Alfred Kubin

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Alfred Kubin 1904; Photography by Nicola Perscheid .

Alfred Leopold Isidor Kubin (born April 10, 1877 in Leitmeritz , Bohemia ; † August 20, 1959 in Zwickledt, municipality of Wernstein am Inn ) was an Austrian graphic artist , writer and book illustrator .


Commemorative plaque Alfred Kubin at the house at Mandlstrasse 26 in Munich

From 1887 Kubin attended a grammar school in Salzburg , from 1892 he was apprenticed to a photographer in Klagenfurt . From 1898 he lived in Munich , where he first attended Ludwig Schmid-Reutte's private painting school . On May 2, 1899, he enrolled at the Royal Academy for painting with Nikolaus Gysis . He soon dropped out of this course. After several study trips in 1905, he settled in 1906 near Wernstein am Inn at the old mansion of Schloss Zwickledt . He lived here until the end of his life: until 1948 with his wife Hedwig, after her death "in almost complete seclusion". He had met the wealthy widow, a sister of the writer Oscar AH Schmitz , in February 1904 in Karl Wolfskehl's house and married soon afterwards. It also made it possible to acquire the so-called "Schlössl". From 1907 to 1914 Kubin financed his stepson Otto Gründler 's visit to the reformed educational rural education home Freie Schulgemeinde in Wickersdorf near Saalfeld in the Thuringian Forest . Kubin wrote numerous letters, including correspondence with Karl Rössing and Hermann Hesse since 1928 , with Hans Fronius since 1931 and with Otto Coester since 1936 .

Zwickledt Castle, residence of Alfred and Hedwig Kubin

Kubin's fantastic novel The Other Side , which appeared in 1909 with numerous illustrations by Kubin, was also written in Zwickledt . In it, Kubin describes a world of dreams in the broadest sense - imagination, wishful thinking, states of fear, hallucinations and visions of the end of the world. The fictional narrator, like Kubin a draftsman by profession, is invited by an old school friend to the dream realm he has created, where he spends three years. The initial fascination gives way to an ever stronger horror until the dream city “Pearl” finally collapses in an apocalyptic scenario. The narrator escapes as one of the few and records his experiences in writing under the protection of a sanatorium.

An exchange of letters and four illustrations suggest that a friendship between Kubin and Alfred Karl Mayer, who had been mistaken for a long time, existed even before 1913. It can be assumed that Mayer built up a relatively extensive Kubin collection over the years on the basis of private and business contacts. Further research is reserved to find out which works by Kubin belong to the former property of Mayer.

Also in 1909 he founded together with u. a. Wassily Kandinsky , Alexej von Jawlensky , Adolf Erbslöh , Gabriele Münter , Marianne von Werefkin and Karl Hofer form the Neue Künstlervereinigung München (NKVM). The NKVM became the editorial office of the Blauer Reiter in 1911 , and in 1912 he took part in the second exhibition, which only included graphic works. He illustrated around 60 books, including works by Dostojewski , Edgar Allan Poe and Elias Canetti , published graphic portfolios (1921 "On the Edge of Life", 1918 "A Dance of Death", 1941 "Adventure of a Drawing Pen", 1943 "The Planets") and left thousands of pen drawings. Kubin had also been a member of the Innviertel Artists' Guild since 1923, to which he remained loyal when it was re-established in 1947. In the 1920s he attended literary evenings with his friend, businessman, art collector and Bauhaus sponsor Otto Bamberger , who also acquired Kubin's graphic works. From 1930 Kubin was a member of the Prussian Academy of the Arts in Berlin. In 1949 he became a member of the Bavarian Academy of Fine Arts . Kubin was also a member of the Prague Secession .

Kubin's grave at the church in Wernstein

In 1931, Kubin created the set for Richard Billinger's drama Rauhnacht for its world premiere on October 10, 1931 at the Münchner Kammerspiele , directed by Otto Falckenberg . In several graphic sheets Kubin dealt with the literary work of Billinger, Billinger in turn dedicated several poems to Kubin. Between 1933 and 1936 he had an intense love affair with the doctor's wife Emmy Haesele (1894–1987), who became a painter under his influence. Traces of this love affair can also be found in the series of lithographs Ali, the gray stallion , the illustrated life story of a boisterous Tatar horse that ends in isolation. The first letters of Kubin's three first names form the name ALI. As an artist's wife, his wife showed understanding, but increasingly suffered from her husband's lovelessness and demanded a decision that was then in her favor.

