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district of Berlin
Berlin Brandenburg Kladow Gatow Staaken Falkenhagener Feld Wilhelmstadt Spandau Haselhorst Siemensstadt HakenfeldeKladow on the map of Spandau
About this picture
Coordinates 52 ° 27 '11 "  N , 13 ° 8' 34"  E Coordinates: 52 ° 27 '11 "  N , 13 ° 8' 34"  E
surface 14.779 km²
Residents 16,212 (Dec. 31, 2019)
Population density 1097 inhabitants / km²
Incorporation Oct. 1, 1920
Post Code 14089
District number 0506
Administrative district Spandau
  • Alt-Kladow

Kladow (  [ ˈklaːdoː ] ) is the southernmost part of the Berlin district of Spandau . The name is derived from the Slavic word kloda ('tree trunk'). Please click to listen!Play

Location and dates

The district of Kladow is bordered in the north by the Spandau district of Gatow , in the east and south-east by the Havel and in the west and south-west by the state of Brandenburg with the Potsdam districts of Sacrow and Groß Glienicke . With around 14,000 inhabitants, Kladow is one of the parts of Berlin that has retained its village character. The promenade with the harbor is close to the town center. The uninhabited island of Imchen lies upstream in a bay of the Havel.

For city and district planning according to the system of living-world-oriented spaces , Kladow belongs to the forecast room SPA4, which only consists of the district region 09 Gatow / Kladow. The district includes the planning areas 37 Kladower Damm (eastern strip with the town center), 38 Kafkastraße and 36 Jägerallee (all of the north and west up to the Groß-Glienicker See). The social room data is assigned to the planning rooms:

  • for Jägerallee under LOR = 05 04 09 36: 10014 residents (foreign citizenship: 580 = 5.8%, with a migration background: 1152 = 11.5%),
  • for Kladower Damm under LOR = 05 04 09 37: 2195 residents (foreign citizenship: 114 = 5.2%, with a migration background: 226 = 10.3%) 11.8%
  • for Kafkastraße under LOR = 05 04 09 38
Age distribution in the LOR (December 31, 2018), source: social space data
Planning space total 0… 15 16… 25 26… 45 46… 65 66 ... 80 over 80
10,014 18.1 9.9 19.3 30.6 17.0 5.0
05040937 Kladower
02,195 11.8 7.3 14.3 31.7 25.5 9.6
03,675 12.9 9.2 15.2 30.0 25.6 3.1
Area share % in the planning areas (since 2010, status: 2017)
Planning space total
Streets Living Community facilities
mixed use
KGA + WES Forest Farmland Park
green area
Fallow land horticulture Waters
729.38 7.5 27.3 29.0 5.0 0.7 16.0 0.8 9.4 0.3 04.7
05040937 Kladower
431.46 2.8 11.6 13.2 0.0 1.9 05.4 4.0 0.6 7.5 053.0
173.58 5.9 53.9 31.8 0.0 6.5 00.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0

There are several settlements or settlement centers in the Kladow district. An overview of the current building age of the residential development, i.e. the construction times of the individual settlements, as well as sorting according to streets and properties, is provided by a scalable map from the national map series (FIS Broker).


Memorial stone of the Finnhaussiedlung, erected 1958–1961
Kossatenhaus in
Sakrower Kirchweg 6/8
Former chauffeur's house in the Dr. Max Fraenkel

Archaeological Slavic settlements from the 9th to 12th centuries and early medieval metalworking ( Kladow silver discovery ) are proven in the Kladow area . The mention of a field belonging to the Kladow Church in Alt-Clado in 1590 suggests that there was once an older settlement with this name elsewhere in the municipality. The local form of the existing square village indicates that the German settlers who moved in at the end of the 12th century took over a Slavic settlement.

The place was first documented in 1267 as Clodow. In the Landbuch Karls IV. (1375) Cladow is mentioned with 48  hooves , of which eight are parish hooves and three are Schulzen hooves . There were four kossaten , but specifically no jug (taberna) . All rights to the village belonged to the Benedictine nuns of Spandau, who had received them from the margraves before 1267.

