Johann von Braun

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The Association of Badeners in Berlin Certificate of Honor for Knight and Noble Brown

Johann (Hans) Ritter und Edler von Braun (born June 24, 1867 in Sinsheim ; † August 15, 1938 ) was a German lieutenant general and first head of the Army Personnel Office of the Reichswehr .


Military career

Braun joined the 5th Baden Infantry Regiment No. 113 of the Prussian Army as a one-year volunteer on October 1, 1885 . After his promotion to second lieutenant he was adjutant of the 1st battalion and rose to regimental adjutant in mid-December 1891. As such, he was on December 19, 1893 Prime Lieutenant and from October 1, 1894 to July 21, 1897 for further training at the War Academy . After brief service in his main regiment, he was assigned to the General Staff on April 1, 1898 . When he was promoted to captain on March 29, 1900, Braun was initially transferred here, and then from May 10, 1901 to February 16, 1903, was transferred to the General Staff of the X Army Corps . For eighteen months Braun was then company commander in the infantry regiment "von Borcke" (4th Pommersches) No. 21 , was then transferred to the general staff of the 31st Division and on March 1, 1906, was assigned to the War Ministry . As a major (since January 27, 1907), he was employed as a wing adjutant to the Grand Duke of Baden Friedrich II on July 21, 1908. Braun held this position for several years before he resigned from the army on March 22, 1912 and became commander of the in Mainz stationed I. Battalion of the infantry body regiment "Grand Duchess" (3rd Grand Ducal Hessian) No. 117 was appointed. As a lieutenant colonel , he transferred to the regimental staff on October 1, 1913 and was sent directly to the war ministry in Berlin. Here Braun was initially within the General War Department (AD) as a makeshift head of the Substitute Department (A9). On May 30, 1914, he was finally appointed head of department.

First World War

When the First World War broke out , Braun received a troop command and became the commander of Reserve Infantry Regiment No. 13, which he led in conjunction with the 13th Reserve Division, initially during the invasion of neutral Belgium , during the fighting near Liège and Namur as well the further advance to France . After the siege and capture of Maubeuge the fighting on the followed Aisne and the entry into the war of position . Braun gave up his regiment on February 14, 1915 and was then appointed Chief of the General Staff of the IV Reserve Corps . After he had been promoted to colonel on July 24, 1915 , Braun was shortly afterwards transferred to the War Ministry for special use on August 1, 1915 and reinstated in his old position as head of the substitute affairs department. He ended the war as major general in the Substitute Department (C1) of the now named Substitute, Supply and Justice Department (CD) in the War Ministry.


On December 6, 1918, Braun was appointed head of the personnel office within the War Ministry. With the formation of the Provisional Reichswehr , he became the first head of the Army Personnel Office in the Reichswehr Ministry . In this position, Braun played a decisive role in the selection and filling of the officers of the Old Army that were still to be used in the 100,000-strong Reichswehr that was to be formed. He was directly subordinate to the chief of the army command.

During the Kapp Putsch , Reichswehr Minister Noske Braun instructed Lüttwitz to resign from service and be promoted to Colonel General . However, Lüttwitz did not comply with this request. After the putsch was over, the previous chief of the Army Command, Reinhardt, resigned and Major General Seeckt succeeded him. Braun came into conflict with him again and again, as Seeckt insisted on a systematic reduction in the number of older officers who were still on duty.

Although he enjoyed the support of the Reich President , Lieutenant General Braun (since October 1, 1921) submitted his farewell several times, which Ebert finally granted him on March 31, 1922.



  • Dermot Bradley (Ed.): The Generals of the Army 1921-1945. The military careers of the generals, as well as the doctors, veterinarians, intendants, judges and ministerial officials with the rank of general. Volume 2: v. Blanckensee – v. Czettritz and Neuhauß. Biblio Verlag, Osnabrück 1993, ISBN 3-7648-2422-0 , pp. 225-226.
  • Hermann Krome : The Reserve Infantry Regiment No. 13. Berlin 1930.

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Edgar Graf von Matuschka: Organization of the Imperial Army. in Handbook on German Military History 1648–1939. Ed. Military History Research Office , Freiburg (Breisgau), Part VI: Reichswehr and Republic (1918–1933). Bernard & Graefe Verlag for Defense, Frankfurt am Main 1970, p. 314
  2. Harold J. Gordon Jr .: The Reichswehr and the Weimar Republic. Verlag für Wehrwesen Bernard & Graefe, Frankfurt am Main 1959, p. 113
  3. Harold J. Gordon Jr .: The Reichswehr and the Weimar Republic. Verlag für Wehrwesen Bernard & Graefe, Frankfurt am Main 1959, p. 263
  4. a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Ranking list of the Royal Prussian Army and the XIII. (Royal Württemberg) Army Corps for 1914 , Ed .: War Ministry , Ernst Siegfried Mittler & Sohn , Berlin 1914, p. 11