Ernst Ritter von Marx

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Ernst Ritter von Marx (before 1905)

Ernst Ritter von Marx (born March 12, 1869 in Vienna ; † June 1, 1944 in Great Britain ) was Lord Mayor of Homburg vor der Höhe and District Administrator of the Obertaunuskreis . He did valuable work as a local politician and administrative officer in the structural and economic development of the health resort Homburg and the Obertaunus district on the edge of the Rhine-Main area .


Grew up in Frankfurt am Main . After studying law and completing his doctorate , he joined the Prussian civil service as an assessor in the district office of the Obertaunus district in Homburg in front of the height in 1897 . In 1901 he was elected mayor of the district town and from 1902 he held the title of Lord Mayor .

Kaiser Wilhelm II. , Who regularly stayed in the Bad Homburg spa for several weeks a year, appointed him to the district administrator of the Obertaunus district in 1904 . Ritter von Marx held this office until 1921.

In the heyday of what was then the world bath , it promoted new transport routes, the construction of all kinds of public facilities, tourism and the development of building areas for apartments and businesses. These efforts served u. a. the construction of a bridge over the old town of Homburg, which was later called Germany's first “ fly-over ”.

On the other hand he did not succeed in realizing a Taunusrandbahn from Bad Homburg to the west of the Obertaunuskreis and to Wiesbaden . The monorail on the edge of the Taunus did not come about. After the transfer of power to the National Socialists and the onset of the persecution of the Jews, Ritter von Marx had to emigrate to Great Britain in 1935 , where he died in 1944.


In Bad Homburg the "Ritter-von-Marx-Brücke" is named after him.

On June 10, 1908, Philip the Magnanimous was awarded the Cross of Honor of the Hessian Order of Merit .


Ernst Ritter von Marx was the son of Ludwig Friedrich Heinrich (from 1867 Ritter von) Marx (1825–1893) and Mathilde Auguste von Haber von Linsberg (1844–1939). The Bonn- born father was a banker first in Vienna and later in Frankfurt am Main . Ernst Ritter von Marx's parents converted to the Protestant faith when he was baptized . Ernst Ritter von Marx was married to Nelly Lucie Goldschmidt (1874–1957), who came from the German-Jewish banking family Goldschmidt . Ernst Ritter von Marx and his wife had four children.

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Grand Ducal Hessian Government Gazette 1908, Supplement No. 26, p. 227
  2. Kai Dresses: Jüdischer Adel, Campus Verlag, Frankfurt am Main 2013, pp. 110 and 383, ISBN 978-3-593-39775-7
  3. ^ "Ernst Ritter von Marx" on