|Area :||55.84 km²|
|Geographic location :|
|Residents :||3336 (Dec. 31, 2016)|
|Postal code :||46-057, 46-058, 47-110|
|Telephone code :||(+48) 77|
|License plate :||EAST|
|Economy and Transport|
|Street :||Zawadzkie - Ozimek|
|Rail route :||Zawadzkie – Opole|
|Next international airport :||Katowice|
Colonnowska ( Polish Kolonowskie ) is a town in the southern part of Poland belonging to the powiat Strzelecki of the Opole Voivodeship with about 3300 inhabitants . It is the seat of the town-and-country municipality of the same name with around 5900 inhabitants.
Colonnowska is located in Upper Silesia and near the border with the Silesian Voivodeship. The city is located around 30 kilometers east of Opole and 65 kilometers northwest of Kattowitz / Katowice on the Malapane .
- Fosowskie ( Vossowska ), part of Colonnowska since 1973.
The first records of the places Groß and Klein Stanisch come from the 14th century. After Stanisch came into the possession of Count Colonna on Groß Strehlitz , blast furnaces were built in the wooded area on the Malapane to process the large quantities of turf iron stone stored there . After the village of Carmerau had been founded in 1773, a workers' settlement was built around the ironworks built by Count Philipp Colonna on the Malapane in 1780 , which was named Colonowska in 1796. The Malapane was used to operate the iron hammers, its water was led through a sluice in an eight kilometer long hut canal from Zawadzki directly to the huts in Colonowska and Vossowska . The products were driven to Deschowitz and transported there on the Oder. Colonna had the second blast furnace built in 1805.
After Colonna's death Count Andreas Renard inherited the estate and the hut. Under him, the hut was further enlarged and in 1836 the Renardchaussee was built between Oppeln , Colonowska and Peiskretscham , which served to better remove the iron. Nevertheless, from the middle of the 19th century, Colonowska sank behind Zawadzki as an ironworks location.
In 1885 Colonowska had 341 inhabitants.
The smelter was shut down in 1921, and the foundry with 180 workers also went bankrupt in 1926.
In the referendum in Upper Silesia on March 20, 1921, 799 eligible voters voted to remain with Germany and 491 for Poland. Kolonnowska remained with the German Empire . In 1933 there were 3249 inhabitants. On July 3, 1936, the place was renamed Grafenweiler in the course of a wave of renaming in Silesia during National Socialism . In 1939 the place had 3291 inhabitants. Until 1945 the place was in the district of Groß Strehlitz . Kolonnowska was a Protestant diaspora until 1945 .
In 1945 the previously German town came to Poland , was renamed Kolonowskie and joined the Silesian Voivodeship. Part of the population was displaced , but part of the population escaped displacement, which means that there is still a large proportion of local residents in the village today. In 1950 the place came to the Opole Voivodeship . In 1973 the neighboring village of Fosowskie (Vossowska) was incorporated and Kolonowskie, which had been a town-like settlement since 1956, was given town rights.
In 1999 the place came to the re-established Powiat Strzelecki . On September 22, 2006, German was introduced as the second official language in the municipality of Colonnowska, and on November 14, 2008 the place was also given the official German place name Colonnowska . In January 2011 the bilingual place-name signs were put up in the Colonnowska community.
The woodworking industry is still based in Colonnowska, the cardboard box factory Packprofil is the largest employer in the city. In recent years, the city has been increasingly promoting it as a resort.
Etymology of the city name
The place was named after Philipp Graf Colonna. The place name consists of the name Colonna and like the names of the former neighboring villages Vossowska and Harraschowska from the feminine suffix -owska. The oldest form of the place name was Colonowska, which, in contrast to the namesake, was written in simplified form with an L. At the end of the 19th century, the place name changed to Kolonnowska. This form existed until 1936 when the place was renamed Grafenweiler. The new name with the suffix -weiler , like the old name, probably referred to Count Colonna.
After 1945 the place received the Polish name Kolonowskie with the neutral Polish suffix -owskie.
While the last form of the German name was written with K before 1936, the city was given the German name Colonnowska with C in November 2008, making this form closest to the name of the namesake Colonna.
In the area of today's Colonnowska, the places Bendawitz (from September 4, 1936 Malapanestrasse), Brzinitzka (from September 4, 1936 Feldstrasse), Harraschowska (from September 4, 1936 Feldstrasse), Kowolowska (later blacksmith's works), Renardshütte, Rogolowa were located / Rogolowietz, Schroll and Vossowska (from 1936 Vosswalde).
Population / nationalities
According to the census carried out in the same year, there were 6582 inhabitants in the municipality of Colonnowska in 2002. Of these, 3370 inhabitants (51.2%) stated their Polish nationality. 3203 people (48.7%) stated another nationality. Including: 2836 inhabitants (43.1%) with German nationality and 358 (5.4%) with the unrecognized "Silesian" nationality. 0.1% of the population (9 inhabitants) did not state any nationality in the survey.
The city is located on the Tarnowskie – Opole / Tarnowskie Góry – Opole railway , in the district of Fosowskie there is a junction station where the Kielce – Fosowskie railway meets the Tarnowskie – Opole railway. In the past, the station was also served on the Kędzierzyn-Koźle-Kluczbork line and on the Kleinbahn AG Guttentag-Vosswalde .
Through the partnership with Wolfsgraben Colonnowska also became interested in climate protection. In 2010 she was officially accepted into the group of the Lower Austrian Climate Alliance communities, in which other places in Upper Silesia have shown interest in the meantime.
In addition to the town of Colonnowska, the town-and-country municipality (gmina miejsko-wiejska) includes three villages, including Staniszcze Wielkie, the former seat of the municipality (1945–1950).
- See results of the referendum in Upper Silesia of 1921 ( Memento from January 21, 2017 in the Internet Archive )
- NTO.pl: dwujęzyczne tablice Stanely w Kolonowskiem
- In the footsteps of the Counts of Völs-Colonna in Upper Silesia. In: Völser Zeitung, Nov./Dec. 2005, p. 16 (PDF; 1.2 MB)
- Community partnership with Kolonowskie ( Memento of the original from October 10, 2007 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. Retrieved April 24, 2010