MV Werften Stralsund

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
MV Werften Stralsund
legal form Company with limited liability
founding June 15, 1948
Seat Stralsund , Germany
management Peter Fetten
Branch shipbuilding

MV Werften Stralsund, 2018
MV Werften Stralsund, 2018

The MV yards Stralsund (1948-2010: Volkswerft Stralsund , 2010-2014: P + S shipyards , 2015-2016: volkswerft ) in the German city of Stralsund is a shipyard of the group Genting.

The company was founded in 1948 and made a major contribution to the construction of fishing ships in the German Democratic Republic (GDR). After 1990, the shipyard initially specialized in the construction of container ships and offshore suppliers . Since 2005, the second largest container ships manufactured in Germany with a capacity of around 4200  TEU (standard container ) have been built at the Stralsund Volkswerft. In 2009 the shipyard changed its focus towards special shipbuilding; from June 2014, parts for offshore wind turbines were also manufactured. Since March 2016, the shipyard has belonged to the Malaysian-Chinese company Genting Hong Kong , which has cruise ships and parts for cruise ships built here.


1945 to 1990

Until the end of April 1945 ships for the German navy were built at the Kröger shipyard in Stralsund . When the Red Army advanced on Stralsund, the owners of the shipyard, the Kröger brothers, fled to the western part of Germany, taking all floating boats and production facilities with them. In October 1945 the Soviet Military Administration in Germany (SMAD) ordered the seizure and takeover of the property of the German Reich, the NSDAP , war criminals and active National Socialists with Orders No. 124 and 126 . The sequestering commission established in Stralsund , consisting of representatives of the city council , the SED , LDPD , CDU and the FDGB , decided to seize 34 companies, including the Kröger shipyard, the Dornquast shipyard and branches of Siemens & Halske , Siemens- Schuckert and AEG .

On October 9, 1945, the Ingenieurbau Ges.mbH was founded as the successor to the former Kröger shipyard ; 106 employees worked there. The city of Stralsund was the main shareholder with 90% of the shares. In March 1946 the expropriated Kröger brothers demanded in a letter to the Lord Mayor of Stralsund the return of the shipyard with the words: "The reopening of the shipyard will only be possible by really experienced shipbuilding experts who are familiar with the local conditions." Reconstruction began, whereby the rubble was first removed and the remaining shipyards dismantled. In May 1946, SMAD handed over the confiscated factories to the federal states and provinces for self-administration. In the same month, the first ship repairs were carried out at the shipyard and the construction of the first fishing trawler began in September 1946. In March 1948 the decision to expropriate u. a. the Kröger shipyard on the basis of the "Law No. 4 to secure the peace by transferring the factories of the fascist war criminals into the hands of the people" their legal force, the enterprise was finally transferred into public property. In 1947 the deputy head of the SMAD, Army General Vasily Ivanovich Tschuikow , and the representative of the "German Economic Commission" Fritz Selbmann met on the site of the shipyard . They checked the possibilities of building a large shipyard on site. Still under the name Ingenieurbau Ges.mbH , the first fishing ship was delivered on April 25, 1948, more than 1000 employees were now working here. On June 7, 1948, SMAD ordered the construction of a shipyard in Stralsund in order no.103, which was entered in the commercial register on June 15, 1948 as the state-owned company VEB Volkswerft Stralsund and on July 1, 1948, the Association of People's Own Shipyards (VVW) was assumed.

On July 1, 1948, a training workshop was set up, from which the shipyard's teaching combine emerged on October 17, 1949 . This meant that the urgently needed young people were trained almost entirely at the shipyard itself; In 1949 a total of 4420 people were employed here, although of the 727 workers in shipbuilding only 39 were trained shipbuilders . BSG Motor Stralsund was founded on September 27, 1948 . In the same month, a “young activist conference organized by the FDJ and FDGB took place with 100 young people who demanded higher work performance in order to fulfill the two-year plan. This plan included the development of swampy terrain as building land for the new factory buildings, for which over 8,000 piles had to be driven. On October 28, 1948, the bricklayer foreman and later honorary citizen of Stralsund, Paul Sack, performed a well-organized high-performance shift, during which he exceeded the norm with 2,600 bricked stones with 430%; further such layers of other masons followed. Whereas 44 days were needed to build Hall II, it was only 12 days for Hall V. The " activist movement " was launched.

On November 7, 1949, four weeks before the visit of the President of the GDR Wilhelm Pieck , the first logger named "October Revolution" was launched . Instead of the riveting process , the full welding process was used for the first time. The logger was built in fewer and fewer hours: the 401 logger took 212,247 hours, the 403 logger 159,337 and the 406 logger 94,268 hours. To the III. At the SED party congress in July 1950, the completion of the two-year plan with the completion of the logger 424 was reported as the “ship of the party”. At the beginning of the first five-year plan , the Stralsund shipyard workers challenged the workers of the other GDR shipyards to "mass competition". On October 13, 1951, the first deep-sea fishing vessel of the GDR, Trawler ROS 201, was launched in the presence of Deputy Prime Minister Heinrich Rau . In his speech, he emphasized that the shipyard workers had exceeded the plan for logger production by five loggers.

On July 2, 1952, the "Speranski" company polyclinic (named after Alexei Speranski ) was opened to provide medical care for the shipyard employees. At the beginning of 1953, the shipyard workers Dittmeier and the later Stralsund honorary citizen Otto Nautsch formed the first “ complex brigades ” to implement “collective activist work”. A "battle plan for the most economical use of materials" provided for savings in coal , coke , sheet metal , iron and oil worth 700,000 marks. On June 18, 1953, strikes broke out at the shipyard , which, as everywhere in the GDR , were quickly ended by the state power during the 1953 popular uprising . As a result, plans were lowered, but combat groups were also built; By the end of 1953, the Volkswerft's combat group had 60 members.

