Constantin von Briesen

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Constantin von Briesen

Constantin Karl Alexander Wilhelm von Briesen (also: Konstantin von Briesen ; * July 15, 1821 in Pritten ( Dramburg district ); † August 9, 1877 in Bad Homburg vor der Höhe ) was a Prussian politician and district administrator of the Merzig-Wadern district and the Obertaunus district and member of the Prussian House of Representatives .


Constantin von Briesen comes from the Prussian-Pomeranian nobility from Briesen . His father was the manor owner Ferdinand Alexander von Briesen (1785–1844), his mother Charlotte Juliane nee von Hermensdorf. He married Countess Seyssel d'Aix, born on April 17, 1852 in Koblenz Maria (born October 30, 1821 in Elberfeld, † July 26, 1900 in Düsseldorf), the daughter of District Administrator Carl Theodor von Seyssel d'Aix and his first wife Ernestine from Crailsheim. Constantin von Briesen was originally a Protestant denomination, but converted to Catholicism in 1847. His wife was an evangelical reformist. They had four children.

Education and life

Constantin von Briesen initially received private lessons and was with the cadet corps in Berlin and Potsdam from the age of 12 to 16. His last military rank was Rittmeister of the Landwehr cavalry . Then he attended the Kölln High School in Berlin. After graduating on September 21, 1839, he studied law at the University of Bonn (enrolled on November 2, 1841), Berlin and Königsberg . On November 18, 1842, he passed the auditor's examination and on December 12, he became an auscultator at the Berlin Court of Appeal .

On October 4, 1844, he became a government trainee with the Potsdam government and on June 11, 1849, he became a government assistant with the Trier government.

District Administrator

Constantin von Briesen was from 1850 (provisional from March 25, 1850, regular from April 4, 1853) to 1866 district administrator of the Merzig-Wadern district in Merzig and moved his residence to Gut Wiesenhof . The Kreissparkasse Merzig was founded during von Briesen's tenure . He resumed the meadow melioration, which had stalled due to the political unrest of 1848, and founded the Kreissparkasse in 1857 with significant help from Mr. Eugen von Boch.

From September 18, 1854 to November 1855, von Briesen was also responsible for the administration of the neighboring Saarburg district .

As part of the annexation of Hessen-Homburg by Prussia , Constantin von Briesen was appointed to Bad Homburg. Even before the peace treaty of September 3, 1866 came into force, Constantin von Briesen was the civil commissioner and was appointed first district administrator by the Prussian Ministry of the Interior when the Obertaunuskreis was founded on February 22, 1867. The official seat and official residence was initially the Landgravial Palace until the District Office was built at Dorotheenstrasse 1 in 1867. The candidacy for the Reichstag of the North German Confederation in 1867 in the domestic Reichstag constituency of Wiesbaden 1 region failed blatantly. Constantin von Briesen received only 0.7% of the vote.

In 1868 Constantin von Briesen was recalled from his post (the reasons given are the wishes of Briesens for a higher salary and the additional task of bathing director) and replaced by Wilhelm von König . Constantin von Briesen was put into temporary retirement. From 1867 Constantin von Briesen was a member of the Prussian House of Representatives in the 10th electoral term. In August 1869 he was appointed to the government council in Düsseldorf . From 1875 to 1876, however, von Briesen was reinstated as district administrator (in the Neuss district ). In 1876 von Briesen then moved back to the office of the district administrator of the Obertaunus district. But his second term in office was also short. On August 9, 1877, he shot himself for private reasons. According to his doctor, he suffered from depression . He was buried in the family grave in Merzig.

His daughter Emie Frederike Carolin Louise (* December 24, 1857 at Gut Wiesenhof near Merzig ; † 1936 in Noordwijk aan Zee ), called Emy, and her mother stayed in Düsseldorf. There Emy von Briesen was a private student of the painter Albert Baur from 1877 to 1882 , followed by studies of animal painting with Emmanuel Frémiet in Paris. She then worked as a painter and writer in Düsseldorf, where she lived with her mother in the Hofgärtnerhaus on Jägerhofstrasse .


He wore the title of a Government Council and a chamberlain .


  • Documented history of the Merzig-Wadern district in the government district of Trier. Saarlouis 1863 (volume 1) and 1867 (volume 2). An unchanged reprint of the 1863 edition was published in 1980 by Queißer Verlag, Dillingen / Saar ( Google Books )


  • Wilhelm Laubenthal : District Administrator Constantin von Briesen. Life and career until May 1868. On the 100th anniversary of his death on August 9, 1977 . In: Heimatbuch des Kreises Merzig-Wadern 1977, pp. 208–223.
  • Saarbrücker Zeitung from 19./20. November 1980, page 19.
  • Wilhelm Laubenthal : Afterword . In: Constantin von Briesen (ed.): Documented history of the Merzig-Wadern district in the Trier government district . Saarlouis 1863, reprint Queißer, Dillingen 1980, ISBN 3-921815-25-8 , pp. 375-387 .
  • Bernhard Mann (arrangement) with the collaboration of Martin Doerry , Cornelia Rauh , Thomas Kühne: Biographisches Handbuch für das Prussische Abrafenhaus 1867–1918 (= handbooks on the history of parliamentarism and political parties. Volume 3). Droste, Düsseldorf 1988, ISBN 3-7700-5146-7 , page 272.
  • Horst Romeyk : The leading state and municipal administrative officials of the Rhine Province 1816–1945 (=  publications of the Society for Rhenish History . Volume 69 ). Droste, Düsseldorf 1994, ISBN 3-7700-7585-4 , p. 379-380 .

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. Compare short biography in: Bernhard Mann (arr.) With the collaboration of Martin Doerry , Cornelia Rauh , Thomas Kühne: Biographical Handbook for the Prussian House of Representatives 1867–1918 (= Handbooks on the history of parliamentarism and political parties. Volume 3). Droste, Düsseldorf 1988, ISBN 3-7700-5146-7 , p. 85.
  2. Pioneer of regional history: "Constantin von Briesen's mother bought the Wiesenhof between Merzig and Besseringen in 1856, and he moved his residence from the Merzig town hall to the Wiesenhof." , On Saarbrücker Zeitung, August 4, 2009
  3. Briesen, Emie Frederike Louise Carolin of (artist record 70,017,520) , on German photo library
  4. ^ Jägerhofstrasse 1, Hofgartenhaus, von Briesen, Constantin, Wwe. Geb. Countess Seyssel d'Aix, Rent .; von Briesen, Emmy, painter , in the address book of the mayor's office in Düsseldorf, 1890, p. 127