|founding||June 23, 1983|
|Headquarters||3, rue du Fossé
|Parliament seats||9 of 60 ( Chambre des Députés , 2018)|
|International connections||Global Greens|
|MEPs||1 of 6 ( 2019 )|
|EP Group||Greens / EFA|
The party congress is the highest organ of the Green Party in Luxembourg; it defines strategies and guidelines for the party. The Congress, which is open to all members, elects the governing bodies of the party every two years. These include the two party spokesmen elected on par , the executive committee, the party committee, in which the youth organization déi jonk gréng and the gender council are also represented, as well as the treasurer, the financial control committee and the executive council, which represents the Congress.
The Luxembourg Greens, like most of their European sister parties, emerged from the anti-nuclear and peace movements. Committed people who had previously protested violently against the construction of the Remerschen nuclear power plant and the rearmament efforts of NATO and Warsaw Pact states finally came together in 1983 to form the Gréng Alternative Party (GAP) .
The members of the first hour also came primarily from nature conservation - and feminism -, but also from Christian movements and associations to support developing countries . In addition, disappointed members of the LSAP (e.g. Jean Huss ) or left- wing extremist groups were among the first members of the green party . Regardless of this, there was also a somewhat more liberal wing headed by Jup Weber , who preferred to put the party's weight only on nature and environmental protection.
One year after it was founded, the Greens immediately succeeded in sending two of the 64 MPs to the Luxembourg Parliament in the 1984 Luxembourg parliamentary elections . The first two green representatives were called Jup Weber and Jean Huss . However, due to differences of opinion, the party split into two separate parties in 1985: The Gréng Alternative Party (GAP) and the Gréng Lëscht Ekologesch Initiativ (GLEI). In the parliamentary elections in 1989, both parties ran their own lists and each won two seats.
1994 until today
In 1994 both parties ran again with a common list in the parliamentary elections and were able to book five seats for themselves. With almost 11% of all votes, déi gréng became the fourth strongest party in the Luxembourg parliament. In the same year, the party also won one of the six seats in the European Parliament that Luxembourg is entitled to. In 1995 the two green parties were officially reunified, but overshadowed by the loss of the seat in the European Parliament due to the resignation of MEP Jup Weber. If you had to accept a comparatively severe loss in the 1999 National Council elections (it had fallen to 9%), this was offset in 2004 by gaining two additional members.
In the 2009 European elections , the Greens achieved their best result with 16.8% of the valid votes, after they had already achieved double-digit results in the 1999 European elections and the 2004 European elections . In the local elections in 2005 they entered local councils for the first time in many places.
The party was in opposition until the 2013 chamber election . In December 2013 she joined the government after forming a three-party coalition with liberals and social democrats. Since then, the Greens have been represented there with five ministers and one state secretary in the Bettel-Schneider government. Déi Gréng is currently the fourth strongest force in the Luxembourg House of Representatives.
The demand for sustainable development has been one of the cornerstones of déi gréng's policy from the start . In addition, the party primarily deals with issues such as ecological tax reform, renewable energies and their efficiency, social and pension reform . But topics such as gender mainstreaming and civil rights are also becoming increasingly important. Above all, however, the participation and integration of migrants in Luxembourg - which plays a pioneering role in Europe with a 40 percent share of foreigners - are extremely topical.
Other policy areas and subject areas of déi gréng include:
Election results and MPs
|year||Share of votes||Parliament seats||MPs|
Jup Weber (1984-1989)
Jup Weber (1989-1994)
Robert Garcia (1999-2003), Dagmar Reuter-Angelsberg (2003-2004)
|year||Share of votes||Parliament seats|
|1994||10.9%||1 ( Jup Weber )|
|1999||10.7%||1 ( Claude Turmes )|
|2004||15.0%||1 (Claude Turmes)|
|2009||16.8%||1 (Claude Turmes)|
|2014||15.0%||1 (Claude Turmes, 2014-2018, Tilly Metz , 2018-)|
|2019||18.9%||1 (Tilly Metz)|
In the 2011 local elections in Luxembourg, déi gréng won a total of 78 seats.
18 hold the position of lay judge.
There are also three green mayors:
The Greens took part in the Luxembourg government for the first time on December 4, 2013. Together with the liberal DP and the social democratic LSAP , they form a coalition. François Bausch has been sworn in as Minister for Sustainable Development and Infrastructure, Félix Braz as Minister of Justice and Carole Dieschbourg as Minister of the Environment. Carole Dieschbourg and François Bausch were supported by State Secretary Camille Gira until his death in May 2018. Claude Turmes, previously a member of the European Parliament, succeeded Camille Gira on June 20, 2018.
In August 2019, Félix Braz had to leave the government due to a serious heart attack. Culture Minister Sam Tanson took over the office of Justice Minister from September 2019. She handed over her office as housing minister to the deputy and former mayor of Remich, Henri Kox . François Bausch became Vice Prime Minister.
The official youth organization of Déi Gréng are Déi jonk Gréng (German: the young Greens ), which were founded in 1996. The Luxembourg Green Youth is committed to environmental and climate protection , human rights , animal welfare , fair globalization , strong civil rights and progressive social policy. Other topics are the anti-nuclear movement or the rights of minorities (e.g. gays and lesbians). At the moment déi jonk gréng are led by the two speakers Jessie Thill and Meris Sehovic.
- Official website of the Greens
- Youth organization of the Greens
- Election program 2013
- Article about déi jonk gréng
- Pauly, Michel: "25 years déi Greng"; in: Forum No. 273; P. 30ff
- Election program 2013
- Chambre des Députés du Grand-Duché du Luxembourg [Ed.]: La Chambre des Députés. Histoire et Lieux de travail; Luxembourg; May 1994
- Hausemer, Georges [ed.]: Luxemburger Lexikon. The Grand Duchy of AZ; Luxembourg; 2006. ISBN 978-2-87954-156-3 .
- Like Jean Huss and Guy Bock here, some Green MPs subsequently shared their term of office on a rotation principle.
- In the parliamentary elections in Luxembourg in 1989, the Gréng Lëscht Ekologesch Initiative (GLEI) ran against the Gréng Alternative Party (GAP). Both lists won two seats in parliament each.
- In the 1989 European elections in Luxembourg, the Gréng Lëscht Ekologesch Initiative (GLEI) competed against the Gréng Alternative Party (GAP). Both lists won no mandate separately.
- 1995 the then MEP Jup Weber left the party. déi gréng therefore lost the seat they won in 1994 in the European Parliament.
- Election 2011 - Results par commune