During the Nazi era , 63 of his works were defamed and confiscated as “ degenerate art ”. Nevertheless, he was not banned from exhibiting, but was able to publish various drawings in the General Government's Nazi propaganda sheet , the Krakauer Zeitung , in 1941/42 .

Kubin died on August 20, 1959 in Zwickledt and was buried in the cemetery in Wernstein. The design of his grave was made by the sculptor Karl Prantl .

Alfred Kubin was a cousin of the art historian Otto Kletzl .


Signature of Alfred Kubin

Kubin's work is characterized by the representation of fantastic dream visions , which are represented with nervous drawing lines. Kubin was inspired by the visionary and symbolic works of Francisco de Goya , James Ensor , Odilon Redon , Edvard Munch and Max Klinger , among others . He worked almost exclusively as a graphic artist. As a full member of the German Association of Artists , he also took part in the DKB annual exhibitions in the mid-1950s.

In 1955, Kubin bequeathed his entire artistic estate to the Austrian state and the province of Upper Austria in return for a modest annuity . Since his death, his work has been partly in the State Collection of Graphic Art Albertina in Vienna, partly in the Upper Austrian State Museum in Linz . He also acquired 1179 sheets from the artist's graphic collection, mainly prints by Albrecht Dürer , Jacques Callot , Paul Gauguin , Edvard Munch, Auguste Rodin , James Ensor, Francisco de Goya, Félicien Rops . Through further acquisitions and donations as well as the acquisition of 615 drawings and lithographs by his collector friend, the Wernstein pastor Alois Samhaber, this collection of more than 4000 objects expanded to the world's largest collection of original works by Alfred Kubin. The holdings of the Lentos Art Museum in Linz are the third largest collection of graphics, mixed media, portfolios and artist letters in Austria . The comprehensive catalog also documents the relationship between Kubin and his gallery owner Wolfgang Gurlitt .

The Kubin Archive Municipal Gallery in the Lenbachhaus in Munich has a special place as a research center ; it was acquired in full in 1971 by the Hamburg pharmacist Kurt Otte as a supplement to the Blauer Reiter collection . The foundation of the couple Reinhold Koeppel and Hanne Koeppel, who are friends with Kubin, forms the basis of the Kubin collection in the Art Forum Ostdeutsche Galerie Regensburg.

Exhibitions and reception

Exhibition hall in the Kubin House in Zwickledt

On the occasion of his 100th birthday, Peter Baum edited a “Hommage à Alfred Kubin” with lithographs by Peter Bischof , Adolf Frohner , Hans Hoffmann-Ybbs , Jürgen Messensee , Gotthard Muhr , Alois Riedl and Hans Staudacher in an edition of 150 pieces.

Exhibitions to mark the 50th year of his death confront Kubin's work with examples of his artist friends with similar styles or motifs, such as Emmy Haesele , Margret Bilger , Hans Fronius , Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando , Wilhelm Schnabl , Reinhold Koeppel , Anton Steinhart and Wilhelm Thöny . His work also influenced a number of younger artists, including the long-forgotten, posthumous Viennese painter Erich Schmid (1908–1984).

The "Kubin Memorial" has existed in Zwickledt since 1962 and has been looked after by the Upper Austrian State Museum since 1992. In 1995 the Alfred Kubin Project of the Province of Upper Austria was set up. In 1964, his works were shown in the hand drawings department at documenta III in Kassel . In the same year 299 of his works were on view in the Kestner Society in Hanover. The Alfred Kubin Prize is part of the culture prize awarded by the State of Upper Austria . In 1977, Alfred-Kubin-Platz in Vienna- Donaustadt (22nd district) was named after him.

On September 25, 2010 the world premiere of Michael Obst's opera The Other Side, based on the novel of the same name by Alfred Kubin, took place in the Mainfranken Theater in Würzburg . The music is composed of orchestral parts and electronic sounds, the intensity of which increases with the increasing apocalyptic threat to the content.

From October 8, 2018 to February 2019, Kubin's works were shown in the exhibition Fantastic! Alfred Kubin and the Blue Rider can be viewed in the Städtische Galerie im Lenbachhaus and Kunstbau Munich. For the first time, the exhibition traced the complex personal and artistic interrelationships with the Munich artist group with a wealth of works, documents and photographs.

