Geography and economy
The city is located on the bay of the same name at the mouth of the Montego River . The archipelago of the Bogue Islands is located close to the coast and is home to oyster farming facilities. Other products made in Montego Bay include sugar and rum . In addition to these goods, mainly bananas , coffee , ginger , precious woods and animal skins are exported from the city's port . A train line ends here and nearby is the larger of Jamaica's two international airports .
In 1494, Christopher Columbus landed near the present-day location and had contact with the indigenous Arawak population, which is now extinct. After the British came to power in 1670 and a treaty of 1739 that guaranteed the Cimarrónes freedom and land, both sugar and slave trade flourished. The city was partially destroyed by fires in 1795 and 1811. In 1831, shortly after the reconstruction of the city and the surrounding area, the Christmas uprising broke out. African slaves, led by Samuel Sharpe, demanded their release. Although England supported it, the slave owners refused. At first Sharpe tried to achieve his goals peacefully. However, some of his colleagues destroyed the city. Sharpe was hanged in 1832. Montego Bay received city rights in 1980.
The largest airport in Jamaica, Sangster International Airport, is also located near Montego Bay . With 3.8 million passengers (2015) it is larger than the airport of the capital Kingston, the airport Norman Manley International with 1.4 million passengers (2014).
In the place in the heart of the Gold Coast there is lively tourism . In addition to the beaches, there are golf courses , marinas and a variety of sports facilities. As early as the 1900s, the place gained importance as a winter vacation spot for wealthy Americans. The seaside resorts of Doctor's Cave and White Sands were particularly popular.
On January 18, 2018, the Jamaican authorities declared a state of emergency over Montego Bay and Saint James Parish. The reason for this is the enormous crime in the area. In 2017, 335 people were murdered in Saint James Parish , in January 2018 there were already 7 murders in the first 18 days.
Average monthly temperatures and rainfall for Montego Bay
sons and daughters of the town
- Samuel Sharpe (1801–1832), one of the seven national heroes of Jamaica
- Kenneth Baugh (1941–2019), politician (JLP)
- Montego Joe (1943-2010), jazz musician
- Beryl Cunningham (born 1946), actress and singer
- King Jammy (born 1947), music producer
- Ruby Turner (born 1958), R&B singer, songwriter and actress
- Rose Hudson-Wilkin (born 1961), Bishop of the Church of England
- Ian Goodison (born 1972), football player
- O'Neil Bell (1974-2015), boxer and WBC, WBA and IBF cruiserweight champion
- Milton Griffiths (born 1975), football player
- Queen Ifrica (* 1975), reggae singer
- Jeff Cunningham (born 1976), American football player
- Donovan Ricketts (born 1977), football player
- Jah9 (* 1983), reggae singer
- Dane Richards (born 1983), football player
- Nicholas Walters (* 1986), professional boxer and WBA super world champion in featherweight
- Christine Roper (* 1990), Canadian rower
- Musashi Suzuki (* 1994), Japanese soccer player
- The Official Visitors Guide to Montego Bay, Jamaica (English)
- Guide to Jamaica, section Montego Bay (English)