|Region :||Central Greece|
|Regional District :||Fthiotida|
|Geographic coordinates :||38 ° 54 ' N , 22 ° 26' E|
|Area :||942.86 km²|
|Residents :||75,315 (2011)|
|Population density :||79.9 inhabitants / km²|
|LAU-1 code no .:|
|Districts :||5 municipal districts|
|Local self-government :||
2 city districts |
45 local communities
|Location in the Central Greece region|
Lamia ( Greek Λαμία ( f. Sg. )) Is the capital of the region of Central Greece .
Today the city has around 75,000 inhabitants.
About 9 km south of the city are the hot springs and the battlefield of Thermopylae .
The origin of the name of the city of Lamia has not yet been established. Some sources claim the city was named after the mythical figure of Lamia , daughter of Poseidon and Queen of the Trachineers . Other clues suggest that the name was derived from the Malians , the inhabitants of the area around the city.
In Lamia, a large pre-Classical castle was archaeologically excavated , which was rebuilt in the early Middle Ages . The oldest surviving mention of the city comes from the time after an earthquake in 424 BC. At that time Lamia was an important military base for the Spartans . Later, Alexander the Great , king of the Macedonians , conquered the city. His successor Antipater sought refuge in the city during an uprising of the Athenians after Alexander's death, which was followed by the one-year Lamish War , which began in 323 BC. BC to 322 BC And was only ended when the commander of the Athenian troops, Leosthenes , fell and a 20,000-strong Macedonian relief army had advanced.
In the 3rd century BC The city's heyday began under Aetolian rule, which began around 190 BC. BC ended when the Roman consul Acilius Glabrio came here to prevent the native population from Antiochus III. would assist in a war against the Roman Empire.
In the Middle Ages, the city, then called Zetounion , became the seat of an Orthodox bishop . Under the rule of the Franks it was called Girton , during the Catalan rule El Cito . The Turks called her Iztin .
In its present form, the city was created on January 1, 2011 by incorporating the neighboring communities of Gorgopotamos , Lianokladi , Pavliani and Ypati .
Today Lamia is the trading center of a predominantly agricultural region, with the food industry being the main source of income for the city. In addition to the industrial park, there is also an important agricultural fair in the city. The city is of minor importance for tourism.
Lamia is an important traffic junction on the Thessaloniki - Athens road link with connections to Volos in the east and Karpenisi in the west.
The Piraeus – Thessaloniki railway bypasses the city to the west. The Lianokladi train station is located here . Three other, former railway stations in the area of the city, Gorgopotamus , Lygaria and Stirfaka , are no longer in operation today. A branch line leads from the main route to the city center.
The nearest port is in the town of Stylis, about 15 kilometers east of the Malian Gulf .
The military airfield ( ICAO : LG53 ) is two kilometers south of Lamia, opposite the Central Greece Technological Education Institute . The asphalt runway with an orientation of 13/31 is 1040 m long and 25 m wide. The military airfield is 12 m (38 ft) above sea level .
There is a small folklore museum in the center of town and an archaeological museum in the castle, which houses a large collection of finds from the pre-classical period.
sons and daughters of the town
- Aris Velouchiotis (1905–1945), leader of the communist wing of the Greek partisan movement in World War II
- Athanasios Diakos (1788–1821), Greek freedom fighter and national hero during the Greek Revolution
- Niki Tzavela (* 1947), Greek politician
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for
Source: Lamia climate data on hnms.gr.
- ↑ Results of the 2011 census at the National Statistical Service of Greece (ΕΛ.ΣΤΑΤ) ( Memento from June 27, 2015 in the Internet Archive ) (Excel document, 2.6 MB)
- ^ Lamia Airport. In: airportguide.com. Retrieved February 1, 2020 .