On the occasion of the 60th anniversary of his death in 2019, the gallery W&K - Wienerroither & Kohlbacher presented the exhibition Alfred Kubin - Fantastic Worlds in Vienna from January 10 to March 22, 2019 . As part of the exhibition, drawings and graphics, from early work to late creative years, were shown. In addition, Annegret Hoberg , the manager of the collection of the Kubin Archive in the Lenbachhaus Munich, guided through the exhibition in the form of an expert talk.

Alfred Kubin at the art market

In addition to lithographs by Alfred Kubin, which can be found frequently, original works by the artist also come onto the art market. A large part of the trade in original works traditionally takes place via specialized galleries such as the Galerie Altnöder or W&K - Wienerroither & Kohlbacher, which publish monographic exhibitions as well as accompanying exhibition catalogs and research results.

The highest price to date for a work by Alfred Kubin was paid in June 2019. The drawing from 1900/1901 with the title Epidemic changed hands for the equivalent of 1,081,736 euros.

Works (selection)

  • Edgar Allan Poe : Nebelmeer , Munich and Berlin, Georg Müller, 1920. With 29 illustrations by Alfred Kubin (2nd edition).
  • Georg Trakl : Revelation and Downfall, The prose poems, Otto Müller Verlag, Salzburg 1947. With 13 pen drawings by Alfred Kubin.
  • Friedrich Huch : Neue Träume , Georg Müller, Munich 1921. With 10 lithographs and 10 illustrations by Alfred Kubin.
  • Jules Amédée Barbey d'Aurevilly : Teufelskinder , Georg Müller, Munich 1921. With 19 illustrations by Alfred Kubin.
  • Voltaire : Candide , Steegemann, Hannover 1922. With 28 pen drawings by Alfred Kubin.
  • Johannes Ilmari Auerbach : The suicide competition , Darmstädter Verlag, Darmstadt 1927. With 5 pen drawings by Alfred Kubin (2nd edition).
  • Jaroslav Durych : The Charterhouse of Walditz , Piper, Munich 1934. With 17 illustrations by Alfred Kubin.
  • Elias Canetti : Die Blendung , Herbert Reichner, Vienna 1935. Illustration on the cover of the first edition by Alfred Kubin.
  • Richard Billinger : Rauhnacht. Portfolio with 13 lithographs, Kreuz-Verlag, Halle an der Saale 1948.
dtv library Kubin
  • Hans Christian Andersen : Three fairy tales. With 32 drawings by Alfred Kubin, from the Danish by Thyra Dohrenburg, Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 1979, ISBN 3-423-02403-8 .
  • Otto Julius Bierbaum : Samalio Pardulus. With 20 drawings by Alfred Kubin. Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 1979, ISBN 3-423-02404-6 .
  • Gottfried August Bürger : Wonderful journeys by water and land, campaigns and amusing adventures by Freiherr von Münchhausen: how he himself telling the same about the bottle in the circle of his friends. With 12 drawings by Alfred Kubin, Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 1979, ISBN 3-423-02400-3 .
  • Fyodor Dostoyevsky : The doppelganger: a Petersburg poetry. With 61 drawings by Alfred Kubin, from the Russian by EK Rahsin , Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 1980, ISBN 3-423-02406-2 .
  • Gerhart Hauptmann : Carnival. With 13 drawings by Alfred Kubin, Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 1980, ISBN 3-423-02409-7 .
  • ETA Hoffmann : Two night pieces. With 20 drawings by Alfred Kubin, Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 1980, ISBN 3-423-02407-0 .
  • Ernst Jünger : Myrdun: Letters from Norway. With 14 drawings by Alfred Kubin, Deutscher Taschenbuchverlag, Munich 1980, ISBN 3-423-02411-9 .
  • Gérard de Nerval : Aurelia or the dream and life. With 57 drawings by Alfred Kubin, translated from the French by Hedwig Kubin , Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 1979, ISBN 3-423-02402-X .