The fourth party congress of the SED in March / April 1954 brought the decision to produce additional mass goods for one billion marks in 1954. The Volkswerft produced galvanized tubs, water buckets and spare parts for agricultural machines. To improve the tense housing situation (numerous houses were destroyed in the bombing raid on Stralsund on October 6, 1944 ), the Volkswerft workers' housing cooperative (AWG) was founded on June 8, 1954 (in 1996 it had 3975 apartments). On January 3, 1956, Wilhelm Pieck's 80th birthday, a shipyard tug was launched that had been built by young people in 20,000 hours of voluntary work and from saved material. In the same year the shipyard newspaper “Unser Werft” reported that 450 young shipyard employees had voluntarily joined the CIP . Klaus-Jürgen Baarß , later Deputy Chief of the Air Force of the GDR, learned to build steel ships at the Volkswerft; he was one of those men.

From 1954 the Volkswerft developed into one of the largest export companies in the GDR; Ships were primarily produced for the Soviet Union . 594 loggers were built from 1949 to 1958. The first side trawler was handed over to the Rostock fish combine on May 17, 1952 . After the GDR's foreign trade was mainly directed towards the Soviet Union in 1954, Volkswerft presented itself for the first time in western countries at the fishing fair in Copenhagen in May 1956 . The 350th logger was also exhibited here; Iceland ordered 12 loggers, the first of which, a walback side catcher, was exported to Iceland on October 31, 1957. On June 16, 1956, the first of twenty steel cutters destined for the GDR high seas fleet with an overall length of 26.5 meters was launched. The first medium trawler was handed over to the Soviet Union on August 9, 1957 in the presence of the First Deputy of the Council of Ministers of the USSR Anastas Ivanovich Mikojan and the Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the GDR Otto Grotewohl . It marked the beginning of 172 large-scale series that formed the main part of the Volkswerft program until 1960, of which 171 were handed over to the Soviet fishing fleet. Thanks to this major order, the city of Stralsund took second place in export volume in 1960 out of 13 districts in the Baltic Sea district ; the Volkswerft produced 32.4% of export production (282 million marks).

Logger, built in 1958

As part of the national reconstruction work , a passenger ferry was built at the shipyard and launched on April 30, 1957. "Der Stralsunder" has been serving the " White Fleet " on the Strelasund since August 1957 . On January 1, 1958, the previously independent VEB Schiffbau- und Reparaturwerft Stralsund was incorporated into the Volkswerft as a ship repairs division. After the fifth party congress of the SED, at which the shipyard was commissioned to build larger ships for the future, the project planning work for the " Tropik " type began . The first stern-catching ship of the type was laid down for the Soviet fishing fleet in September 1960 . The ship was able to process and freeze the catch below deck while at sea. The West German Hallstein Doctrine , however, also had an impact on the Volkswerft; the delivery of steel and other material was delayed or did not materialize, and many shipyard workers used the open border with the Federal Republic to flee. New ways of fulfilling the plan were therefore sought within the “ socialist competition ”. Engineers at the shipyard succeeded in developing a controllable pitch propeller for the Tropik series that made production more independent of western deliveries. However, in 1961 the shipyard did not succeed in fulfilling the plan.

In May 1962, an automatic flow line was put into operation on which plates were transported from the steel store via several stations to Hall VII, and on November 15, 1962, a 3000- ton ship lifting and lowering system. In the same year the first ship of the "Tropik" type was delivered. On July 15, 1963, at the 29th session of the State Council, Walter Ulbricht , the Chairman of the State Council of the GDR, assessed the planned economic situation of the Volkswerft as follows: “The Stralsund shipyard workers have clearly recognized the connection between the level of their living standards and the highest scientific and technical level. Today they are lagging behind the comparable West German Rickmers shipyard, which is expressed in 20 percent higher production costs. They are determined to catch up and they know the way. ”61% of the end product, in this case the“ Tropik ”ships, was provided by the supply industry. Therefore, in August 1963, the Volkswerft started a “complex competition” with the suppliers, including the VEB Kühlautomat Berlin, to eliminate the excessive effort involved in manufacturing the ships, which was also achieved; For the first time, the costs of the “Tropik” 7031 ship were reduced by 20%, and for the “Tropik” 7044 ship by a further 10%. The construction time was reduced from 310 days for ship 7014 to 161 days for ship 7056. For this, the Volkswerft received the banner of work on October 6, 1964 . With an industrial production amounting to 416 million marks, the shipyard generated 76.5% of the total industrial production in Stralsund this year, the city was in first place in the Rostock district with 41.1% of the export volume thanks to the shipyard.

On June 22, 1965, the Volkswerft launched a new type of ship called the “ Atlantic ” on Kiel. On November 7, 1966, the last of 86 ships of the type "Tropik" was handed over, on April 24, 1967 the first ship of the type "Atlantic" was handed over to the Soviet Union, for which 360,000 working hours were expended. As the Soviet Foreign Trade Minister Nikolai Patolichev discovered during a visit to the shipyard on March 17, 1967, the Volkswerft had the largest share of exports of all GDR companies to the USSR. In November 1967, the 1000th ship “Atlantik” 7120 was completed at the Volkswerft.

Atlantic- type ships at the equipment quay, 1967

Another company was incorporated on January 1, 1968 with the "Maschinen- und Apparatebau Stralsund". In the same year the dispatcher center was rationalized, the EDP system "Robotron 300" was installed and an automatically controlled flow line for profile production and a complex galvanizing plant for pipe construction were introduced. On January 1, 1971, the "Trassenheide fish processing machine", "Greifswald boat and repair yard" and "Greifswald metal processing facility" were incorporated into the Volkswerft and on January 30, 1971 the foundation stone for the large section building hall was laid; This assembly hall, 32 meters high, 148 meters long and 78 meters wide, was completed in 1973 and enabled a weather-protected installation. After the last of 107 ships of the "Atlantic" type was handed over in 1970, the keel of the first ship of the " Atlantic Supertrawler " type was laid on March 16, 1971 . The former holiday ship of the FDGB Fritz Heckert served from 1972 in the Stralsund harbor to accommodate additionally recruited shipyard workers. In the same year 17 ships of the type "Atlantic", one of the type "Atlantic Supertrawler" and six research vessels were built at the shipyard. On June 22, 1973 the new production halls IX and X were taken over. At the beginning of February 1974, the Volkswerft was awarded the Patriotic Order of Merit in gold . On the 30th anniversary of the company, the shipyard was able to record 1238 ships and boats built here, 1,198 of which were fishing vessels, of which 1108 were sailing under the Soviet flag.

