Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando

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Fritz von Herzmanovsky Orlando, drawing by Christl Kerry (1952)
Josef Löwy : Aloisia von Orlando and son Friedrich (1880)
Gravestone of the Herzmanovsky-Orlando family in Merano
Rametz Castle

Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando (born April 30, 1877 as Friedrich Josef Franz Ritter von Herzmanowsky in Vienna , Austria-Hungary ; † May 27, 1954 at Rametz Castle near Meran , Italy ) was an Austrian writer and draftsman .


Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando was the son of Emil Josef Ritter von Herzmanowsky, a kk ministerial official in the Ministry of Agriculture from Tarnów and his wife, Aloisia von Orlando , who was born in Kosmonosy . He attended the “ Theresianum ” high school in Vienna . He then completed a degree in structural engineering at the Vienna Technical University from 1896–1903 . Within the next one and a half years he met his then lifelong friend Alfred Kubin and in Munich he made contact with the circle of " cosmists " around Karl Wolfskehl , Ludwig Klages and Alfred Schuler . Herzmanovsky-Orlando worked as a salaried architect in 1904/05, then as a freelance architect . In 1911/12 he gave up his job because of painful chronic kidney tuberculosis . Since he was financially independent by nature, he lived from then on as a privateer for art, drawing, collecting, restoring and writing. The disease led to several cures and trips to the south. Among other things, he and his wife Carmen Maria Schulista, whom he married on February 25, 1911 in Vienna, came to the northeastern Adriatic in 1913 , and in 1914 to Egypt, Sicily and southern Italy for over four months. In 1916 he moved to Merano, Austria, due to illness .

Since the beginning of 1918, with official permission, he also carried the maternal family name. His mother's family reached back to the original Swiss nobility , his grandfather Friedrich von Orlando was the owner of a manor in Kleindehsa in the German Empire . Herzmanovsky-Orlando forged his family tree even before the Crusades . Since 1932 Herzmanovsky-Orlando was a member of the NSDAP (foreign organization).

By the annexation of Austria to the German Reich became a German citizen in 1938, Herzmanovsky Orlando was by the option agreement to leave South Tyrol forced 1940. Since he could not live north of the Alps due to illness, he moved to Malcesine on Lake Garda . He did not return to Merano until 1949. He spent the last years of his life in the nearby Rametz Castle, where he died of uremia on May 17, 1954 .

Herzmanovsky spent many summers in his villa in Ebensee-Rindbach , his family's vacation home. Here he received several guests, including the journalist Anni Hartmann and Hedi Juer, his half-sister who lives in Australia.

In 1970, Herzmanovsky-Orlando-Gasse in Vienna- Floridsdorf (21st district) was named after him.


Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando was able to publish very little during his lifetime. Many of his works are only available in sketchy form. His extensive literary work, which mainly consists of prose and theater pieces, only became known posthumously through the complete edition initiated by Friedrich Torberg .

Torberg, however , intervened seriously as editor in Herzmanovsky-Orlando's texts, which led to severe criticism from literary scholars. For example, in the mask play of geniuses , Torberg changed the name of the “Empire of the Tarocks ” completely arbitrarily from “Tarockei” to “Tarockanien”, obviously based on the term “Kakanien” in Robert Musil's Man without Qualities . Herzmanovsky-Orlando, however, had a certain harmony with Turkey or the earlier Byzantium in mind. Only the second complete edition, published by Germanists two decades later, offers a reliable original text.

Herzmanovsky-Orlando fantasized about a mystical dreamland in his works with the "Tarockei", which he portrayed in an extravagant, baroque style bordering on parody . He had the Italian humanist Cyriakus von Pizzicolli perform as the main character in his grotesquely fantastic novel Mask Play of Genii .

In addition to contacts with the cosmologists and other, equally irrational-esoteric currents, connections to esotericism or mysticism up to the right-esoteric ideas of Jörg Lanz von Liebenfels and to pseudoscience can be recognized. Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando was a member of the New Templar order founded by Jörg Lanz von Liebenfels . An example of his esoteric orientation is his "discovery" that the legendary "salty women" in Tyrol, who also appear in his "Tyroler Drachenspiel", are actually yoga girls who go through certain points, the so-called "ground navel" Dances could cause gene mutations.

His only known work as an architect is the house at Wehrgasse 22 in Vienna - Margareten , which he built in 1910 together with Fritz Keller .


