Palacký University of Olomouc

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Palacký University of Olomouc
founding 1573
Sponsorship public
place Olomouc , Czech Republic
Rector Jaroslav Miller
Students 24,500 (SS 2010)
Professors 168 (WS 2007)
Old university building
University library
Jesuit Konvikt, artistic chairs

The Palacký University Olomouc (Czech Univerzita Palackého v Olomouci , Latin Universitas Palackiana Olomucensis ) in Olomouc is the second oldest university in the Czech Republic . The university was originally founded as a Jesuit college in 1573 . The namesake is František Palacký .


The Olomouc bishop Wilhelm Prusinovský von Víckov summoned members of the Jesuit order to Olomouc in 1566. They founded a religious house, which later created several school facilities. Bishop Jan Grodecký von Brod brought about the promotion of the school to university in 1573 by Emperor Maximilian II. The first lectures took place in 1576. In 1578 the papal seminary Collegium nordicum was established at the university, which expanded the university's sphere of activity to include Central, Northern and Eastern Europe. After the Thirty Years' War, the Jesuits added extensive building projects to the campus. With the abolition of the Jesuit order in 1773, the university was nationalized and in 1778 its seat moved to Brno . In 1782 she returned to Olomouc, but was converted into a three-year lyceum .

In 1827, the Archbishop of Olomouc, Rudolf of Austria-Tuscany, brought about a renewed elevation to the kk Franzens University with a philosophy , theological , legal and medical-surgical faculty . After the revolution of 1848/49, the university noted a decline in the number of students. The Faculty of Philosophy was closed in 1851, the Faculty of Law in 1855 and then Emperor Franz Joseph I dissolved the university entirely on May 17, 1860. Only an independent theological faculty remained in Olomouc. Medical and surgical studies were continued until 1874. The university's insignia was presented to the Leopold-Franzens-University Innsbruck . The theological faculty existed until the universities were closed (“ Sonderaktion Prague ”) as a result of the German occupation of the country in 1939.

With the law of February 21, 1946 the university was restored. In 1947 teaching began at four faculties. As a result of the effects of the communist regime, the theological faculty was closed in 1950. In the period from 1953 to 1958, the university even only existed with the medical faculty. After that, the Faculty of Philosophy was restored and the Faculty of Natural Sciences established. In 1964 a pedagogical faculty was added again.

After the Velvet Revolution , the Faculty of Theology was restored in 1990, the Faculty of Physical Culture was rebuilt in 1991 and after 150 years a Faculty of Law was re-established in the same year. On the occasion of the 200th birthday of the patron saint, the University of Innsbruck received a copy of the former Olomouc Rector's prescriptionist as a birthday present in 1998 . In 2008, the Faculty of Health Sciences was created through the outsourcing of some departments from the Medical Faculty.

The university is the main organizer of the Academia film Olomouc film festival .


  • Medical school
  • Faculty of Science
  • Philosophical Faculty
  • Pedagogical Faculty
  • Theological Cyril and Methodist faculty
  • Faculty of Physical Culture
  • Law Faculty
  • Faculty of Health Sciences

Personalities associated with the university

  • Johannes Marcus Marci (1595–1667) philosopher and scientist, studied at the university
  • Bohuslav Balbín (1621–1688), scholar, studied at the university
  • Christoph Leopold von Schaffgotsch (1623–1703), statesman, studied at the university
  • Jakub Kresa (1648–1715), mathematician, taught at the university
  • Karel Slavíček (1678–1735), Jesuit, missionary, mathematician, astronomer and sinologist taught at the university
  • Jan Tesánek (1728–1788), mathematician, taught at the university
  • Wenzel Schanza (around 1746–1787), clergyman and theologian, taught at the university and was its rector
  • Franz Samuel Karpe (1747–1806), philosopher, taught at the university and was its rector
  • Johann Jahn (1750–1816), Catholic theologian and orientalist, studied and taught in Olomouc
  • Joseph Leonhard Knoll (1775–1841), taught in Olomouc and was the first dean of the philosophical faculty
  • Adalbert Theodor Michel (1821–1877), legal scholar and politician, professor of rights
  • Gregor Mendel (1822–1884), scientist, studied at the university
  • Alois Musil (1868–1944), orientalist and theologian, studied and taught at the university
  • Taras Senkiv (* 1960), Ukrainian bishop
  • Jürgen Helfricht (* 1963), German publicist, medical and astronomical historian

University Hospital

The University Hospital Olomouc (Czech Faculty nemocnice Olomouc ) is the largest hospital in the Olomouc region with 1433 beds and 50 departments and clinics (as of 2006) . The hospital was founded in 1892 and started operations four years later. From 1992 to 2004 the clinic was extensively expanded and modernized and is currently one of the most modern hospitals in the Czech Republic.


→ See Scientific Library in Olomouc

Web links

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