City of Heinsberg
|Height :||52 m above sea level NN|
|Area :||6.9 km²|
|Incorporation :||1st January 1969|
|Incorporated into:||Oberbruch Dremmen|
|Postcodes :||52525, 5138|
|Area code :||02452|
Dremmen has been a district of the district town of Heinsberg in the Heinsberg district since 1972 and is located in the administrative district of Cologne in the state of North Rhine-Westphalia . The districts of Herb and Boverath belong to Dremmen.
Located on the edge of the Rur Valley, Dremmen is more hilly than other surrounding towns. Meadows, fields and wooded areas shape the landscape. Sand is mined in some places and gravel towards the Rur .
As the largest river in the Heinsberg district, the Rur flows past Dremmen not far from Bleckden. You can still see or feel the frequent Rur floods even in Oberbruch. The river Wurm borders Dremmen in the northeast near the industrial area towards Hückelhoven. The small watercourse coming from Geilenkirchen-Rischden runs underground in the place today.
In Herb there is a pond of the missing Herber Schlösschen.
In the Middle Ages a mill ditch was dug, which branched off from the Wurm at Randerath . It flowed on the edge of the Wurm and Rur valleys via Horst, Porselen , Dremmen and Schafhausen and drove numerous water mills. In the urban area of Heinsberg it was destroyed in the Second World War (January 1945: Operation Blackcock ) and later not restored in the course of electrification. This canal also made it possible or easier to irrigate agricultural areas.
The history of the parish of St. Lambertus can be traced back to the 8th century. The wooden church at that time probably burned out towards the end of the 9th century. In 10./11. In the 19th century a small stone church was built on the same site . In 1201 the name of the oldest known pastor of Dremmen appears in the files: "Nykolaus pastor in drumme". The hall church was rebuilt and expanded several times (Gothic choir additions, side aisles, Gothic brick tower 1515). In 1716 it burned down completely; after 1721 a new one was built. From 1760 the church appeared too small; At the beginning of the 19th century ( French times ) it was considered dilapidated. In 1834 the nave was demolished (the tower remained standing) and a three-aisled room was built in the classical style; It was inaugurated in 1835. The altar and the modern Way of the Cross are from 1981, the large mural in the choir from 1993. The organ front is from 1836; it houses a post-war organ with two manuals and 24 registers . In the tower hang five bells from 1953 with the chimes b0 - c '- es' - f '- g'.
The Heinsberg – Lindern (" Wurmtalbahn ") railway, built in 1890, also runs past Dremmen. The station there was closed after passenger traffic was closed in 1980.
In October 2007 the town center in front of the church was redesigned. Sidewalks were widened, streets became narrower and road connections were changed. Pedestrian areas were paved decoratively and separated from the roadway by green spaces and small walls. There is outdoor dining; the center is also called " Piazza ".
Dremmen has been connected to the rail network again since 2013.
There is a weekly market in Dremmen on Wednesdays.
Culture and sights
- Parish Church of St. Lambertus
- Marienkloster with Mariengrotto, chapel and park with fish pond
- Jägerstrasse with old farmhouses
- Valley mill
- Herber chapel
see also the list of architectural monuments in Heinsberg (location "Dremmen")
- Schusterdenkmal (bronze figure)
- Stele with the coat of arms of the Dremmen court from 1559
- Old millstone of the Lieck / Heitzer mill
- Millstones of the old valley mill
- Peace Cross from 1947
- Holy House in the Canal (near Boverath)
Infrastructure and economy
At the beginning of the 17th century, education in Dremmen was still closely linked to the local clergy. On October 10, 1659, the “Reverendus Dominus”, the “Venerable and woolly learned gentleman” and “Custode et Ludimagister” (sexton and teacher) Peter Buchels was buried in Dremmen. The following list shows the oldest known teachers and sextons from Dremmen:
- ? - 1623 Johannes Tonsorius (last name also: Rule)
- 1623 - 1659 Peter Buchels (last name also: Gladbach, after his place of origin) was born around 1590 in "Gladbach" and buried on November 10, 1659 in Dremmen. He married Elisabeth Geisen from Randerath.
- 1659 - 1673 Wilhelm Buchels , a son of Peter Buchel, was born in Dremmen before 1637 and died on September 13, 1673. He married Agnes Richter from Dremmen on October 9, 1657.
After that the office of clergyman and secular teacher was shared. This is the consequence of the other schoolmasters from Dremmen:
- 1673 - 1703/04 Peter Buchels the Younger, a son of Wilhelm Büchel. Peter Buchels the Younger was baptized on July 14, 1658 in Dremmen and died in 1703 or 1704. He married Margaretha Meybaum from Dremmen on October 30, 1680.