  • Carl Orff : Astutuli: a Bavarian comedy. With 9 drawings by Alfred Kubin, with contributions by Werner Thomas and Robert Münster, Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 1980, ISBN 3-423-02408-9 .
  • Jean Paul : The wonderful company on New Years Eve. With 27 drawings by Alfred Kubin, Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 1979, ISBN 978-3-423-02401-3
  • Edgar Allan Poe : The Gold Beetle. With 13 drawings by Alfred Kubin, from the American by Hans Wollschläger, Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 1979, ISBN 3-423-02405-4 .
  • Voltaire : Candide or the belief in the best of the worlds: translated from German by Dr. Ralph transferred along with the additions that were found in the doctor's pocket when he died in Minden in 1759 in the year of salvation. With 28 drawings by Alfred Kubin, translated from the French by Walter Widmer , Deutscher Taschenbuch-Verlag, Munich 1980, ISBN 3-423-02410-0 .
  • The wild rest. Alfred Kubin in Waldhäuser. Letters to Reinhold and Hanne Koeppel. Edited and introduced by Walter Boll. Nymphenburger Verlagshandlung, Munich 1972, ISBN 3-485-00304-2 .
  • Alfred Kubin to Karl Rössing. In: Sigill. Sheets for book and art. Issue 2, volume 3, Otto Rohse Presse, Hamburg 1973, pp. 3-31.
  • Ernst Jünger - Alfred Kubin: an encounter. With eight illustrations based on drawings and letters by Ernst Jünger and Alfred Kubin. Propylaea, Frankfurt am Main / Berlin / Vienna 1975, ISBN 3-549-05334-7 .
  • Fritz von Herzmanovsky-Orlando : The correspondence with Alfred Kubin, 1903 to 1952. Edited and commented by Michael Klein. Residenz Verlag, Salzburg u. a. 1983, ISBN 3-7017-0351-5 (= Complete Works Volume 7).
  • Hartmut Geerken and Sigrid Hauff: Correspondence between Salomo Friedländer / Mynona and Alfred Kubin. Edition New Texts, Vienna / Linz 1986, ISBN 3-900292-38-8 .
  • Melchior Frommel , Franz Xaver Hofer (Eds.): Margret Bilger - Alfred Kubin. Correspondence. LANDSTRICH, Schärding 1997, ISBN 3-928844-21-0 .
  • Christin Fronius (Ed.): Alfred Kubin - Hans Fronius. An artist friendship. Provincial Library, Weitra 1999, ISBN 3-85252-352-4 (Publication. PNo1).
  • Paul Bishop : "My mind was always an exploded elephantiasis". The correspondence between Alfred Kubin and Ludwig Klages. In: Yearbook of the German Schiller Society. Volume XLIII (1999), Alfred Kröner Verlag, Stuttgart 1999, ISBN 3-520-89901-9 , pp. 49-95 (scientific commentary and reprint of the correspondence).
  • Bernd Fäthke : "Dear friend Mayer". Newly discovered letters from Alfred Kubin to Alfred Karl Mayer in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum. In: Anzeiger des Germanisches Nationalmuseums 2007, p. 215 ff.
  • Volker Michels (ed.): Outside the day and the dizziness, Hermann Hesse - Alfred Kubin. Correspondence 1928–1952. Suhrkamp, ​​Frankfurt 2008, ISBN 978-3-518-41941-0 .
  • Marcel Illetschko: Edition of the correspondence Alfred Kubin - Reinhard Piper (1907–1953). Diss. Univ. Vienna 2010.
    • Alfred Kubin / Reinhard Piper. Correspondence 1907–1953. Published on behalf of the literary archive of the Austrian National Library and Agnes Essl as the founder of Marcel Illetschko and Michaela Hirsch. With 123 drawings by Alfred Kubin and one drawing by Reinhard Piper. Piper Verlag, Munich / Zurich 2010, ISBN 978-3-492-05403-4 .
  • Peter Assmann and Annegret Hoberg: Kubin handwritten. (= Catalog of the Upper Austrian Provincial Museum Linz, New Series 122). Provincial Library, Weitra 2011, ISBN 978-3-85474-252-4 .
  • Alfred Kubin, Siegfried von Vegesack : Correspondence. Edited by Rolf Rieß, Edition Lichtung, Viechtach 2017, ISBN 978-3-941306-72-1 .

