Bouches-de-l'Yssel department

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Map of the departments in today's Benelux region

The department of Bouches-de-l'Yssel ( German  department of IJsselmündungen ; Dutch Departement van de moons van de IJssel ) was a 1811 to 1813 the French state belonging department . It was named after the mouth of the IJssel . This department is not to be confused with the Département de l´Yssel-Supérieur ( Department of Oberijssel ).


Before 1790 the area of ​​the department belonged to the historical province of Overijssel of the Republic of the United Netherlands . In connection with the Revolution in France (1789) and the First Revolutionary War (1792–1797), the Batavian Republic was established in the northern Netherlands in 1795 . In 1806 this became part of the Kingdom of Holland , which was ruled by Napoleon's brother Louis Bonaparte . After Louis abdicated in July 1810 , the territory was incorporated into the French Empire .

On January 1, 1811, the previous Dutch departments were reorganized and brought into line with the French administrative structure. For the department of the IJssel estuaries there was no change in terms of the administrative area, it corresponded to that of the previous Dutch department of Overijssel . In contrast, the new department of the Ober-IJssel was formed from parts of the previous department of Geldern .

Temporarily, from 1 January to 27 April 1811 and the earlier to was Grand Duchy of Berg belonging Arrondissement Coesfeld ( Department of Ems ) under the new name Arrondissement Steinfurt affiliated with the Department of IJsselmündungen, and then joined the newly formed department de la Lippe .

According to the French administrative structure, the department was subdivided into arrondissements , cantons and communes. The cantons were also district courts of justice .

After Napoleon's defeat in the Battle of Leipzig (October 1813), the country came into the possession of William of Orange-Nassau in December 1813 . Due to the agreements made at the Congress of Vienna (June 1815), the area can become the new Kingdom of the Netherlands . In August 1815 this was divided into provinces, from the department of the mouths of the IJssel the today's province of Overijssel emerged .


The main town ( chef-lieu ) of the department or seat of the prefecture was the city of Zwolle . It was divided into three arrondissements and 15 cantons :

Arrondissement Main towns in the cantons, seat of the courts of justice
Zwolle Hasselt , Kampen , Steenwijk , Vollenhove , Zwolle
Almelo Almelo , Delden , Enschede , Goor , Oldenzaal , Ootmarsum
Deventer Deventer , Hardenberg , Ommen , Raalte
From January to April 1811:
Steinfurt Bentheim , Billerbeck , Coesfeld , Ochtrup , Rheine , Steinfurt

The department had an area of ​​1,450 square kilometers and in 1812 a total of 145,000 inhabitants.

See also

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Friedrich Justin Bertuch : General geographical ephemeris , Volume 33, Leipzig: Verlag des Landes-Industrie-Comptoirs, 1810, p. 205 ( Google Books )
  2. Peter Adolph Winkopp : Der Rheinische Bund: a journal with historical-political-statistical-geographical content , Volume 20, 1811, p. 248 ( Google Books )
  3. ^ Albrecht Friedrich Ludolph Lasius : The French Kayser State under the government of the Kayser Napoleon the Great in 1812 . A Geographical-Historical Manual, First Department, Osnabrück: Johann Gottfried Kißling, 1813, p. 128 ( Google Books )
  4. a b Almanach Impérial 1812 , Paris, p. 382 ( Bibliothèque nationale de France )