On January 1, 1979, the Volkswerft was subordinated to the Rostock shipbuilding combine . On December 22nd, 1980 the first freeze trawler-Seiner type "Atlantik-333" was laid, which was handed over on January 2nd, 1981. A welding robot was used for the first time in 1985. In the same year, the Stralsund shipyard was listed as number one in the world for the construction of fishing vessels by Londoner Lloyd .

Kong Harald, built in 1993 at the Volkswerft

1990–1993: Deutsche Maschinen- und Schiffbau AG Rostock and Treuhand

With the turnaround and peaceful revolution in the GDR in 1990, the sales market in the "East" collapsed completely. According to the last intergovernmental agreement between the GDR and the Soviet Union from January 24, 1990 to 1995, the Volkswerft was supposed to produce 45 trawlers for the Soviet Union. On June 1, 1990 Volkswerft was converted into a GmbH , a subsidiary of Deutsche Maschinen- und Schiffbau AG in Rostock, fully owned by the Treuhandanstalt . In 1991, the client announced that the seven factory trawlers were insolvent; A production stop for the ships to be delivered to Russia was decided. By 1994 three passenger cargo ships ( MS Kong Harald , MS Richard With , MS Nordlys ) will be handed over to the Norwegian Hurtigruten .

Logo Bremer Vulkan

1993–1997: Bremer Vulkan und Treuhand

The first privatization of the Volkswerft took place in 1993 under the leadership of the Bremer Vulkan Group. On February 21, 1996, the Vulkan Group filed for bankruptcy. As a result, it became known that millions of amounts of funds intended for the eastern German operations of the Vulkan group had been diverted to the western German operations of the Vulkan group inappropriately. The shipyard was spun off into the Ostseebeteiligungsgesellschaft , whose main shareholder was the BvS . The new shipbuilding assembly hall was officially put into operation on July 5, 1997: With a height of 74 meters, a length of 300 meters and a width of 108 meters, it was the largest shipbuilding hall in the world at the time. At the same time, the new ship lift was handed over, which with a lifting capacity of 21,735 tons is by far the largest in the world at the time. In 1997, the Michaela S., a container ship of the standard type Flender FW 2500, developed by Flender Werft AG , Lübeck (formerly Flender-Werke ), which belongs to Bremer Vulkan , was built for the first time at Volkswerft. The type CV 2500 is, partly in a further developed version, the most built ship type of the shipyard since 1997.

Logo AP Møller-Mærsk

1998-2007: AP Møller-Mærsk

On January 31, 1998, the shipyard was privatized for the second time. The Danish company A. P. Møller-Mærsk took over the majority share for 25 million DM. On September 23, 1999, Volkswerft received the “European Structural Steel Award” for the design of the shipbuilding hall. In June 2004, the 1,600th new building left the Stralsund shipyard. In April 2005 the existing ship lift was extended by 40 meters to 275 meters. The lift was thus able to lower 4000 TEU container ships of the Panamax class, which were now being built in the shipyard, to a depth of eleven meters. The expansion of the plant cost almost ten million euros . This facility is unique in the world. The new buildings were built at ground level in the shipbuilding hall, then pulled out of the hall and rolled onto the ship's elevator and lowered into the water there. Thanks to orders from the Maersk Sealand shipping company, the shipyard's capacity was secured until 2008.

Maersk Boston , in March 2006 in front of the Volkswerft

In 2003, three container ships of the Olga Maersk class with a capacity of 3,028 TEU and a length above sea level were sold. of 237 meters built. They were the largest ships ever built at the Volkswerft. In 2004 and 2005 a further six ships of the 2500 TEU type were built. This capacity was exceeded by seven ships with space for more than 3000 TEU, the first of which was laid down on August 19, 2005. The ships were 293 meters long and 33 meters wide and intended for the A.-P.-Møller-Mærsk group. This ensured that the shipyard would be fully utilized until the end of 2007. The prerequisite for the construction was the dredging of the Stralsund eastern approach to the Strelasund to 7.5 meters; Dredging the 50 kilometers by sea cost 16 million euros. Unloaded, a 3000 TEU container freighter still has about one meter of water under the keel when it passes the Strelasund. Due to the sharp rise in steel prices, the Volkswerft posted a minus in the double-digit million range in 2006 and 2007. Since no sliding clause had been agreed for the ships ordered, which would have enabled the shipyard to pass price increases on to the purchase price, but the costs for the production of a container ship had risen from 35 million in 2004 to 50-55 million euros, the losses had to be made otherwise collected. The Christmas bonus for employees was suspended and a 40-hour week agreed. In summer 2005, work began on a new series of seven 4200 TEU Panamax container ships, and in autumn 2005 the first was laid down. The first of seven such 293 meter long freighters was pulled out of the shipbuilding hall on February 19, 2006 and launched into the water. In May 2006 it was delivered as Maersk Boston as the largest container ship built in Germany. Equipped with a 12-cylinder Sulzer diesel with 93,400 hp, it reaches a service speed of 29.2 knots , making it  the fastest container ship in the world. It sails under the British flag and is used in the transpacific service.

Anchor-pulling supply vessel Maersk Leader , built in 2009

In December 2006 the EU Commission approved state aid for the shipyard in the amount of 4.2 million euros. Volkswerft invested 18.8 million euros in the modernization, including these funds.

2007–2010: Hegemann Group

At the end of July 2007 the shipyard changed hands. According to the Financial Times Deutschland, the purchase price on July 5, 2007 was 26 million euros, other estimates are between 40 and 100 million euros, depending on the order book. The new owner, Detlef Hegemann , considered changing the name to “Hanse-Werft”, which was rejected by the workforce. In September the inscription “VOLKSWERFT STRALSUND” was demonstratively renewed on the facade of the shipyard hall, including the addition “d h”, Hegemann's initials. A cube that can be seen from afar on an administration high-rise, bearing the ship symbol on two sides, was supplemented by the initials “d h”.

