President of the Republic of Uzbekistan

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The President of the Republic of Uzbekistan is the head of state of the Republic of Uzbekistan .

The role of the President under the Constitution

Article 89 of the Uzbek constitution defines the president as the head of state and is intended to ensure the functioning of state power.

Article 93 defines the following rights and duties of the President:

  • He should preserve the rights and freedoms of the citizens.
  • He may take the necessary steps to maintain sovereignty , security and integrity.
  • He represents the republic internally and externally and thus also has the right to negotiate international agreements and to accredit diplomats or other representatives .
  • He appoints diplomats and representatives for the Republic of Uzbekistan, but must first present them to the Senate.
  • If the Prime Minister proposes this, the President can set up and abolish authorities, but must have this confirmed by Parliament.
  • He nominates the chairman of the Senate.
  • He appoints the prime minister, who then has to be confirmed by parliament and dismisses him again in the event of a resignation or a vote of no confidence in parliament.
  • On the proposal of the Prime Minister, he appoints and dismisses the ministers.
  • He appoints the Attorney General and the Chairman of the Court of Auditors, both of which must be approved by Parliament.
  • He proposes the judges of the Constitutional Court, the Supreme Court, the High Commercial Court and also proposes the chairman of the central bank and chairman of the nature conservation committee, all of whom are then elected by parliament.
  • He can appoint and dismiss judges of the lower courts.
  • The prime minister proposes to the president the government officials of the districts, whom the president then appoints and dismisses in the event of illegal or dishonorable behavior.
  • He signs the laws of parliament, but has a right of veto.
  • He declares war or a state of emergency and has to have this confirmed by parliament within 72 hours.
  • He is the Supreme Commander of the Uzbek Armed Forces and appoints and dismisses the Chief of Staff.
  • It decides on citizenship and asylum applications.
  • He can propose amnesty laws to the Senate .
  • He appoints and dismisses the chairman of the National Security Service, but then has to file an ordinance with the Senate.

Under Article 94, the President issues ordinances, resolutions and orders. However, according to Article 78, regulations must be ratified by Parliament. According to Article 95, the President can dissolve Parliament together with the Constitutional Court and new elections are then called. If the President is no longer able to exercise his office, the Chairman of the Senate must take over the business of the President in accordance with Article 96. After leaving the presidency, you become a lifelong member of the Senate. According to Article 10, the President is elected by the people and, together with Parliament ( Oliy Majlis ), governs the people. As a citizen of Uzbekistan according to Article 90, one receives the right to stand for the office of president at 35, whereby one must have lived in Uzbekistan for ten years. You can only stay in the presidential office for two consecutive terms. A president may not have any other office or be economically active, but receives immunity for this. Under Article 77, the President appoints 16 senators.

List of presidents

UzbekistanUzbekistan President of Uzbekistan
# image Surname Taking office Resignation Political party
1 Karimov Ufa.jpg Islom Karimov December 29, 1991 2nd September 2016 Ozlidep
- Nig'matilla Yo'ldoshev
(interim president)
2nd September 2016 September 8, 2016 OMTDP
2 Shavkat Mirziyoev (2016-09-06) 2.jpg Shavkat Mirziyoyev September 8, 2016 Ozlidep

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