Ernst Trendelenburg

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Ernst Trendelenburg

Ernst Paul Archibald Trendelenburg (born February 13, 1882 in Rostock , † April 28, 1945 in Berlin-Dahlem ) was a German lawyer , civil servant and politician ( DDP ). From 1923 to 1932 he was State Secretary in the Reich Ministry of Economics under ten ministers and from 1930 to 1932 Reich Economics Minister in the Brüning government .

Life and work

Trendelenburg was born as the son of the surgeon Friedrich Trendelenburg in Rostock. His brothers were the pharmacologist Paul Trendelenburg , the physiologist Wilhelm Trendelenburg , the lawyer Friedrich Trendelenburg and the physicist Ferdinand Trendelenburg . After graduation in 1900 at the humanist Thomas School at Leipzig , he took a degree in law at the universities of Bonn and Leipzig in which he awarded the degree of Dr. jur. finished. From 1903 he was a trainee lawyer in Siegburg, Flensburg, Wandsbek and Kiel. From 1908 he worked as a scientific assistant in the Reich Justice Office, then took on tasks in the Reich Office of the Interior and in 1917 switched to the Reich Economics Office as a lecturer . In the Reich Economic Office he was responsible for the war management of fats, oils and chemical products. In 1918 he was a participant in the peace negotiations in Bucharest. In addition, from 1912 to 1917 he was Secretary General of the Kaiser Wilhelm Society for the Advancement of Science (KWG). Later he was from 1922 to 1933 he was a member of the Senate of the KWG.

After the First World War , Trendelenburg joined the newly founded DDP and was Reich Commissioner for import and export permits from 1919 to 1922 . He was then appointed as ministerial director in the Reich Ministry of Economics under Reich Economics Minister Rudolf Wissell . Ernst Trendelenburg was the first State Secretary in the Reich Ministry of Economics from 1923 to 1932. From June 26, 1930 to October 9, 1931 and from April 28 to May 30, 1932 he was acting Reich Minister for Economics in the first and second cabinet of Reich Chancellor Heinrich Brüning . In his functions he was involved in the implementation of the Dawes and Young plans . 1932/33 representative of Germany as under-general secretary at the League of Nations , in 1934 he became chairman of the supervisory board of the United Industrial Companies AG and the Reichs-Kredit-Gesellschaft AG , 1935 head of the Reichsgruppe Industrie , head of the export group for war equipment and member of the presidium of the German group of the International Chamber of Commerce . He maintained good contacts with Alfried Krupp von Bohlen und Halbach and Albert Vögler .

At the end of the war, Ernst Trendelenburg and his wife Clare had to witness the rape of their daughter Karin. They then committed suicide .

Works (selection)

  • Law on the common rights of the holders of bonds , Berlin 1915.
  • The law on the restriction of dispositions on rent and lease claims , Berlin 1915.
  • The Federal Council Ordinance on the discharge of the courts , Berlin 1915.
  • On the question of foreign trade control , Berlin 1920.
  • Great Depression and Foreign Trade , Berlin 1921.
  • Export promotion , Cologne 1926.
  • Mémoire sur la législation de divers états concernant la protection contre le dumping, notamment le dumping des changes , Geneva 1927.
  • Nomenclature et classification douanières , Geneva 1927.
  • America and Europe in the Economic Policy of the Period of Economic Conferences , Berlin 1943.


  • Erna Danzl: Hans Schäffer's memories of Ernst Trendelenburg (documentation) . In: Vierteljahrshefte für Zeitgeschichte 25 (1977), pp. 865–888 ( digitized ; PDF; 1.2 MB).

Web links

Commons : Ernst Trendelenburg  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. Richard Sachse, Karl Ramshorn, Reinhart Herz: The teachers of the Thomasschule in Leipzig 1832-1912. The high school graduates of the Thomas School in Leipzig 1845–1912 . BG Teubner Verlag, Leipzig 1912, p. 102.