The last ship of the 4200 TEU Panmax series was launched on November 4, 2007. From 2008, another 2500 TEU container ships were produced. In May 2009 the shipyard still had firm orders for three container ships and five anchor-pulling supply ships.

Due to the falling demand for container ships, the shipyard changed its focus in 2009 towards special shipbuilding. In May 2009 it announced that it had signed a contract with the shipping company Premicon AG for the construction of six river cruise ships , three of which were agreed as a firm order and three more as an option.

The site of the shipyard with shipbuilding hall (2011)

2010–2014: P + S shipyards

In June 2010 the P + S Werften GmbH was established , in which the Stralsunder Volkswerft and the Wolgaster Peenewerft were merged. HSW Treuhand- und Beteiligungsgesellschaft , a subsidiary of the Frankfurt-based Cornelius Treuhand GmbH , held 93% of the shares in the GmbH, and the Hegemann Group held the remaining 7% .

Logo P + S Werften
The two ferries for Scandlines (2012)

The P + S Shipyards GmbH to file for bankruptcy in August 2012 found. The shipyard's employees initially received insolvency compensation and were then taken over by a rescue company established for this purpose. Shipbuilding operations were suspended from September 2012 to January 2013; then the construction of two ferries for the Danish shipping company Det Forenede Dampskibs-Selskab (DFDS) was resumed.

During the insolvency proceedings, a buyer was sought for Volkswerft itself as well as for two ferry ships that had not been accepted ( Berlin and Copenhagen ), which were manufactured on behalf of the shipping company Scandlines . It was not until March 2014 that the ships, which had turned out to be too heavy, were sold to the original client for one sixth of the original purchase price.

Most of the workers at the insolvent P + S-Werften GmbH who moved to the transfer company were employed in Stralsund; There they worked on two shipbuilding orders from the P + S shipyards at the Volkswerft for the newly founded Stralsund shipbuilding company until the beginning of 2014; of the 1681 workers who switched to the transfer company from November 2012 onwards, 833 were employed at the beginning of July 2013. At the beginning of August 2013, the Ostsee-Zeitung reported for the first time that Vitaly Yusufov, the Russian owner of Nordic Yards , had expressed an interest in taking over Volkswerft. Berthold Brinkmann, appointed as insolvency administrator, announced in mid-August 2013 that he would be in talks with several interested parties. In addition to the owner of Nordic Yards, a holding company from Tatarstan was also in discussion. In August 2013, Brinkmann assumed that the shipyard would have a new owner by the end of 2013. The 750 workers still remaining in the transfer company became unemployed on November 1, 2013 , as the transfer company only existed for one year; around 200 employees were still busy completing two orders from DFDS. After the Russian government had declared that it would award shipbuilding contracts exclusively to Russian shipyards, Vitaly Yusufov was given little prospect of a takeover; he was said to be more interested in the skilled workers. The applicants also included a state holding company from Tatarstan and a Franco-German consortium.

In January 2014, shortly before the decision of the state government of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania and the creditors' committee on the future of the Volkswerft, there were three interested parties in the shipyard according to a report in the Ostseezeitung: The Nordic Yards Group made a bid of three million euros for the Shipyard and the two unfinished ferries, with no employment guarantee for the workers. The Hamburg wind power investment company New Global Wind submitted an offer for the shipyard's real estate as a further interested party . The Danish ferry line Scandlines offered 27 million euros for the two ferries Berlin and Copenhagen , which it had once ordered with an order value of EUR 184 million but not accepted , and was ultimately awarded the contract. Maritime Beteiligungsgesellschaft mbH , registered at the Stralsund District Court , recently offered EUR 62.2 million for the takeover of the shipyard and the two ferries, and it would initially employ 450 people and later even 950 people; According to the insolvency administrator, however, the financing of the offer was not adequately presented.

At the beginning of 2014, the insolvency administrator reported that there were also technical problems with the construction of the two ships intended for the DFDS shipping company. The Ostseezeitung reported that the state government of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania was relying on the crane builder Liebherr to settle here instead of continuing shipbuilding at the Stralsund site , but that the fairway of the eastern approach would have to be deepened and widened again. The Russian Nordic Yards increased their offer to a sum of 6½ million euros.

2014–2016: Nordic Yards

On April 22, 2014, the insolvency administrator reported that Nordic Yards' efforts to acquire Volkswerft had been successful. The state government in Schwerin, the largest creditor of the Volkswerft, spoke out in favor of a sale to the Nordic shipyard group.

Nordic Yards logo

On May 27, 2014, the contracts for the takeover of the shipyard in Stralsund by the Russian company Nordic Yards were signed. The managing director stated that in the course of the restructuring the name Volkswerft will be replaced by the name Nordic . The takeover by Nordic took place on June 1, 2014. The purchase amount is initially five million euros, Nordic will only pay another 1½ million euros after the Volkswerft has exceeded profitability. Nordic Yards has also committed itself to employing 250 people by the end of 2014, and by the end of 2017 there should be 500 employees who should take on orders from shipbuilding or the construction of offshore wind turbines. Volkswerft did not receive the major order announced in May 2014 for the production of an offshore system for a Spanish company.

From July 2014, a foundation for a floating wind turbine was built on the grounds of the Volkswerft Stralsund , the new design of which is to be tested. For this is toughened steel and Environmental Stralsund GmbH responsible as a member of Dresdner GICON group that developed the "floating offshore foundation" (SOF). This functional model is to be installed near the OWP "EnBW Baltic 1 " in 2015 and then tested.

Since 2016: Genting

In March 2016, the Malaysian-Chinese shipping company Genting Hong Kong acquired the Nordic Yards for a purchase price of 230 million euros; the shipyard in Stralsund was valued at 31.3 million euros. Together with the Lloyd Werft Bremerhaven , the shipyards in Wismar, Warnemünde and Stralsund were to operate under the name Lloyd Werft Group and manufacture cruise ships. After the first considerations that Stralsund shipyard under the Lloyd Werft GmbH to integrate, the Genting Group, regardless of the decision, in July 2016 in Bremerhaven "Lloyd Group" the northeast German from the three shipyards in Wismar, Rostock and Stralsund existing group shipyards MV with Founding headquarters in Wismar .