- 1703/04 - 1724 Johann Wilhelm Jansen
- 1724 - 1758 Johann Jakob Faßbender (died at the age of 32)
- 1758 - 1797 Peter Vordichs
In the former Marienkloster there used to be a kindergarten. Today this is next to the "new elementary school". The old elementary school - elementary school - was on today's fairground; it was canceled after the end of the war.
Marienschule * family and children's center * parish center * shop * bakery * ice cream parlor * kiosk * gas station * bicycle shop * sports facilities * train stop * bus stop * post office * old people's home * sewage treatment plant * recycling center
Church choir * music association * men's choir * carnival society * sports club TuS Rheinland * St. Sebastianus-Schützen * volunteer fire brigade * women's community * tennis club * home friends * drummers and whistle corps * theater group * dance sport club Ars Vivendi eV
The bus lines 402 and 475 run through Dremmen, which connect Dremmen with Heinsberg, Geilenkirchen-Lindern, Erkelenz and Hückelhoven on different routes.
Dremmen is on the Aachen-Heinsberg railway line. This is operated by the regional train line RB33 Rhein-Niers-Bahn . Coming from Mönchengladbach, the passenger has to change trains in Geilenkirchen-Lindern to get to Dremmen. The station building of the former Dremmen station of the former German Federal Railroad is empty and is currently being demolished in order to build something new there.
There were two mills in the village. The Liecker mill was demolished a few years ago in favor of a new building area. There were shoe and basket makers in Dremmen early on. The mom and pop shops gradually closed; opened a supermarket. Since spring 2015 there has been a weekly market in Dremmen on the forecourt of the multi-purpose hall every Wednesday.
A commercial area with its own connection to the BAB 46 was created. After the connection to the Heinsberg-Lindern railway line in 1890, there was an economic boom. In 1980 the regular passenger traffic was stopped. In 2013 the railway line was reactivated.
The Dremmen industrial and commercial area is one of the largest in the city and district; it was last expanded in 2013 ( Düsseldorfer Strasse ). Dremmen has a hotel and a guest house.
Numerous own associations form the core of the cultural life of the place. The multi-purpose hall, the Waidbergplatz and the Kirmesplatz with the marquee and the parish center are available for large celebrations. Big celebrations often take place in the rooms of the local dance school. There is also a concert café in town, where weekly jazz and blues concerts take place. The two old Dremmen cinemas are closed.
Dremmen is known for its (street) carnival. In addition to the Indian meeting, the Rose Monday procession is particularly well known beyond the district's borders. The carnival disco parties and the Cologne evenings attract young and old from near and far.
In addition to the Whitsun and the late fair, there is even more celebrations in Dremmen. So z. B. the parish festival, summer festivals of the fire brigade, the Marienkloster and the kindergarten, the Martinsfest with Martinsfeuer.
Every year members of the parish of St. Lambertus Dremmen make a pilgrimage to Kevelaer in the Lower Rhine region.
The footballers of TuS Rheinland Dremmen 1909 e. V. play in the district league and play the home games in the Rheinlandkampfbahn. There is also an ash court, a football field, tennis courts, a multi-purpose hall, two bowling facilities, an inline hangover area, a teaching pool and a street basketball court.
In addition to soccer, TuS Rheinland also offers tennis, athletics, gymnastics, ju-jutsu and swimming. The Auto-Conen tournament takes place every year, and football teams up to the top league are represented. In addition, the TuS organizes the youth sports week.
Two large dance tournaments take place in the Ars Vivendi dance school every year, including the official "DAT State Championships NRW".
- Theodor Esser (1899–1977), member of the Landtag born in Dremmen
- Natalie Diart (* 1966), internationally renowned classical singer
- Website of the city of Heinsberg
- Monuments in the city of Heinsberg
- Churches and chapels in the city of Heinsberg
Leo Gillessen, the former director of the Heinsberg District Museum, has written several books about Dremmen, so only a selection is made here.
- Leo Gillessen (arr.): The chronicles of the mayor's offices Dremmen u. Oberbruch 1823–1937. Aachen 1998, ISBN 3-89653-374-6 .
- Leo Gillessen: Dialect in Heinsberger Land. Dremmen dictionary . In: Rhenish dialects. Volume 11. Rheinland-Verlag, Cologne 1999, ISBN 3-7927-1739-5 .
- Leo Gillessen: Looking back on a millennium. Basics of the local history of Dremmen, Eschweiler, Horst, Hülhoven, Oberbruch, Porselen and Uetterath. Aachen 2002, ISBN 3-89653-913-2 .
- Altar created by Rudolf Peer, Kreuzweg by Klaus Iserlohe
- Martin Bünermann: The communities of the first reorganization program in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1970, p. 73 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 310 .