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Coat of arms of Lévis
coat of arms
Flag of Lévis
Motto : Toujours à l'Avant-Garde
Location in Quebec
Lévis (Québec)
State : CanadaCanada Canada
Province : Quebec
Administrative region : Chaudière Appalaches
MRC or equivalent : Lévis
Coordinates : 46 ° 48 ′  N , 71 ° 11 ′  W Coordinates: 46 ° 48 ′  N , 71 ° 11 ′  W
Height : 20  m
Area : 449.31 km²
Residents : 143,414 (as of 2011)
Population density : 319.2 inhabitants / km²
Time zone : Eastern Time ( UTC − 5 )
Municipality number: 25213
Postal code : G6, G7
Mayor : Danielle Roy-Marinelli
Website : ville.levis.qc.ca

Lévis (officially Ville de Lévis ) is a city ( ville ) and at the same time a territorial equivalent to an MRC in the Canadian province of Québec .

It is also the administrative center of the Chaudière-Appalaches administrative region .

The city is located on the south bank of the Saint Lawrence River directly opposite the provincial capital Québec at the mouth of the Chaudière River between Beaumont and Saint-Antoine-de-Tilly. In 2016 it had 143,414 inhabitants.


The origins of the city of Lévis go back to the French colonial days of New France . Samuel de Champlain , who founded the city of Québec in 1608, named the small headland at the mouth of the Chaudière on the opposite south bank Cap-de-Lévis, after Henri de Lévis, the viceroy of New France at the time. In 1636, Jean de Lauzon, the then governor of New France, received the feudal rights for the area of ​​today's city of Lévis, which was still predominantly populated by hostile Iroquois . He founded the Seigneurie Lauzon, but it was not until 1647 that Guillaume Couture achieved a peace agreement with the Iroquois and thus the official colonization of the area. The place name Pointe-de-Lévy was introduced and in 1694 Saint-Joseph-de-la-Pointe-Lévis was finally founded as the first and initially only municipality in the Seigneurie Lauzon.

In 1836 the Seigneurie Lauzon disappeared as a result of the insolvency of the last liege, John Caldwell. The area was put up for sale and finally, after long legal disputes, acquired by the government in 1845 and divided into two parts. In the following years u. a. the municipalities of St-Romuald de l'Etchemin (1855) and St-David de l'Auberivière (1876) were founded. The original municipality of Saint-Joseph-de-la-Pointe-Lévis was renamed the municipality of Lauzon in 1867, which finally received city rights in 1910.

The city of Lévis was founded on May 18, 1861 on the initiative of Pastor Joseph-David Déziel as a merger of the parish of Notre-Dame-de-la-Victoire and the city of d'Aubigny. The name was given in honor of the Chevalier von Lévis, Marshal François-Gaston , under whose command the British were defeated at the Pointe-de-Lévis in the Battle of Sainte-Foy in 1760 with great losses.

Lévis has been part of the Communauté métropolitaine de Québec association since 2002 .

Administrative division

Lévis administrative area

A series of administrative reforms were carried out between 1989 and 2002, at the end of which the original county of Lévis was divided into three of the administrative units, Municipalité régionale de comté , created in 1979 . The administrative area of ​​Lévis now consists of the MRC Municipalités régionale de comté

  • Désjardins
  • Chutes-de-la-Chaudière-Est
  • Chutes-de-la-Chaudière-Ouest

City of Lévis

With the start of the major administrative reforms in September 1989, the cities of Lévis and Lauzon were combined to form the city of Lévis-Lauzon. After disagreements regarding the naming, a referendum was finally held in autumn 1990 in order to come to a decision on the name that was legitimized by the people. Due to this referendum, the city was renamed Lévis on February 22, 1991.