In the course of the Reformation the monastery lost its patronage rights in 1558, and the village came under the Spandau office (until 1872). Like the whole area, Kladow also suffered severe devastation in the Thirty Years' War ; six farm positions were deserted. From 1660 it was under private landlords. In 1685 Johannes Kunckel received the Lehnschulzengut to finance his experiments. In the 18th century, by royal order, mulberry trees were planted for the purpose of raising silkworms . In 1744 the Vorwerk Neu-Kladow was laid out, where a manor house was built in 1800 . In 1808 large parts of the village were destroyed by fire. The village church , which was probably built in the 13th century and is still standing, was only rebuilt in 1818 .

The urban population began to move into the area in the 19th century. A building contractor from Berlin bought the Neu-Kladow estate. Numerous villas were built on the banks of the Havel. As part of the creation of Greater Berlin , the previously independent city of Spandau and its surrounding area, including the municipality of Kladow, became part of Greater Berlin in 1920. In the years 1934/1935 the military airfield Kladow was built, which was assigned to the district Gatow after the Second World War and as Gatow airfield was next to Tempelhof and Tegel one of the three Berlin airports that were built by the Allies during the Berlin blockade Made airlift possible. In 1953 the reed roof chapel of the Good Shepherd was built.

Kladow shows itself as a village in the megacity. The buildings like Gut Neukladow (1800) and the village church (1818) go back to the 19th century. However, many new housing estates were also built in Kladow, such as the Finnenhaussiedlung built in 1959/1960 . The latest construction project on a south-western part of the former Gatow airfield (the site of which belongs entirely to Kladow) is the country town of Gatow . With the inauguration of the new Cladow-Center shopping center at the confluence of Ritterfelddamm and Kladower Damm, life has partially shifted from the village center. As before, however, it offers numerous - some of them long-established - shops and restaurants. In the current social atlas of Berlin, Kladow ranks ninth (out of 96 districts), so it is one of the “good areas” (like Gatow).

Transport and education

In the VBB bus service , Kladow is connected to the western center of Berlin (X34) as well as to Spandau (134, 135, N34) and Potsdam (697). In addition, the feeder line 234 runs as a ring line to the village square within Kladow. In addition, the wrong ferry F10 of the BVG in the VBB -Tarifverbund hourly between Kladow and Wannsee with connection to the railway station Wannsee .

Kladow has a high school, the Hans-Carossa-Gymnasium and two elementary schools (the elementary school am Ritterfeld and the Mary Poppins elementary school ). The educational program is completed by the Free Waldorf School Havelhöhe - Eugen Kolisko near the anthroposophical community hospital Havelhöhe.


On the former Gatow airfield , the site of which is now completely in the Kladow district, there is, among other things, the Military History Museum Flugplatz Berlin-Gatow (Am Flugplatz Gatow 33). Many exhibits from the stocks of the Bundeswehr and the NVA (for example Tornado IDS , F-4 Phantom II , F-104 Starfighter and MiG-21 ) are shown (free entry).

Since Easter 2016, the country house garden created by Erwin Barth in the 1920s has been in use by Dr. Max Fraenkel open to visitors.

See also

Web links

Commons : Berlin-Kladow  - Album with pictures, videos and audio files


  1. ↑ Environmentally oriented rooms (LOR) - planning rooms: 36 + 37 + 38
  2. 05 04 09 36
  3. 05 04 09 37
  4. 05 04 09 38
  5. Weekend houses and allotment-like uses
  6. ↑ Fallow land, mixed stands of meadows, bushes and trees, meadow-like vegetation
  7. Kladower Damm: including the Havel from the west bank to the middle of the river / district border // Jägerallee: including Groß-Glienicker See from the east bank to the state border in the lake
  8. ^ Havel from the west bank to the center / district border
  9. Age of the residential development: Kladow
  10. Otherwise they would have created a local form typical of the German Eastern Settlement, such as the Angerdorf or the street village.
  11. An astonishing number, because usually there are (only) four parish hooves.
  12. Landhausgarten Dr. Fraenkel. In: District Office Spandau of Berlin, accessed on May 3, 2018 .