|legal form||Part of the APMøller Mærsk Group|
|Seat||Copenhagen , Denmark|
Maersk Line is the world's largest container shipping - shipping company . It belongs to the Danish group of companies AP Møller-Mærsk . In 2017, the capacity was 2.84 million 20-foot containers (TEU).
Until World War II
In 1928, six 6.000-7.000- dwt - motor vessels , the first scheduled service (Maersk Line) established the shipping company. It connected the east coast and west coast of the USA with Japan and Shanghai . In February of that year the company's tanker activities began; the on the Copenhagen shipyard Burmeister & Wain -built 11,200 dwt tanker Emma Mærsk was the first for the shipping company propelled tanker .
The fleet was expanded in 1934 to include the 9,000 tdw motorized cargo ship Nora Mærsk , which was built at the Odense Staalskibsværft shipyard ( Odense , Denmark), which is also part of the group . However, it sank two years later after a fire on board in Indonesia . In December 1936, the 16,500 tdw tanker Eleonora Mærsk built at the Deutsche Werft ( Hamburg ) was put into service. This tanker was the shipping company's largest ship at the time. Two 9,000 tdw cargo ships from the Bremer Vulkan shipyard ( Marchen Mærsk and Grete ) were added to the fleet in 1937. At the beginning of the Second World War , the shipping company owned 46 ships, making it the second largest shipping company in Denmark.
During the Second World War
During the Second World War, the shipping company's ships were placed under US control and served in the US Navy . More than half of the ships were lost during this time. In June 1945 the Mærsk-Line's fleet consisted of seven ships, another 14 were under the control of the USA until 1946. Between 1947 and 1948, numerous new ships were ordered from shipyards in Denmark, Germany , Italy , the Netherlands , Belgium and Japan . In addition, the shipping company took over some American Liberty ships and ships of the types C-1 as well as Hansa A and Hansa B built during the war .
Growth, acquisitions and records after World War II
With 13 motor ships of a new, fast freighter class, the Mærsk shipping company owned as many ships in 1953 as before the Second World War. In 1954 the Odense Staalskibsværft delivered its largest ship to date with the turbine tanker Regina Mærsk , which was given the typical blue outer hull paint for the first time.
In 1972 the gas tanker Inge Mærsk was the first ship of this type to enter service. In January 1974 the Japanese- built 2,000 TEU ship MCS Svendborg Mærsk became the first container ship on the Mærsk Line. In July 1974 the Odens shipyard delivered the 330,000 tdw tanker Kristine Mærsk , the largest European tanker. Six more ships of this class were put into service by 1977. The German shipyards Blohm & Voss ( Hamburg ) and Flender-Werft ( Lübeck ) delivered nine 1,200 TEU container ships of the Adrian Mærsk class for the Trans-Pacific route from August 1975 to 1976 .
In 1979 the shipping company moved to the new headquarters in Copenhagen. From 1979 to 1980, six RoRo ships of the Elisabeth Mærsk class built at the Odens shipyard were taken over. In January 1981, Mærsk Line opened its own container service on the Europe-Middle East route with the 2,000 TEU container ship Laura Mærsk . By 1985 ten more ships of this class were put into service. A transatlantic service started in 1988.
With the Marchen Mærsk built in April 1988 on the Odense Staalskibsværft , the shipping company took over the world's largest container ship (4,300 TEU) at the time. Eleven more ships of this class followed by 1991. In 1989 Mærsk Line introduced a third standard container size with the 45 'container. The 80,000 m³ gas tanker Inger Mærsk was added to the fleet in 1992. After the first 300,000 tdw double-hull tanker , the Eleo Mærsk built on Odense Staalskibsværft , five more large tankers were taken over by 1995.
In March 1993 the Mærsk Line took over the Ben-EAC container line with nine large container ships. This made it the world's largest container line. The 4,300 TEU Panamax container ship Dragør Mærsk , built by Hyundai Heavy Industries ( Ulsan ) , was the first in a series of 17 such freighters to be delivered in December 1995. The 6,000 TEU container ship Regina Mærsk was the world's largest container ship in 1996.
