from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Heeren-Werve municipal coat of arms until 1967

Heeren-Werve is a former municipality in the Unna district and has been a district of Kamen in the eastern Ruhr area since January 1, 1968 .


Heeren-Werve is located in the southern part of the Westphalian Bay natural landscape in the middle of the fertile Hellwegbörden . The Haarstrang ridge drops to the north and reaches a height of 18 m above sea ​​level at Heeren-Werve . The geological structure here consists of water- retaining layers of chalk , from which salty water often emerges ( Saline Königsborn , Rollmansbrunnen). As part of the Hellweg Börde, Heeren-Werve has fertile loess soil with good yields. The Heerener Holz nature reserve is important for Heeren-Werve . In addition to an outstanding nature conservation function, this 65 hectare forest area is also of great importance for climate and immission protection. The Seseke , a tributary of the Lippe , and the Mühlenbach flow through the municipality. In the past, both streams were canals lined with concrete shells that carried away the industrial water. Both streams have regained part of their natural shape through ecological renovation. The Mühlenbach is the border stream between the districts of Heeren and Werve. Heeren-Werve can be reached in a short time the junctions of the motorways A 1 and A 2 .


Catholic Church Herz Jesu in Heeren

First settlements

The first indications of the settlement of the Heeren-Werve area are the finds from the “Turmacker”, on the northern edge of the Heerener Holz. Although not yet scientifically researched, numerous reading findings point to a Germanic settlement from the Roman Empire (1st to 4th centuries). Written sources appear in the register of the Werden Abbey in the 10th century . Here the names of the village Werve and those of the farmers Iring and Wiking are mentioned. A document from 1300 proves the existence of a church community (Perochia Herne) . Heeren and Werve developed into typical Hellweg farming villages with a purely agricultural character and around 850 inhabitants. Up until the coal mine was settled, farmers, kötter , brinkitzers , small craftsmen and dispossessed residents lived here.

The noble families

In Werve the noble family lived from Werve , in armies , the Herne (armies). The latter is first mentioned in a document in 1173. This family sat on the Heeren moated castle , which was located in today's palace gardens. After this family the noble families von Dobbe and von der Recke followed . The Prince-Bishop of Dorpat (Livonia), Jobst von der Recke-Heeren, came from this family . In 1606, the daughter of the heir, Katharina von der Recke, had the current moated castle of Haus Heeren built. Under the von Hüchtenbrock family, Heeren-Werve became an independent dish with a unicorn in the seal. Through an heir, the property came to Jobst Henrich von Plettenberg from the Schwarzenberg family in 1679 . He had the outer bailey of the House of Heeren built and acquired the noble houses of Haus Werve and Gut Hahnen. With this property, registered as entails , the church patronage, the court and the possession of almost all farms in Heeren-Werve, the von Plettenberg family had secured a powerful position in Heeren-Werve. Through the heiress Bertha von Plettenberg, the property came to the von Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg family (Dortmund) in 1856. The elevation of Friedrich von Bodelschwingh-Plettenberg to the rank of count in 1913 changed the name to von Plettenberg-Heeren . The descendants living at Haus Heeren still bear the name today. The count's title has expired. He was replaced by Freiherr / Freifrau .

The mining community

The settlement of the Königsborn 2/5 colliery in 1887 triggered revolutionary changes in local life in Heeren-Werve. Large workers' settlements were built. The influx of foreign working-class families caused the population to skyrocket. In 1910 the two communities, which had been independent until then, merged to form the community of Heeren-Werve . After the Second World War , another wave of immigration began. Refugees and new miners came with their families. The necessary living space was created by building the miners' housing. On January 1, 1968, Section 5 of the law on the reorganization of the district of Unna merged the municipality of Heeren-Werve, the city of Kamen , the municipalities of Methler , Südkamen , Rottum and Derne to form the new city of Kamen.

Population development

year Residents
1849 0773
1931 4469
1956 8234
1961 9108
1967 9187
1987 8335
2013 8195


The symbol and heraldic animal of Heeren-Werves is the unicorn . The Heeren-Werver heraldic animal has its origin in the family coat of arms of the aristocratic Vom Hüchtenbrock family, who sat on House Heeren from 1620 to 1680. The independent court of Heeren, which existed from 1646 to 1809, also had the unicorn in the court seal. The German municipal code of 1935 obliged the municipalities to keep a coat of arms , which also had to appear in the municipal seal. In 1938 the President of the Province of Westphalia awarded the municipality of Heeren-Werve an official municipal coat of arms. It showed a black unicorn jumping to the right in the golden field. Since 1968 the coat of arms has lost its official use. A bronze sculpture of the unicorn, created by the artist Reimund Kasper, is set up in the Werve district in the middle of the roundabout on Werver Mark. The Heeren-Werver feel connected to their heraldic animal to this day. Many clubs and associations use it on publications and advertising material to underline their affiliation to the village community. The Heerener Horn , which is awarded annually to deserving fellow citizens, also has its origin in the unicorn coat of arms.