Logo of the MV Werften

On August 26, 2016, the shipyard group presented its plans at the site. Design contracts for luxury cruise ships of the Endeavor class were signed with the ice class PC6 ; construction of the first of seven ships should begin in late 2017 and be completed in 2019. The order volume was one and a half billion euros. In addition, hull segments for the cruise ships built in Rostock and Wismar are to be delivered in Stralsund.

The letters “Volkswerft” and “dh” (for Detlef Hegemann ) on the side walls of the shipbuilding hall were replaced in spring 2017 by the words “MV Werften”; In contrast to the previous owners, the new owner Genting did not take over the traditional name Volkswerft.

The first steel section of the construction of the cruise ship began on January 15, 2018 Crystal Endeavor , a mega-yacht with ice class . At the start of construction, around 300 people were employed at the Stralsund shipyard. In addition, sections for sea cruise ships are manufactured in Stralsund and transported across the Baltic Sea to the other MV Werften locations.

On March 20, 2020, the production of the current shipbuilding projects was suspended and the shipyard temporarily closed. This was justified with the restrictions in operations due to the COVID-19 pandemic . The North German Radio reported that the shipyard group problems would have it, accounts for the second cruise ship in the Global class and the expedition yacht Crystal Endeavor to settle that arise on the locations in Warnemünde and Stralsund; MV Werften had contacted KfW and applied for liquidity assistance from the special Corona program.

Ship production

In its early years, mainly fishing cutters were delivered to the Soviet Union as reparations for claims from the Second World War at the Stralsund shipyard . 18  cutters , 138  loggers and 160  lifeboats had been handed over to the Soviet Union by December 31, 1953, the official end of the reparations deliveries. Based on the price of 1954, these deliveries were valued at 175 million DM.

The Volkswerft, which operated in the legal form of a state- owned company (VEB) until 1990 , quickly developed into a specialist company for fishing vessels. Almost exclusively trawlers were manufactured, which were mostly built on behalf of the Soviet deep-sea fishing fleet. The series of Atlantik-Supertrawler and Seine freeze trawlers included particularly powerful ships. Plans for a production of submarines for the NVA planned in the 1950s were quickly discarded, also for financial reasons.

After the fall of the Berlin Wall, production at the Volkswerft was completely reorganized, as the main customer for fishing vessels had ceased to exist with the Soviet Union. By 1994, three passenger cargo ships ( Kong Harald , Richard With , Nordlys ) had been handed over to the Norwegian postal shipping line Hurtigruten, as well as a suction dredger to Indonesia . This is followed by factory trawlers and container ships (including the Panamax class), as well as anchor-pulling and other supply ships; luxury cruise yachts are to be built from 2017.