Awards and honors


  • Peter Assmann (Ed.): Alfred Kubin (1877-1959). With a catalog raisonné of the holdings in the Upper Austrian State Museum. Residenz Verlag, Salzburg 1995.
  • Peter Assmann and Monika Oberchristl (eds.): Alfred Kubin (1877–1959). Images of the fantastic. Publishing House Library of the Province, Weitra 2010, ISBN 978-3-902416-35-3 .
  • Peter Baum (Ed.): Homage to Alfred Kubin. Peter Bischof, Adolf Frohner, Hans Hoffmann-Ybbs, Jürgen Messensee, Gotthard Muhr, Alois Riedl, Hans Staudacher. In: outlines. Volume 5, Volume 6, December 1977.
  • Otto Breicha (Ed.): Alfred Kubin. World network. A Kubin compendium. Writings and pictures about life and work. Edition Spangenberg, Munich 1978, ISBN 3-7707-0069-4 .
  • Christoph Brockhaus:  Kubin, Alfred. In: New German Biography (NDB). Volume 13, Duncker & Humblot, Berlin 1982, ISBN 3-428-00194-X , pp. 158-160 ( digitized version ).
  • Clemens Brunn: The way out into the unreal. Fiction and world model with Paul Scheerbart and Alfred Kubin. Igel Verlag, 2nd updated edition, Hamburg 2010, ISBN 978-3-86815-518-1 .
  • Hermann Eßwein , Alfred Kubin - The artist and his work, Verlag Georg Müller, 1911, 88 pages with 82 illustrations, DNB 116584491 .
  • Gerlinde Gehrig: Sandman and Vulture Child. Fantastic discourses in the work of Alfred Kubin. Böhlau, Cologne 2004.
  • Andreas Geyer: Dreamers for life. Alfred Kubin as a man of letters. Böhlau, Vienna 1995, ISBN 3-205-98404-8 .
  • Andreas Geyer: Secret life dance. Alfred Kubin and Death. Karolinger Verlag, Vienna 2005.
  • Brigitte Heinzl: Alfred Kubin's graphic collection in the Upper Austrian State Museum. In: Yearbook of the Upper Austrian Museum Association. 115a, Linz 1970, pp. 221-237 ( PDF on ZOBODAT ).
  • Anneliese Hewig: Fantastic Reality. Kubin's 'The Other Side'. Wilhelm Fink, Munich 1967.
  • Kay Heymer:  Alfred Kubin. In: Biographisch-Bibliographisches Kirchenlexikon (BBKL). Volume 4, Bautz, Herzberg 1992, ISBN 3-88309-038-7 , Sp. 728-732.
  • Annegret Hoberg (Ed.): Alfred Kubin 1877–1959. Spangenberg, Munich 1990, ISBN 3-88645-092-9 .
  • Annegret Hoberg u. a .: Alfred Kubin. The lithographic work. Hirmer, Munich 1999, ISBN 3-7774-8280-3 .
  • Abraham Horodisch : Alfred Kubin as a book illustrator. Erasmus bookstore, Amsterdam 1949.
    • English: Abraham Horodisch: Alfred Kubin Book Illustrator. Aldus Books, New York 1950.
  • Alfred Marks: The illustrator Alfred Kubin. Complete catalog of his illustrations and book art work. Edition Spangenberg, Munich 1977, ISBN 3-7707-0066-X .
  • Monika Oberchristl, Gabriele Spindler (Ed.): Alfred Kubin and his collection. Verlag Bibliothek der Provinz, Weitra 2015, ISBN 978-3-99028-512-1 ( = catalog for the exhibition of the same name at the Landesgalerie Linz from October 22, 2015 to February 14, 2016 ).
  • Paul Raabe : Alfred Kubin. Life - work - effect. Compiled by Paul Raabe on behalf of Kurt Otte, Kubin Archive Hamburg. Rowohlt, Hamburg 1957.
  • Ulrich Riemerschmidt (Ed.): Alfred Kubin. From my workshop. Collected prose with 71 illustrations. Deutscher Taschenbuchverlag, Munich 1976, ISBN 3-423-01179-3 .
  • Ulrich Riemerschmidt (Ed.): Alfred Kubin. Out of my life. Collected prose with 73 illustrations. Ellermann, Munich 1977, ISBN 3-7707-0135-6 .
  • Wieland Schmied (editor and author of the introduction): Exhibition catalog Alfred Kubin , Kestner-Gesellschaft, Hanover 1964.
  • Verna Schuetz: The bizarre literature of Hanns Heinz Ewers, Alfred Kubin, Gustav Meyrink, and Karl Hans Strobl. Madison WI, Univ. Diss. 1974.
  • Kubin, Alfred . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General lexicon of fine artists from antiquity to the present . Founded by Ulrich Thieme and Felix Becker . tape 22 : Krügner – Leitch . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1928, p. 34-37 .
  • Kubin, Alfred . In: Hans Vollmer (Hrsg.): General Lexicon of Fine Artists of the XX. Century. tape 3 : K-P . EA Seemann, Leipzig 1956, p. 130-131 .
  • Roman Zieglgänsberger: Alfred Kubin's side worlds of morphine devils and bird men. With an inventory of the Kubin drawings of the Art Forum Ostdeutsche Galerie Regensburg. Ed .: Stiftung Kunstforum Ostdeutsche Galerie, Regensburg 2010, ISBN 978-3-89188-121-7 .

