Dissen (Gudensberg)

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City of Gudensberg
Coordinates: 51 ° 11 ′ 41 ″  N , 9 ° 24 ′ 18 ″  E
Height : 228  (198-238)  m above sea level NHN
Area : 6.1 km²
Residents : 700 (approx.)
Population density : 115 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation : December 31, 1971
Postal code : 34281
Area code : 05603
Dissolve from above

Dissen is the northernmost district of the small town of Gudensberg in the north Hessian Schwalm-Eder district and in the historic Chatten gau.

Geographical location

View from the Odenberg to the Scharfenstein

Dissen lies between its landmark, the widely visible Scharfenstein ( 304  m above sea  level ) in the west-southwest and the Neuselsberg ( 247.7  m above sea level ) in the northeast. The neighboring towns, starting clockwise in the northeast, are Haldorf , Wolfershausen , Deute , Gudensberg , Besse and Holzhausen .

A small stream, the Riedgraben, rises in the village and flows east-southeast over the small Sommerbach into the nearby Eder , which flows a little further north into the Fulda .

To the north of Dissen, from the federal motorway 49 , which passes to the west of the village, at the Felsberg junction, the federal road 254 to the east branches off to the south, from which one can get to the village. District road  90 runs through the village .


Dissen was first mentioned in a document as Dusinum in County Maden in 1061 . The noble Irmfrid gave goods to Dissen to the abbot Widerad von Fulda and received them back as a fief . Archbishop Siegfried I of Mainz confirmed possessions of Hasungen Monastery in Dissen in 1081 . From 1209 to around 1450, the St. Petri-Stift in Fritzlar had tithe income in Dissen. In 1298 the Breitenau monastery received two Hufen land in Dissen from the von Berninghausen brothers. In 1319 the monastery received further possessions from those of Besse. In 1324 Landgrave Otto I enfeoffed the Lords of Elben after the Gudenberg brothers with Allod zu Dissen. In 1335 the von Gudenberg brothers donated an allod to Dietrich von Elben with the permission of the landgrave. In 1357 the von Böddiger donated their goods in Kirch-Dissen to the Cistercian nuns - Nordshausen Monastery .

Dissen included unsavory dissidents and middle dissidents , places that fell desolate in the Middle Ages and remains of which were found during excavations around 1880. Another deserted area in the district of Dissen, Stockhausen , was located north of today's village.

Stagecoach station and train station

In 1805 the Electorate of Hessen-Kassel opened a post line from Kassel to Fritzlar , and a post coach station was set up in Dissen , where horses were changed and mail sorted and where mail travelers could begin or end their journey. The end of the post office came around 1850 with the commissioning of the Main-Weser railway line Kassel - Frankfurt (Main) . Today the former station is privately owned; it still bears the name “Posthof”.

In 1899, Dissen received a station on the newly opened Grifte – Gudensberg line , a 7.72 kilometer long line that led from Grifte on the Main-Weser Railway to Gudensberg and ended there. This railway operation was discontinued in 1979.


The historic center with numerous well-preserved half-timbered houses is decisive for the village.

The Gothic defensive tower of the church , built in the 15th century, is visible from afar. The nave is octagonal on the outside and oval on the inside. From 1439 the church belonged to the Breitenau monastery . The weather vane dates from 1740. There was probably a previous church as early as the 12th century, as indicated by a head of Christ carved out of sandstone , which was found in the outer masonry during restorations at the end of the 1960s. It could have served as a keystone in the previous church.


Sights in and near Dissen include the historic town center:



  • Heinrich Hördemann: Dissen: declaration of love to a Hessian village. For the 950th anniversary of Dissen. Edited by Heimatverein Dissen, Dissen, 2011
  • Heinrich Grunewald: Chronicle of the community Dissen, district Fritzlar. In: Association for Hessian History and Regional Studies: Messages to the members of the Association for Hessian History and Regional Studies , born in 1901, Kassel, 1903, pp. 54-69 ( excerpts from google books )
  • Josef Mertin: Dusinum - once / Dissen - now; The story of a village. For the 925th anniversary of Dissen. Heimatverein Dissen, Fritzlar, 1985

Individual evidence

  1. "Dissen (Church Dissen), Schwalm-Eder-Kreis". Historical local lexicon for Hesse (as of November 4, 2010). In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS). Hessian State Office for Historical Cultural Studies (HLGL), accessed on December 6, 2011 .
  2. ^ Location on the website of the city of Gudensberg , accessed in January 2016
  3. Stockhausen desert to "Electorate Hesse 1840–1861 - 22nd Besse". Historical maps. In: Landesgeschichtliches Informationssystem Hessen (LAGIS).
  4. Church in Dissen  ( page no longer available , search in web archivesInfo: The link was automatically marked as defective. Please check the link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.@1@ 2Template: Toter Link / www.1stcellmedia.de  

Web links