Jakob Tiedtke

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Jakob Karl Heinrich Wilhelm Tiedtke (born June 23, 1875 in Berlin ; † June 30, 1960 there ) was a German actor .


The son of a writer received his acting training after attending the Köllnisches Gymnasium at the Marie Seebach School of the Royal Theater in Berlin. He made his debut there in 1899 as Cato in Julius Caesar and was a member of the Prussian Court Theater ensemble until 1905 .

From 1905 to 1913 he worked under Max Reinhardt at the Deutsches Theater , in 1913 he played at the Deutsches Künstlertheater Societät . Then he went to the Lessing Theater and worked at the Burgtheater in Vienna from 1915 to 1918 . Until 1925 he made guest appearances at various Berlin theaters and from 1933 to 1945 belonged to the ensemble of the Berliner Volksbühne . During the time of National Socialism , he was the presidential advisory board in the Nazi leadership corps, Kameradschaft der Deutschen Künstler .

Tiedtke embodied important theater characters such as Jago in Othello , Mephisto in Faust and Franz Moor in The Robbers . He was also successful as Theobald Mask in Die Hose , as the village judge Adam in Der zerbrochne Krug , in the role of Falstaff in the Lustige Weibern von Windsor or as Striese in The Robbery of the Sabine Women .

Tiedtke came to the new medium of film as early as 1907. After the end of the First World War he worked for Efa-Film. The imposing actor was mostly used in rather comical or bizarre roles in the film. He often cooperated with Ernst Lubitsch , from 1938 he also appeared in some propaganda films by Veit Harlan , with whom he was friends. In 1940 he took part in the anti-Semitic film Jud Suss . Most recently he was filled with typical grandfather roles. Overall, Tiedtke took part in around 600 films, including 71 films during the Nazi era. In the final phase of the Second World War , Joseph Goebbels added him to the God-gifted list of actors he needed for his propaganda films in August 1944 , which freed Tiedtke from military service, including on the home front .

Jakob Tiedtke's grave in the Heerstrasse cemetery in Berlin-Westend

After the end of the Second World War, Tiedtke founded the “Bad Ischl Artists' Community” together with fellow actors and toured Austria with it for two years. In the 1950s he worked in Munich, Berlin and with Willy Maertens at the Thalia Theater in Hamburg. In 1955, after his performance as Theodosius in Caesar and Cleopatra by George Bernard Shaw at the Schiller Theater in Berlin, he was awarded the Federal Order of Merit.

Tiedtke was a friend and supporter of the theater critic and publicist Siegfried Jacobsohn . Until the 1950s he worked on radio broadcasts, especially for the RIAS and the NWDR . He was married to the ballet dancer Ingrid Peterson. His estate is in the Berlin State Library . His unpublished memoir is titled Sincerities of a Tired Liar .

Jakob Tiedtke died just a week after his 85th birthday on June 30, 1960 in his house in Berlin-Kladow . His grave is in the state-owned cemetery Heerstraße in Berlin-Westend (grave location: II-Ur 6-129-G).

Filmography (selection)

Web links

Individual evidence

  1. a b c d Ernst Klee : The culture lexicon for the Third Reich. Who was what before and after 1945 . S. Fischer, Frankfurt am Main 2007, ISBN 978-3-10-039326-5 , p. 615.
  2. Gerold Ducke: Tiedtke, Jakob . Biography on the website of the Association for the History of Berlin (www.diegeschichteberlins.de). Retrieved November 27, 2019.
  3. Jakob Tiedtke has quietly said goodbye . In: Hamburger Abendblatt . Friday, July 1, 1960. p. 13. Retrieved November 27, 2019. Ducke: Tiedtke, Jakob .
  4. ^ Hans-Jürgen Mende : Lexicon of Berlin burial places . Pharus-Plan, Berlin 2018, ISBN 978-3-86514-206-1 . P. 495.