View of the frozen St. Lawrence River

On January 1, 2002, in the course of the second phase of the administrative reforms, nine more localities were incorporated into the city of Lévis as part of a comprehensive, provincial reorganization. The Ville de Lévis has since consisted of the ten districts

  • Lévis
  • Charny
  • Pintendre
  • Sainte-Hélène-de-Breakeyville
  • Saint-Etienne-de-Lauzon
  • Saint-Jean-Chrysostome
  • Saint-Joseph-de-la-Pointe-de-Lévy
  • Saint-Nicolas
  • Saint-Rédempteur
  • Saint-Romuald


The coat of arms of the city of Lévis comes from the family of the patron saint François-Gaston de Lévis. François-Gaston came from a branch of the House of Lévis, a vassal house of the House of Montfort-l'Amaury .

The heraldic designation ( blazon ) of the coat of arms reads:

D'or à trois chevrons de sable


Population by MRC and age groups (2005)

Chaudière-Ouest Chaudière-est Desjardins Lévis
0-14 years 6518 7811 7040 21369
15–24 years 4780 4339 6842 15961
25–64 years 20323 27338 27763 75424
65 years and + 1805 3905 7932 13642
Total population 33426 43393 49577 126396

Population composition (2006)

The last population growth of the city of Lévis was 1.3% in 5 years. Lévis is one of the most homogeneous Canadian communities: over 99% of the population have European ancestry and over 97% are French native speakers. Immigrants and members of the indigenous population ( premières nations ) form a comparatively small minority. The median income is around 20% above the provincial average and the unemployment rate is around half the provincial average.

City of Lévis Quebec Province
Middle age of the inhabitants 39.4 years 41.0 years
french Native speaker 97.45% 79.05%
immigrant 1.55% 11.45%
Canadian citizens 99.44% 96.23%
Residents of the premières nations 0.30% 1.46%
Unemployed 3.6% 7.0%
Average earnings $ 29,710 $ 24,430

Source: Statistics Canada


Lévis is the largest agglomeration and at the same time the economic center of the administrative region of Chaudière-Appalaches. The city of Lévis accounts for around a third of the population and the economic turnover of the administrative region Chaudière-Appalaches.

The economic importance of the city of Lévis is largely due to the presence of several large commercial companies, including:

  • Frito-Lay Canada (potato snacks)
  • Davie Québec (shipyard)
  • Ultramar ltée (petroleum refinery)
  • Teknion Roy & Breton Inc. (furniture)
  • Caisses Desjardins (Cooperative Bank)

The Hydro-Québec operates in the city one of the largest substations in Canada, including the so-called Lévis de-icer , a plant for de-icing of overhead lines .


Transport links

The ferry terminal in Lévis

In addition to a ferry from the Société des traversiers du Québec , which connects Québec with the old town of Lévis, two important bridges between Lévis and Québec cross the Saint Lawrence River. In addition to road traffic , the Québec Bridge , completed in 1919, also carries rail and pedestrian traffic, whereas the Pont Pierre-Laporte, completed in 1970, serves exclusively as a motorway bridge .

In 1854 Lévis was connected to the Grand Trunk Railway . The route along the St. Lawrence Valley leads southeast via Richmond to Montreal and on across Ontario to Chicago . It leads northwest along the south bank of the St. Lawrence River in the Gaspésie to Rimouski and on to Nova Scotia and Maine .

In 1920 the route became the property of Canadian National and is now operated by its subsidiary, the Grand Trunk Corporation.

View from Québec over the Saint Lawrence River to Lévis

Higher educational institutions

Important personalities in the city

Town twinning

Web links

Commons : Lévis  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. ^ Population and dwelling counts, for Canada and census subdivisions (municipalities), 2016 and 2011 censuses. Statistics Canada, accessed August 1, 2017 .
  2. ^ Community Profile Lévis. Statistics Canada, accessed August 14, 2012 .
  3. ^ Lévis et Grand Quevilly depuis plus de 40 ans! (PDF; 487 kB) Archived from the original on March 22, 2016 ; Retrieved on August 14, 2012 (French).