After the end of the five-year cooperation with P&O in May 1996, a new container service was started with the Sea-Land Corporation . In September 1997 the Odense shipyard built the Sovereign Mærsk, the world's first 8,000 TEU freighter for Mærsk. In February 1999 Mærsk took over the South African shipping company Safmarine, including 40 own and chartered container ships.
In November 1999 Mærsk bought Sea-Land Corporation with 70 ships and container terminals from CSX Corporation . The company was then run under the name Mærsk Sealand . In June 2001 Mærsk bought the Dutch shipping company Smit-Wijsmüller with more than 250 ships. In September 2002 Mærsk also took over the Danish company Torm , which was integrated under the Safmarine brand .
In March 2003, the Odense shipyard delivered the Axel Mærsk, the largest and longest container ship in the world at the time with the largest loading capacity. It was followed by five other ships of this class ( Anna Mærsk , Arnold Mærsk , Arthur Mærsk , Adrian Mærsk and Albert Mærsk ) by 2004 .
A 120,000 m³ gas tanker was taken over by Samsung Heavy Industries ( South Korea ) in April 2004 . From May to October 2004 Volkswerft Stralsund built three 2,100 TEU freighters for Safmarine. In June 2005, the Odense shipyard once again built the Gudrun Mærsk , the world's largest container ship to be used on the Europe-Middle East route.
On May 11, 2005 it was announced that Mærsk Sealand wanted to acquire the third largest container shipping company Royal P&O Nedlloyd NV , based in Rotterdam (Netherlands), for 2.3 billion euros. In August 2005 the shareholders decided to take over. Since February 2006, P&O Nedlloyd has been integrated into the company, which has been operating again under the name “Mærsk Line”, which was used until 1999. As a result, it has expanded its market leadership in the field of container transport capacity by ship and now provides almost 18% of global capacity.
Another size record for the shipping company was the 398-meter-long container ship Emma Mærsk . Completion was delayed due to a fire before the ship was christened in Odense in August 2006 . Until the beginning of November 2012, the Emma Mærsk and her seven E-class sister ships ( Eleonora Mærsk, Estelle Mærsk, Evelyn Mærsk, Ebba Mærsk, Elly Mærsk, Edith Mærsk, Eugen Mærsk ) were the largest container ships in the world - they were made by the CMA CGM Marco Polo replaced. The shipping company specifies the nominal capacity of the ships at 15,000 TEU. According to the shipping company, 11,000 TEU with a weight of 14 tons each have space on board these Suezmax container ships.
As of July 2013, Mærsk again owned the largest container ships with the 18,270 TEU ships of the Triple E class , which at 399 meters were also the longest sailing ships in the world.
Mærsk Line and MSC form the 2M alliance.
In March 1996, were on board Maersk Dubai incident on the journey from Spain to Canada stowaways discovered which were thrown in the wake overboard. In May 1996 stowaways were discovered again, one of whom was thrown overboard and the second was hidden by crew members . The crew members reported the incidents after the second incident in Canada. The captain of the ship was then brought to trial in Canada and later in his home country Taiwan , but was not convicted.
In April 2009, the Maersk Alabama was attacked by pirates off the Somali coast and the ship's captain was taken hostage. He was later freed by US Navy Special Forces.
On April 28, 2015, the Maersk Tigris, flying the flag of the Marshall Islands, was seized by the Iranian Navy in the Persian Gulf and taken to the port of Bandar Abbas .
