hands over Camp Nou title rights to the Foundation to raise money for the fight against Covid-19 , fcbarcelona.com, April 21, 2020, accessed on April 21, 2020.
- Chinese champions build the world's largest pure football arena , kicker.de, April 20, 2020, accessed on April 22, 2020.
- visitors to the FC Barcelona Museum. Retrieved November 8, 2019 .
- FC Barcelona is officially a closed society ( Memento of the original from August 26, 2011 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was automatically inserted and not yet checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. , Football Marketing
- Phil Ball: Morbo. The Story of Spanish Football . WSC Books Limited, London 2003, ISBN 0-9540134-6-8 , pp. 112 (English).
- Espanyol blame Barca players for inciting violence. In: soccernet.espn.go.com. ESPN , September 29, 2008, accessed September 17, 2010 .
- When the fan club was founded, a translation error was made, so that the planned 'Crazy Boys' (in Catalan correctly 'Boigos Nois') became the Boxwood Boys (in Catalan 'Boixos Nois').