The corner tower of Haus Heeren


The early baroque moated castle complex Haus Heeren is one of the last representatives of the formerly numerous noble houses in the Unna district . It has been owned by the von Plettenberg-Heeren family since it was built in 1606. The complex consists of the main house, the outer bailey and the park in which the family funeral is located. In the outer bailey is the Bauhaus with rooms in which weddings, conferences and other festivities can take place.

The Protestant parish church in Heeren was built around 1300 in the late Gothic style. This medieval part is still present in the core of the building today. In 1511 the church was extended to the west by a yoke and a tower. The church was given its current form through two expansion measures in 1898 and 1910. The two side aisles, a sacristy, an extension to the west and a new tower were added.

The Catholic Herz-Jesu-Kirche is a neo-Romanesque basilica that was completed in 1911. The exterior impresses with its lively color scheme in rust red and Kremser white. The interior design is determined by the art deco style painting carried out in 1932 by the church painter Eduard Goldkuhle from Dortmund.


The station armies lay on the Fröndenberg-Kamen railway in the section Unna Königsborn - Kamen now shut down is.


  • Gustav von Bonin (23 November 1797 - 2 December 1878), politician
  • Adolf von Bonin (November 11, 1803 - April 16, 1872), Prussian general of the infantry
  • Max von der Grün (born May 25, 1926 in Bayreuth; † April 7, 2005 in Dortmund), writer, from 1951 miner in Heeren-Werve
  • Hubert Biernat (born June 11, 1907 in Heeren-Werve; † October 30, 1967 in Unna), politician, 1956–1958 Minister of the Interior in North Rhine-Westphalia
  • Wilhelm Middelschulte (born April 3, 1863 in Werve; † May 4, 1943 in Dortmund), German-American organist and composer
  • Gerd Puls (born January 5, 1949 in Heeren), writer, painter and graphic artist
  • Sabine Heinrich (born December 27, 1976 in Unna), radio and television presenter, author
  • Sven Kroll (born December 14, 1983 in Ahlen), TV presenter and journalist

Individual evidence

  1. ^ MF Essellen: Description and brief history of the Hamm district and the individual localities in the same . Verlag Reimann GmbH & Co, Hamm 1985, ISBN 3-923846-07-X , p. 181 f .
  2. Handbook of the offices and rural communities in the Rhine province and in the province of Westphalia , Prussian Landgemeindetag West, Berlin 1931.
  3. ^ Otto Lucas: Kreis-Atlas Unna . Unna / Münster 1957.
  4. Martin Bünermann, Heinz Köstering: The communities and districts after the municipal territorial reform in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1975, ISBN 3-555-30092-X , p. 196 .
  5. Martin Bünermann, Heinz Köstering: The communities and districts after the municipal territorial reform in North Rhine-Westphalia . Deutscher Gemeindeverlag, Cologne 1975, ISBN 3-555-30092-X , p. 151 .
  6. ^ State Office for Data Processing and Statistics (ed.): Population and private households as well as buildings and apartments. Selected results for parts of the community. Arnsberg administrative district . Düsseldorf 1990, p. 272 .
  7. ^ Inhabitants in the districts of the towns and municipalities of the Unna district


  • Karl-Heinz Stoltefuß: House Heeren (= Westfälische Kunststätten. Issue 103). Münster 2006, ISSN 0930-3952.
  • Karl-Heinz Stoltefuß: Heeren-Werve. The history of a Hellweg parish from the 12th to the 20th century. A contribution to local history. On the occasion of the 700th anniversary of the parish of Heeren . Self-published by the Evangelische Kirchengemeinde Heeren-Werve, Kamen 2000, ISBN 3-00-005868-0 .
  • Karl-Heinz Stoltefuß: Heeren-Werve-landscape-settlement-farmers-nobility . Self-published by Stoltefuß. Came 2014, ISBN 978-3-00-041739-9 .
  • Karl-Heinz Stoltefuß: Heeren-Werve as it used to be. Historical views of the old Hellweg community. 2 volumes. Schulte, Kamen 2004–2009, ISBN 3-00-013602-9 (Vol. 1), ISBN 978-3-00-028692-6 (Vol. 2).
  • Karl-Heinz Stoltefuß: Zeche Königsborn 2/5. The history of the coal mine and its people in Heeren-Werve. Books and stationery Willi Schulte, Kamen-Heeren 2010, ISBN 978-3-00-031342-4 .
  • Karl-Heinz Stoltefuß (arrangement): Heeren-Werve in old chronicles . Unna 1993, ISBN 3-87298-059-9 .

Web links

Commons : Heeren-Werve  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Coordinates: 51 ° 35 '  N , 7 ° 43'  E