Eemil Nestor Setälä

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Eemil Nestor Setälä 1930

Eemil Nestor Setälä , Valtioneuvos (also Emil Nestor Setälä , born February 27, 1864 in Kokemäki , † February 8, 1935 in Helsinki ) was a Finnish linguist and politician . From September to November 1917 he was the President of the Finnish Senate, making him the author of the Finnish Declaration of Independence .


Setälä wrote a Finnish syntax (1880) as a schoolboy, which was reissued long after his death and was a standard work. Even if the work was later brought into the vicinity of the suspicion of plagiarism, its effect on fenistics remains undisputed. From 1893 to 1929 Setälä was Professor of Finnish Language and Literature at the University of Helsinki . He had a significant influence on the study of the Finnish language. He was the founder of the research institute Suomen suku ("The family of the Finnish language"). In 1901 he designed the draft version of the Ural Phonetic Alphabet (UPA). In 1921 he was elected a corresponding member of the Göttingen Academy of Sciences . In 1932 he was accepted as a corresponding member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences .


Eemil Nestor Setälä

As a politician, he was elected several times for the Young Finland Party and later for the National Assembly Party in parliament. For a short time during the end of the First World War he acted as President of the Senate as the de facto head of state. He was later Minister of Education (1925) and Foreign Minister (1925–1926). 1927–1930 he was Finland's ambassador to Denmark and Hungary .

Selected bibliography

  • Suomen keel lice oppi. Helsinki: Holm 1880. 54 pp.
  • Lisiä suomalais-ugrilaisen kielentutkimuksen historiaan, in: Suomi 3,5, pp. 181-350.
  • On the origin and chronology of the older Germanic loanwords in the Baltic Finnish languages, in: Journal der la Société Fnno-Ougrienne 23 (1906), 1, pp. 1-50.
  • Bibliographical index of the older Germanic components dealt with in the literature in the Baltic Sea Finnish languages, in: Finnisch-Uugrische Forschungen 13 (1913), pp. 345–475.
  • Suomensukuisten kansojen esihistoria, in: Suomen suku I. Helsinki: Otava 1926, pp. 120–189.
  • (together with JH Kala) Näytteitä äänis- ja keskivepsän murteista. Julkaissut ja suomentanut EA Tunkelo apunaan Reino Peltola. Helsinki: Suomalais-ugrilainen seura 1951. 621 pp.
  • (together with Väinö Kyrölä) Näytteitä liivin kielestä. Kerännyt EN Setälä. Suomentanut ja julkaissut Väinö Kyrölä. Helsinki: Suomalais-ugrilainen seura 1953. 530 pp.

Secondary literature

  • Memoria saecularis EN Setälä 27.II.1964. Helsinki: Suomalais-ugrilainen seura 1964.
  • Fred Karlsson : EN Setälä vaarallisilla vesillä. Tieteellisen vallankäytön, käyttäytymisen ja perinteen analyysi. Helsinki: SKS 2000. 309 pp.

Web links

Wikisource: Eemil Nestor Setälä  - Sources and full texts
Commons : Eemil Nestor Setälä  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Castrénin perilliset. Helsingin yliopiston suomen ja sen sukukalten professorit 1851–2001. Toimittaneet Toni Suutari yes Merja Salo. Helsinki: Helsingin yliopiston suomen kielen laitos 2001, p. 72.
  2. See Fred Karlsson: EN Setälä vaarallisilla vesillä. Helsinki: SKS 2000, p. 238.
  3. Finnish-Ugric Researches 1: 36, 1901, on Wikisource
  4. Holger Krahnke: The members of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen 1751-2001 (= Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Philological-Historical Class. Volume 3, Vol. 246 = Treatises of the Academy of Sciences in Göttingen, Mathematical-Physical Class. Episode 3, vol. 50). Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, Göttingen 2001, ISBN 3-525-82516-1 , p. 224.
  5. ^ Members of the previous academies. Eemil Nestor Setälä. Berlin-Brandenburg Academy of Sciences and Humanities , accessed on June 16, 2015 .
  6. Ministerikortisto . Valtioneuvosto (Finnish Government). Archived from the original on July 22, 2011. Retrieved May 28, 2011.