Novels (Austrian Trilogy)

  • The Gaulschreck in the rose net. A Viennese string from the modern baroque
  • Rout on the flying Dutchman
  • The mask game of geniuses


  • The Princess of Cythera. Venetian mask comedy by F. von Orlando
  • Emperor Joseph II and the daughter of the railroad attendant . A dramatic voice from Inner Austria brought to life by Friedrich von Orlando Herr und Landstand in Krain and on the Windischen Mark, patricians of Trieste and Fiume etc.etc. Dedicated by the same to the same reverently.
  • 's Wiesenhendl or The Rejected Drilling. Munich comedy in three acts by Fritz von Orlando
  • Prince Hamlet the Easter Bunny or “Selawie” or Baby Wallenstein. A social comedy from the finest circles in Bohemia and Moravia by Friedrich von Orlando
  • The Crown of Byzantium. A rococo mystery of the Levant
  • Stuffing your Excellencies - nonsense. A scandalous incident from old Vienna (prologue and 11 pictures) sung by Friedrich von Orlando
  • The Tyrolean Dragon Game (fragment)

radio play

  • The lost bad dog

Ballets and pantomimes

  • The magic garden or twice dead and alive. A Salzburg ballet for people with strong nerves
  • The trip to dreamland. Surrealistic ballet
  • Youghiogheny. A pantomime. Foreplay and an elevator
  • Diana and Endymion. Viennese ballet in three acts
  • The robbery of the Europa. Mime in three acts
  • Abduction of the failed daughters. Grotesque, danced, spoken and sung in four images
  • The Bajaderen offering. ballet


  • Cavaliere Huscher or von Yb's fateful sea voyage. A story
  • In memory of the great naive Stella Hohenfels
  • Don Carlos. An experience
  • Little stories about Gustav Meyrink
  • Beethoven's last maid. A historical reminiscence
  • Uncle Toni's failed Christmas Eve
  • Uncle Toni and Nietzsche
  • Uncle Toni and the enema syringe
  • The disaster spreads its wings over the Watzka family
  • The misfortune with the bedbugs
  • The family picture
  • The Last Judgement
  • Father Kniakal's edifying sermon
  • The man with the three shoes
  • Are there water trumpeters?
  • The confused letter
  • The dwarf in the fog
  • The commandant of Kalymnos. A rococo mystery of the Levant
  • Apollo of nothing. Novella
  • Apollo of nothing. Bizarre story by Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando (Meran)
  • The lost bad dog. narrative