Web links

Commons : Alfred Kubin  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. The lonely one from Zwickledt. In: Arbeiter-Zeitung . April 9, 1952, p. 5.
  2. ^ Alfred Kubin , p. 1. PDF, accessed on July 18, 2010. (Reproduction of the biography from: Hoberg, Alfred Kubin 1877–1959. Munich 1990).
  3. Biography - Kubin House Zwickledt.
  4. Student directory of the Free School Community Wickersdorf. In: Archives of the German Youth Movement, Ludwigstein Castle, Witzenhausen, Hesse.
  5. Bernd Fäthke: > Dear friend Mayer <, Newly discovered letters from Alfred Kubin to Alfred Karl Mayer in the Germanisches Nationalmuseum. In: Anzeiger des Germanisches Nationalmuseum. Nuremberg 2007, p. 215 ff.
  6. Otto and Henrietta Bamberger , on:
  7. ^ Klaus Bamberger: From the history of the Bamberger family. Childhood memories of Lichtenfels (= Small CHW-Schriften, Colloquium Historicum Wirsbergense, Issue 2, Lichtenfelser Hefte zur Heimatgeschichte, special issue 3), ed. v. Lichtenfels City Archives, Schulze Lichtenfels 2005, ISBN 3-87735-177-8 , p. 18.
  8. Ramona Popp: A house steeped in history becomes a Hort , March 29, 2019, on:
  9. Brita Steinwendtner : You angel - you devil. Emmy Haesele and Alfred Kubin - a love story. Verlag Haymon, Innsbruck 2009, ISBN 978-3-85218-586-6 .
  10. Ali, the gray stallion. Fates of a Tartar Horse. In 12 sheets, 16 lithographic sheets, 1 typographic sheet Verlag Johannes-Presse, Vienna 1932.
  11. ^ Sieglinde Baumgartner: Alfred Kubin and his artistic environment. In: A. Pindelski (Ed.): The Innviertel. Portrait of a cultural region. Steyr: Ennsthaler Verlag, 1998, pp. 18–50, here p. 39.
  12. ^ Ernst Klee : The culture lexicon for the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945. S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-10-039326-5 , p. 342.
  13. Exhibitions since 1951 / Participants in the 6th exhibition ( Memento from October 1, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) in the Ehrenhof (Düsseldorf) (accessed on September 30, 2015)
  14. The world's largest Kubin collection. (PDF) In: Retrieved February 26, 2020 .
  15. ^ Galerie Altnöder: Kubin in public collections. (PDF) In: 2009, accessed June 25, 2019 .
  16. Stella Rollig (Ed.): Alfred Kubin: 1877 - 1959. The graphic collection of the LENTOS Art Museum Linz. Verlag für Moderne Kunst, Nuremberg 2010, ISBN 978-3-86984-014-7 .
  17. Compare: Roman Zieglgänsberger: Alfred Kubin's side worlds of morphine devils and bird men. With an inventory of the Kubin drawings of the Art Forum Ostdeutsche Galerie Regensburg. Ed .: Stiftung Kunstforum Ostdeutsche Galerie, Regensburg.
  18. Peter Baum (Ed.): Hommage à Alfred Kubin. Peter Bischof, Adolf Frohner, Hans Hoffmann-Ybbs, Jürgen Messensee, Gotthard Muhr, Alois Riedl, Hans Staudacher. In: outlines. Volume 5, Volume 6, December 1977.
  19. Lenbachhaus - Fantastic! Alfred Kubin and Der Blaue Reiter. Retrieved March 18, 2019 .
  20. Alfred Kubin's World of Shadows. January 19, 2019, accessed April 10, 2019 .
  21. Shellie Karabell: Just How Big Is The Art Market? Leaders Do Some Serious Numbers-Crunching. Retrieved June 25, 2019 .
  22. "Salzburg is rock-hard pavement". Retrieved June 25, 2019 .
  23. ^ Peter Assmann: Alfred Kubin . Ed .: W&K - Wienerroither & Kohlbacher. W&K Edition, Vienna / New York 2014, ISBN 978-3-200-03769-4 , pp. 164 .
  24. Kubin drawing in London achieved more than a million for the first time - Retrieved June 25, 2019 (Austrian German).