Ship production at the Volkswerft Stralsund 1945–1990
Type number Client construction time Technical specifications Remarks image
17 m cutter 23 Soviet Union 1947-1949 Cutter; Overall length 17.60 m , width on the outer skin 5.0 m, side height 2.30 m, draft 1.54 m, payload 11  t , drive power 80  HP , speed 8 kn, range of action 100  nm , measurement 30  GRT , crew 4 man Trawl fishing : inshore fishing ; Timber construction , annual catch approx. 125 t
first ship: KD SH 4 , last ship: STR 29 Stralsund
Model of a 17 m cutter in the Maritime Museum
Logger 594 USSR (569), GDR (24 + 1) 1949-1958 Logger; Overall length 39.15 m, width on the frames 7.3 m, side height 3.5 m, draft 2.7 m, load 60 t, drive power 200  kW , from 1952 294 kW, speed 9.5 kn, range of action 5000 nm , Measurement 260/264 GRT, crew 18/23 men Fresh fish catchers: ( North Sea , Baltic Sea , North Atlantic , Soviet marginal seas; annual catch approx. 1000 t
first ship: RL 401 October Revolution , last ship: STR-4594 Plavinas ; the logger Meteor drove as a research ship for the Office for Metrology and Goods Testing
Type I and Type II 10 VEB Fischkombinat Rostock 1951-1955 Side trawlers; Overall length 57.54 / 58.53 m, width on frames 9.00 m, side height to main deck 4.83 m, draft 4.06 / 3.94 m, payload 339 t, drive power 920 hp, speed 11.5 kn, range of action 8500 nm, measurement 575/665 GRT, crew 32/28 men Catch with trawl: Northern European Sea, North Atlantic; Catch of the year approx. 1600/2600 t
first ship: ROS-201 ,
last ship: ROS-210
"Hawk" 6th People's Police Lake 1952/1953 Mine-laying and clearing ship; Overall length 59.2 m, width 8.0 m, draft 2.3 m, drive power 1,840 kW, speed 18 kn, crew 38 men Naval Forces of the GDR
first ship: 611 ,
last ship: 616
26.5 m cutter 20th VEB Fischkombinat Saßnitz 1956-1958 Cutter; Overall length 26.65 m, width on frames 6.70 m, side height 3.65 m, draft 3.0 m, load capacity 84 t, load fish 45 t, drive power 184 kW, speed 9.5 kn, range of action 5000 nm , Measurement 131 GRT, crew 8 men Catch with trawl: Baltic Sea, North Sea; 1000 t
first ship: SAS 270 Elbe , last ship: SAS 289 Utsiraloch
Medium trawlers 171 USSR 1956-1961 Medium trawlers; Overall length 50.8 m, width on frames 8.8 m, side height 4.3 m, draft 3.4 m, load capacity 250 t, drive power 397 kW, speed 11 kn, action range 7900 nm, measurement 507 GRT, fish space volume 352 m², crew 26-28 men Fresh fish catchers with trawl, driftnet and purse seine: North Atlantic, Far East; Annual catch approx. 3600 t
first ship: Okean , last ship:?
Medium trawler, 1959
Iceland logger 12 Icelandic shipowners 1958/1959 Logger; Overall length 38.65 m, width on frames 7.3 m, side height 3.6 m, draft 3.3 m, load capacity 157 t, drive power 588 kW, speed 12 kn, measurement 253.7 GRT, fish room capacity 125 t, Crew 21 men Trawl catch: North Atlantic, around Iceland; 4000 t
first ship: Gudmundur Peturs ,
last ship: Bjoergulfur
Iceland trawler, 1959
Floating crane 15 t 24 USSR 1958/1959 Floating crane; Overall length 42.20 m, width over rubbing strips 38.00 m, draft 2.09 m, side height 3.20 m, drive power 590 kW, speed 8 kn, measurement 596 GRT, lifting capacity on the hook 15 t, crew 18 men Cargo handling in inland and sea ports, ship repairs, salvage
first ship: PK 1-58 ,
last ship: PK X-61
Freezer ship 10 USSR 1958–1962 Freezer ship; Overall length 82.40 m, width on frames 13.0 m, side height 6.7 m, draft 4.4 m, load capacity 964 t, drive power 956 kW, speed 10.5 kn, range of action 3500 nm, measurement 2295 GRT, Cooling hold capacity 645 t, crew 91 men Picking up the fish from loggers, trawlers on the high seas with their own loading gear, the fish was frozen
first ship: Bratsk , last ship: Mikhail Lomonossow
" Tropics " 86 USSR 1960-1966 Catching and freezing ship; Overall length 79.8 m, width on frames 13.2 m, side height 7.0 m, draft 4.9 m, load capacity 862 t, drive power main motors 985 / with electric motors 1,220 kW, speed 11.7 kn, measurement 2435 GRT , Cargo space 470 t, crew 86 men Trawl catch: tropical waters, catch frozen; Annual catch approx. 5600 t
first ship: Tropik ,
last ship: Rustavi
Tropik, 1967
" Stubnitz " 2 VEB Fischkombinat Saßnitz 1963-1965 Refrigerated and transport ship; Overall length 79.8 m, width on frames 13.2 m, side height 9.50 m, draft 4.9 m, load capacity 1538 t, drive power of main engines with electric motors 1220 kW, speed 11.9 kn, measurement 2585 GRT, refrigerated hold capacity 1017 t Catch with trawl, but also take over the catch of other ships on the high seas
first ship: SAS 501 Stubnitz ,
last ship: SAS 502 Granitz
Stubnitz, 2011
" Atlantic " 147 USSR, Romania , Cuba 1965-1972 Catching and freezing ship; Overall length 82.2 m, width on frames 13.6 m, side height 9.55 m, draft 5.0 m, load capacity 1150 t, drive power 1706 kW, speed 13.6 kn, measurement 2657 GRT, refrigerated hold capacity 520 t, Crew 80 men Catch with bottom trawls, pelagic fishing, freezing and packing of catch, handover to transport ships on the high seas; Annual catch approx. 8000 t
first ship: Atlantic , last ship: Timofej Gornow
Atlantic, 1967
"Atlantic" 7th USSR 1971/1972 Fisheries research vessel; Overall length 82.20 m, width on frames 13.60 m, side height 9.55 m, draft 5.0 m, load capacity 1150 t, drive power 1706 kW, speed 13.6 kn, measurement 2657 GRT, refrigerated hold capacity 520 t, Crew 80 men + 88 researchers Combination of research ship and commercial fishing ship with trawl, electric and longline fishing, 10 laboratories
first ship: Eurika ,
last ship: Zund
"Atlantic" 7th USSR 1972/1973 Fishing school ship; Overall length 82.20 m, width on frames 13.60 m, side height 9.55 m, draft 5.0 m, load capacity 1150 t, drive power 1706 kW, speed 13.6 kn, measurement 2657 GRT, refrigerated hold capacity 520 t, Crew 61 men + 54 instructors and course participants Catch and training ship for training
first ship: Kursograf ;
last ship: Kvadrant
" Atlantic super trawler " 195 USSR (172), Romania (15), GDR (8) 1970-1983 Fishing and processing vessel; Overall length 102.0 m, width on frames 15.2 m, side height 9.7 m, draft 5.2 m, load capacity 2068 t, drive power 2850 kW, speed 14.6 kn, measurement 3977 GRT, processing capacity 152 t / Day, freezing capacity 65 t / day, refrigerated hold volume 1858 m³, crew 83 men Catching with bottom trawl, pelagic fishing: partially automated factory ship in flotilla formation with refrigerated and transport ships; Annual catch approx. 14,000 t
first ship: Prometey ,
last ship: Kurtna
Model Atlantic Supertrawler in the Maritime Museum
"Atlantic super trawler" 6th USSR 1978/1979 Fishing school ship; Overall length 102.0 m, width on frames 15.2 m, side height 9.7 m, draft 5.2 m, load capacity 2068 t, drive power 2850 kW, speed 14.6 kn, measurement 3977 GRT, processing capacity 152 t / Day, freezing capacity 65 t / day, refrigerated hold volume 1858 m³, crew 72 men + 80 instructors and course participants Catch and training ship for training Model Atlantic Supertrawler in the Maritime Museum
"Atlantic-333" 134 USSR (126), GDR (8) 1980-1987 Seine freeze trawlers / freeze trawlers; Overall length 62.2 m, width on frames 13.8 m, side height 9.2 m, draft 4.8 m, load capacity 653 t, drive power 1764 kW, speed 12.5 kn, measurement 1989 GRT, freezing capacity 60 t / Day, refrigerated hold volume 507 m³, crew 40 men in the fleet association, 200 nm economic zone, catch processing; 7500 t
first ship: Orlynok , last ship: Ernst Haeckel
Model of an Atlantik 333 in the Maritime Museum
"Atlantic-833" 12 USSR 1986/1987 Scientific research vessel; Overall length 62.2 m, width on frames 13.8 m, side height 9.2 m, draft 4.8 m, load capacity 653 t, drive power 1764 kW, speed 12.5 kn, measurement 1989  GT , freezing capacity 60 t / Day, hold capacity 120 m³, crew 27 men + 12 scientists Scientific research on fishing
first ship: Professor Marti , last ship: Pinro
" Atlantic-488 " 37 USSR / Russia 1984-1993 Factory trawlers; Overall length 120.7 m, width 19.0 m, side height 12.22 m, draft 6.4 m, load capacity 3372 t, drive power 5296 kW, speed 15.0 kn, measurement 7765 GT, processing capacity 150 t / day, Freezing capacity 60 t / 23 h, canning production 26,000 cans / 20 h, crew 115/122 men Catch with bottom and pelagic trawls, 200 nm economic zone,
first ship: Moonzund , last ship: Kapitan Bobnow
Stamps of Germany (DDR) 1986, MiNr 3004.jpg