Sketches, fragments and letters

Book editions

  • The commandant of Kalymnos. Vienna 1926
  • The Gaulschreck in the rose net. A. Wolf Verlag, Vienna 1928
  • The last court dwarf. Vienna 1928
  • Collected Works. (Ed. and edited by Friedrich Torberg ), Langen-Müller Verlag, Munich
    • Vol. 1. The Gaulschreck in the rose net. 1957
    • Vol. 2. Mask play of geniuses. 1958
    • Vol. 3. Comedy plays and ballets. 1960
    • Vol. 4. Cavaliere Huscher and other stories. 1963
  • Tarot miniatures. Graz et al. 1964
  • Drawings. Salzburg 1965
  • Zerbinetta's liberation. Frankfurt am Main 1965
  • Tarotan secrets. Vienna 1974
  • The complete work. Munich et al. 1975
  • Emperor Joseph and the daughter of the railroad attendant . Frankfurt am Main 1975
  • 's Wiesenhendl or The Rejected Drilling. Cologne 1975
  • Prince Hamlet the Easter Bunny or “Selawie” or Baby Wallenstein. Cologne 1975
  • Pearl and tarot nut. Munich 1980 (together with Alfred Kubin )
  • Complete Works. Salzburg et al
    • Vol. 1. Austrian Trilogy, 1. The Gaulschreck in the rose network . (Ed. and commented by Susanna Kirschl-Goldberg), Residenz Verlag, Salzburg-Vienna 1983 ISBN 3-7017-0350-7
    • Vol. 2. Austrian trilogy, 2. Rout on the flying Dutchman . (Ed. and commented by Susanna Kirschl-Goldberg), Residenz Verlag, Salzburg-Vienna 1984 ISBN 3-7017-0364-7
    • Vol. 3. Austrian Trilogy, 3. The mask play of geniuses . (Ed. and commented by Susanna Goldberg), Residenz Verlag, Salzburg-Vienna 1989 ISBN 3-7017-0582-8
    • Vol. 4. Stories, pantomimes and ballets (edited and commented by Klaralinda Ma-Kircher and Wendelin Schmidt-Dengler), Residenz Verlag, Salzburg-Vienna 1991 ISBN 3-7017-0668-9
    • Vol. 5. Between prose and drama . (Ed. and commented by Susanna Kirschl-Goldberg), Residenz Verlag, Salzburg-Vienna 1986 ISBN 3-7017-0439-2
    • Vol. 6. Dramas . (Ed. and commented by Klaralinda Kircher), Residenz Verlag, Salzburg-Vienna 1985 ISBN 3-7017-0389-2
    • Vol. 7. The correspondence with Alfred Kubin 1903 to 1952 . (Edited and commented by Michael Klein), Residenz Verlag, Salzburg-Vienna 1983 ISBN 3-7017-0351-5
    • Vol. 8. Selected correspondence from 1885 to 1954 . (Ed. and commented by Max Reinisch), Residenz Verlag, Salzburg-Vienna 1989 ISBN 3-7017-0542-9
    • Vol. 9. Sketches and fragments . (Ed. and commented by Klaralinda Ma-Kircher), Residenz Verlag, Salzburg-Vienna 1992 ISBN 3-7017-0673-5
    • Vol. 10. Sinfonietta Canzonetta Austriaca . (Ed. and Com. by Susanna Goldberg), Residenz Verlag, Salzburg-Vienna 1994 ISBN 3-7017-0674-3
  • In the garden of knowledge. Salzburg et al. 1988
  • The best of Herzmanovsky-Orlando. Vienna 1995
  • The graphic work. Krems (1987–1997)
    • Vol. 1, 1893-1899.
    • Vol. 2. 1900-1917.
    • Vol. 3. Prints.
    • Vol. 4. 1918–1920 drawings.
    • Vol. 5. 1918–1920 Sketches.
    • Vol. 6. 1921-1954.
    • Vol. 7. On own literature.
    • Vol. 8. Drafts, silhouettes, bookplates.
  • All works in three books at Zweiausendeins , Zweiausendeins, Frankfurt am Main 1997? ISBN 3-86150-190-2 (licensed edition of the complete works , Residenz Verlag, 1983ff)
    • Book 1: Volume I (The Gaulschreck im Rosennetz), Volume II: Rout am Fliegende Holländer, Volume III: The mask game of geniuses, Volume IV: Stories, pantomimes and ballets
    • Book 2: Volume V: Between Prose and Drama, Volume VI: Dramas, Volume IX: Sketches and Fragments
    • Book 3: Volume X: Sinfonietta Canzonetta Austriaca
  • Gaulschreck, court dwarf, Excellencies. Munich 2001
  • The Gaulschreck in the rose net. (Ed. by Susanna Goldberg), Residenz Verlag, Salzburg-Vienna 2004, ISBN 3-7017-1381-2
  • Scoglio Pomo or Rout on the Flying Dutchman. (Ed. by Klaralinda Ma-Kircher), Residenz Verlag, St. Pölten-Salzburg 2007, ISBN 978-3-7017-1469-8
  • Prose - stories and sketches. (Ed. by Klaralinda Ma-Kircher), Residenz Verlag, St. Pölten-Salzburg 2008, ISBN 978-3-7017-1502-2
  • The mask game of geniuses. (Ed. by Klaralinda Ma-Kircher), Residenz Verlag, St. Pölten-Salzburg 2010, ISBN 978-3-7017-1552-7
  • The Gaulschreck in the rose net. (Ed. by Klaralinda Ma-Kircher), Residenz Verlag, St. Pölten-Salzburg-Wien 2013, ISBN 978-3-7017-1609-8
  • Selected Works. (Ed. by Klaradlinda Ma-Kircher), Residenz Verlag, St. Pölten 2013, ISBN 978-3-7017-1619-7


  • Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando. Linz 1969.
  • Herzmanovsky-Orlando. Vienna 1970.
  • Friedrich Bohne (Ed.): Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando. Nuremberg 1961.
  • Barbara Bronnen : Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando. Munich 1965
  • Tino Erben (Ed.): Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando. Vienna 1977.
  • Bernhard Fetz , Klaralinda Ma, Wendelin Schmidt-Dengler (eds.): Fantasticism going astray. Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando in context. Vienna 2004.
  • Monika von Gagern: Ideology and Phantasmagorie Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlandos. Munich 1972.
  • Gregor Gatscher-Riedl : The Perchtoldsdorfer “Theresienau” and Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando. For the 90th anniversary of “The Gaulschreck in the Rose Network”. In: Local history supplement [to the official gazette of the district authority Mödling], 53rd year, F. 3, (Mödling September 5, 2018), p. 21f.
  • Barbara Grunert-Bronnen:  Herzmanovsky-Orlando, Fritz von. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 8, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1969, ISBN 3-428-00189-3 , p. 738 ( digitized version ).
  • Arnulf Meifert, Manfred Kopriva (Ed.): Researchers in the intermediate realm. The draftsman Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando. St. Pölten-Salzburg-Vienna 2012, ISBN 978-3-7017327-3-9 .
  • Inge Podbrecky: The cat house. A newly discovered work by Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando? In: Austrian magazine for art and monument preservation. LXIII, No. 3-4, 2009, pp. 301-305.
  • Astrid Wallner: Allotria in artibus. Vienna 1990.
  • Gabriele Van Zon: Word and picture. New York [et al.] 1991.
  • Ingold Zeisberger: Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando's "Gaulschreck im Rosennetz". Aspects of early modernism in the “Austrian Trilogy”. Saarbrücken 2011.

Web links

Commons : Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Sinfonietta , edition at Zweiausendeins, p. 336
  2. Monika von Gagern, p. 37, preview in the Google book search