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Zakia Khattabi and Patrick Dupriez
Party leader Zakia Khattabi , Jean-Marc Nollet
founding 1980
Headquarters ECOLO
Secrétariat fédéral
52 avenue de Marlagne
5000 Namur
Alignment Green politics
Left politics
Colours) green
Belgian Chamber of Deputies
DG Parliament
Walloon Parliament
Brussels Parliament
International connections Global Greens
European party EGP
EP Group Greens / EFA

Ecolo ( Apronym for Écologistes confédérés pour l'organization de Luttes original ) is a Founded in 1980 Francophone party in Belgium with ecological principles in Wallonia , in the German eastern Belgium and Brussels compete. The Flemish sister party is called Groen .


Nat. Parliamentary elections percent Mandates
1978 1.2% 0
1981 2.2% 2
1985 2.5% 5
1987 2.6% 3
1991 5.1% 10
1995 4% 6th
1999 7.4% 11
2003 3.1% 4th
2007 5.1% 8th
2010 4.8% 8th
2014 4.3% 6th
2019 6.1% 13

The Ecolo party was founded in 1980. She moved in the Belgian parliamentary elections on November 8, 1981 with two members, the founding members Olivier Deleuze and José Daras , in the Belgian Chamber of Deputies .
It was one of the first green parties in Europe to win a national parliamentary election.

In the elections of June 13, 1999 , the Greens received more votes in most electoral cantons than in the previous elections (from around 5–10% to 15–20%). The factor behind this is the emotional crisis that arose during the Dutroux affair and the dioxin crisis .

The Liberals and Socialists invited them to co-government for the 1999-2003 legislative period ( Verhofstadt I cabinet ). In this coalition, known as the “Rainbow Coalition”, Ecolo received the post of Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Transport and Transport ( Isabelle Durant ) as well as the post of State Secretary for Energy (with Olivier Deleuze) at the federal level .

In the Walloon Region, Thierry Detienne became Minister for Social Affairs and Health and José Daras became Vice-President of the Walloon Government, Minister for Transport, Transport and Energy. For the French Community of Belgium , Jean-Marc Nollet became Minister of Education and Nicole Maréchal Minister for Youth and Health. For the German-speaking Community of Belgium was Hans Niessen Minister of Youth, Family, culture and society.

In the local and regional elections of October 2000, Ecolo also got good results.

Ecolo stayed in government until May 5, 2003, when Isabelle Durant refused to sign an agreement. Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt relieved her of her duties and reassigned her to another minister ( Laurette Onkelinx ). Therefore, Isabelle Durant and Olivier Deleuze resigned from their offices.

In the elections on May 18, 2003 , Ecolo received just 3.2% of the vote. In surveys in December 2003, they performed similarly poorly. In the June 10, 2007 elections , they received 5.98% of the vote and had eight MPs. Your Flemish sister party Groen! managed to get back into parliament and put four MPs; the common group had 12 MPs.

The period from mid-2007 to the end of 2011 is considered a critical phase in Belgian politics: the Leterme I government only served from March to December 2008, the Van Rompuy government only eleven months, the Leterme II government only five months (and thereafter 540 days as an executive) . Even after the early parliamentary elections on June 13, 2010 (in which Ecolo received 4.8% of the vote), there was no stable government for a year and a half.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. see also en: 2007–11 Belgian political crisis