Source for the above figures 1945–1993: D. Strobel, W. Ortlieb: Volkswerft Stralsund 1948–1998 , Koehlers Verlagsgesellschaft, Hamburg 1998

Ship production at the Stralsund shipyard from 1990
Type number Client construction time Technical specifications Remarks image
CFV Neptune 600 4th Germany 1992/1993 Main data: Overall length 128.35 m, width on frames 20.2 m, side height to main deck 10.9 m, draft 8.3 m, load capacity 9410 t, drive power 6640 kW, speed 17.6 kn first ship: Alexandra
last ship: Eastern Trader
trawler 1 Russia 1994 Main data: overall length 64.05 m, width 13.31 m, draft 7.5 m, deadweight 1133 t, speed 10.9 kn Mys Orlowa (IMO 9053294)
Passenger & Ro-Ro ship 3 Hurtigruten ASA 1992/1993 Passenger and cargo ship as well as car ferry Kong Harald (June 1993)
Richard With (November 1993)
Nordlys (March 1994)
Kong Harald, 2008
VW 1100
VW 1100.1
? 1995/1996 Container Ship first ship Katrin S. ,
last ship Ocean
VW 9300 2 Ming Sung Shipping, Hong Kong (China) 1997 Multipurpose cargo ship, overall length 128.53 m, width 20.2 m, depth 10.9 m, draft: 8.3 m, DWT 9630 t, GWT 7310 t, general cargo 9,941 m³, bulk cargo 10,289 m³, container 672 TEU , at 14 t 420 TEU, speed 16.2 kn first ship Jin Man Yu (IMO 9145621), second and last ship Jin Man Chuan (IMO 9145633)
Ice breakers , emergency tugs , buoy layers 1 WSV 1997 Multipurpose ship Neuwerk Neuwerk, 2006
Suction dredger 1 1998 Main data: overall length 120.53 m, width 24.4 m, draft 8.9 m, deadweight 14,108 t, speed 14.3 kn Alexander von Humboldt (IMO 9166845)
VW 2500 ? ? 1998–? Container ship: overall length 207.4  m , width 29.8 m, side height 16.4 m, draft 10.1 m, drive power 2 × 2000  kW + 1 × 1300 kW, speed 22.0 kn, range of action 14,000  nm , measurement 25.80  GT , carrying capacity 2474  ISO container , crew 24 men CSAV Peru, 2006
Cable layers 4th 2000 Main data: length over all 100 m, draft 5.5 m
VWS 2900 4th The Maersk Company Ltd. 2000 Main data: overall length 216 m, width 32.22 m
VW 3000 ? ? ? Container ship: overall length 237.35 m, width 32.30 m, side height 18.15 m, draft 12.25 m, drive power 4 × 2744 kW, speed 25.0 kn, range of action 13,500 nm, measurement 34,200 GT, carrying capacity 2090 TEU , Crew 25 men
VWS 4000 7th The Maersk Company Ltd. 2006/2007 Container ship, length 294.10 m (Lüa), 278.20 m (Lpp); Width 32.18 m, side height 21.4 m, draft max. 13.5 m, measurement 48,853 GT / 16,832 NRZ, 1 × diesel engine, machine power 68,640 kW (93,324 PS), speed max. 29.2 kn (54 km / h), 1 × propeller, container 4170 TEU Maersk Boston, Maersk Baltimore, Maersk Bentonville, Maersk Brooklyn, Maersk Buffalo, Maersk Brownsville, Maersk Beaumont Maersk Boston, 2006
VW 2500.3 16 Safmarine (5) 2008– Container ship, length 210 m, width 29.8 m, 25,904 GRT, deadweight 35,119 t, 2500 TEU, speed (max / average): 8.4 / 7.6 kn first ship Safmarine Ngami (IMO 9356074)
Premicon 2010 6th Premicon 2010– River cruise ship, length 135 m, three decks, 110 cabins, drive power 2 × 800 kW Excellence Allegra , Excellence Melodia , TC WT Sonata TUI Sonata, 2013
Anchor Handling Tug / Supply Vessel ( AHTS ) ? ? ? Length 90.3 m, width 23.0 m, draft 9.5 m, DWT 4606 t, speed 17.07 kn, tonnage 6821 GT, crew 70 people, main engine 4 × 4320 kW / 600 / min, propeller 2 × 5200 kW at 1800 rpm ? Maersk Advancer, 2009
Ro-pax ferry 2 Scandlines 2010-2014 Ferry with a capacity of 1300 passengers Berlin , Copenhagen Berlin, 2012
Arctic Cargo Vessel (ACV) 36 5 Royal Arctic Line 2012 Special cargo ship; Length 45.0 meters, width max .: 12.8 meters, draft 4.25 meters, crew 9 people, capacity: 12 passengers, 36 TEU, 26 cooling connections, 1 crane, main engine 1 × 1040 kW, propeller 1 × CPP Order for four of the five ships canceled due to the bankruptcy of the P + S shipyard, the Polish Remontowa shipyard continues to build the ships
Arctic Cargo Vessel (ACV) 108 2 Royal Arctic Line 2012 Special cargo ship; Length 71.0 m, width max. 15.2 m, draft 6.0 meters, crew 16 people, capacity: 12 passengers, 108 TEU, 80 cooling connections, 2 × cranes, main engine 1 × 2040 kW, propeller 1 × CPP Order canceled after P + S shipyard went bankrupt
ABIS Shipping 2013 Special cargo ship; Length 107 m ABIS Duisburg (2013)
RO-RO Cargo 2 DFDS 2012-2014 Special transporter; Length 195 meters, capacity 342 TEU, loading capacity 3000 lane meters for up to 185 trucks Ark Germania and Ark Dania Ark Germania, 2013
"Endeavor" ships 3 Crystal Cruises 2018–2021 (planned) Expedition yachts, 20,000 GT first ship: Crystal Endeavor Crystal Endeavor, 2020


The number of employees grew steadily in line with production capacity. In 1945 there were 162, but in 1948 this number rose to 1,462. In 1984, 8,406 people were employed at the Volkswerft. The Volkswerft was thus the largest and most important company in Stralsund.