On May 14, 2015, the boom of a container bridge broke off during fire-fighting work in the Bremerhaven seaport and fell 40 meters into the hold of the Maersk Karachi container ship together with the driver's cab . The 52-year-old crane driver was fatally injured. Nine days after the accident, a fire broke out during rescue work, presumably due to burning and welding work in the hold. Four fire boats, the fire brigade and the technical relief organization pumped the hold full of fire water. The incidents caused millions in damage to the shipping company. The ship was able to leave Bremerhaven in October 2015 after the contaminated extinguishing water had been pumped out by a specialist company and the container had been salvaged.
On March 6, 2018, the Maersk Honam caught fire in the Arabian Sea while sailing from Singapore to the Suez Canal .
|Surname||Construction year||Load capacity||measurement||TEU||speed||Machine performance||length||width||Draft|
|Mærsk-A-Class I.||1974-1976||35,108 dwt||33,400 GT||2,328 TEU||24.0 kn||29,420 kW||239.26 m||30.54 m||15.0 m|
|Mærsk A class II||2003-2004||109,000 dwt||93,496 GT||8,272 TEU||26.0 kn||63,000 kW||352.25 m||42.8 m||15.0 m|
|Mærsk C class||2000-2002||110,000 dwt||91,921 GT||8,648 TEU||25.5 kn||63,000 kW||346.98 m||42.8 m||14.5 m|
|Mærsk-Edinburgh class||2010-2011||140,580 dwt||142,400 GT||13,092 TEU||24.3 kn||68,640 kW||366.00 m||48.2 m||15.5 m|
|Emma Mærsk class||2006-2008||156,907 dwt||170,794 GT||14,770 TEU||27.0 kn||80,080 kW||397.00 m||56.4 m||16.5 m|
|Triple E class||2013-2015||194,153 dwt||194,849 GT||18,270 TEU||25.0 kn||2 × 29,680 kW||399.00 m||59.0 m||15.5 m|
|Gudrun Mærsk class||2005-2006||115,700 dwt||97,933 GT||9,024 TEU||26.0 kn||68,640 kW||367.28 m||42.8 m||15.5 m|
|Mærsk-L-Class I.||1980-1983||53,688 dwt||30,694 GT||3,016 TEU||24.0 kn||34,571 kW||212.48 m||32.2 m||12.5 m|
|Mærsk-L-Class II||1983-1985||53,325 dwt||43,332 GT||3,840 TEU||24.0 kn||34,967 kW||270.00 m||32.2 m||13.0 m|
|Mærsk-M-Class I.||1988-1991||53,325 dwt||52,181 GT||4,300 TEU||24.0 kn||38,190 kW||294.12 m||32.2 m||13.5 m|
|Mærsk M class II||2008-2009||116,100 dwt||98,268 GT||10,150 TEU||25.5 kn||68,640 kW||366.90 m||42.8 m||15.0 m|
|Mærsk S-Class||1997-2000||104,750 dwt||91,560 GT||8,160 TEU||24.6 kn||55,681 kW||346.98 m||42.8 m||14.5 m|
|Mærsk H class||since 2015||162,050 dwt||153,744 GT||15,226 TEU||54,960 kW||353.02 m||53.50 m||15.0 m|
|Mærsk V class||2015-2019||42,000 dwt||34,882 GT||3,596 TEU||19.0 kn||17,279 kW||200.00 m||35.20 m||11.0 m|
- ^ Maersk strategy and performance . Retrieved August 5, 2019.
- ^ Alliance. (No longer available online.) Archived from the original on December 10, 2017 ; accessed on May 31, 2017 . Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice.
- ↑ Iran brings up "Maersk Tigris". In: tagesschau.de. Tagesschau, April 28, 2015, archived from the original on April 30, 2015 ; retrieved on April 28, 2015 : “Iranian patrol boats stopped a cargo ship of the Danish shipping company Maersk with warning shots over the bow. The container ship, which sails under the flag of the Marshall Islands, was then directed to the port of Bandar Abbas, said Pentagon spokesman Steve Warren. "
- ^ André Germann: "Maersk Honam" burns in the Arabian Sea , THB - Deutsche Schiffahrts-Zeitung , March 7, 2018.