After the reunification , the number of employees fell sharply. As a result of outsourcing and layoffs, the number of employees fell to 1236 in 1998. After the P + S group went bankrupt, 750 employees became unemployed in November 2013, around 200 employees were still employed at that time.

In 2017, 90 apprentices and 12 dual students started training at MV Werften. In August 2018, 515 people were employed at MV Werften Stralsund.

Awards and honors


  • Dietrich Strobel and Werner Ortlieb: Volkswerft Stralsund 1948–1998 . Koehlers Verlagsgesellschaft, Hamburg 1998, ISBN 3-7822-0727-0

Web links

Commons : Volkswerft Stralsund  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. After the takeover by Nordic Yards, the Stralsund shipbuilding company is building huge steel structures for an offshore converter platform ( Memento from December 3, 2014 in the Internet Archive ), Ostsee-Zeitung , accessed on November 22, 2014
  2. City Archives Stralsund ,
  3. ^ Waldemar Verner , memory report, October 15, 1979
  4. Stralsund City Archives,
  5. Stralsund City Archives,
  6. ^ Dietrich Richter: The development of Stralsund into a shipyard and industrial city 1949–1961 . In: Herbert Ewe , History of the Hanseatic City of Stralsund , Verlag Hermann Böhlaus Successor, Weimar 1984, p. 369
  7. ^ Landes-Zeitung, October 16 and 20, 1951
  8. ^ Ostsee-Zeitung , January 5, 1956
  9. ^ "Our shipyard", February 23, 1956
  10. ^ Time table of the VEB Volkswerft 1948–1969
  11. Statistical pocket book of the GDR, Stralsund-Stadt district 1960, p. 30 f. and 58
  12. ^ Dietrich Richter: Stralsund from 1961 to 1970 . In: Herbert Ewe, History of the Hanseatic City of Stralsund , Verlag Hermann Böhlaus Successor, Weimar 1984, p. 410
  13. ^ Ostsee-Zeitung, July 16, 1963
  14. ^ A b Dietrich Richter: Stralsund from 1961 to 1970 . In: Herbert Ewe, History of the Hanseatic City of Stralsund , Verlag Hermann Böhlaus Successor, Weimar 1984, p. 416
  15. ^ Dietrich Richter: Stralsund from 1961 to 1970 . In: Herbert Ewe, History of the Hanseatic City of Stralsund , Verlag Hermann Böhlaus Successor, Weimar 1984, p. 428
  16. ^ "Our shipyard", December 22, 1972
  17. ^ Dietrich Richter: Stralsund from 1971 to 1980 . In: Herbert Ewe, History of the Hanseatic City of Stralsund , Verlag Hermann Böhlaus Successor, Weimar 1984, p. 463
  18., June 7, 2010 ( Memento from June 26, 2010 in the Internet Archive )
  19. ^ Ostsee-Zeitung, Stralsund, January 26, 2013
  20. Volkswerft: Another test drive for DFDS · Scandlines conversion not in Stralsund . In: Daily port report from April 25, 2014, p. 1/3
  21. ^ P + S: Half of the shipbuilders in Wolgast and Stralsund without a job . In: Ostsee-Zeitung of July 2, 2013
  22. ^ Ostsee-Zeitung, August 3, 2013
  23. Ostseezeitung, August 20, 2013
  24. ^ Ostseezeitung, November 1, 2013
  25. Michael Meyer: Tatars do not want Volkswerft . In: Daily port report from November 18, 2013, p. 2
  26. Michael Meyer: DCNS has no interest in Volkswerft . In: Daily port report of November 13, 2013, p. 4
  27. Volkswerft: Stralsund investor puts pressure on Scandlines . In: Ostseezeitung from January 18, 2014
  28. ^ Ostseezeitung, April 10, 2014
  29. ^ Declaration by the insolvency administrator of P + S Werften, Berthold Brinkmann , press release from the law firm Brinkmann & Partner of April 22, 2014
  30. Nordic becomes the new owner of the Volkswerft . In: Daily port report of May 28, 2014, p. 2
  31. ↑ The insolvency administrator hands over the Volkswerft to Yusufov . In: Daily port report from June 3, 2014, p. 1/2
  32. Ostseezeitung, April 23, 2014
  33. Ostseezeitung, August 29, 2014
  34. Burkhard Schuldt: Start of construction for floating foundation in Stralsund . In: Schiff & Hafen , issue 12/2014, pp. 40–42, ISSN  0938-1643
  35. Asians buy Nordic Yards in Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania. March 2, 2016, accessed March 2, 2016 .
  36. Discloseable Transaction In Relation To The Acquisition of Shipyards in Germany. In: Corporate Announcement. Genting Hong Kong, March 2, 2016, accessed April 9, 2016 .
  37. Positive response to Nordic Yards sales. March 2, 2016, accessed March 6, 2016 .
  38., press release from August 26, 2016, accessed on April 15, 2020
  39. “Construction of Luxury Cruise Ships in Stralsund”, August 26, 2016
  40. ↑ Start of production for "Crystal Endeavor" at MV WERFTEN., January 15, 2018, accessed on January 23, 2018
  41. Stralsund shipyard builds luxury expedition yacht. January 15, 2018, accessed January 23, 2018
  42., press release from March 20, 2020, accessed on April 15, 2020
  43., "Corona crisis: MV Werften in financial difficulties", accessed on April 15, 2020
  45. B4B, August 23, 2013: First of two DFDS RoRo special ships christened
  46. Report on accessed on October 5, 2017
  47. "Ceremony with Chancellor:" Crystal Endeavor "is in Kiel" , August 21, 2018

Coordinates: 54 ° 18 ′ 3 ″  N , 13 ° 6 ′ 27 ″  E