|Surname||SG Rot-Weiss 01 eV|
|Seat||Frankfurt am Main , Hesse|
|founding||November 11, 1901|
|First soccer team|
|Head coach||Siar Daudi|
|Venue||Stadium at the Brentanobad|
|league||Association League Hesse|
The SG Rot-Weiss Frankfurt 01 is a soccer club in Frankfurt am Main . It was created through several mergers of associations from the Frankfurt districts of Bockenheim and Gallus , the earliest of which were founded in 1901. In 1926 the club first appeared under the name Rot-Weiß Frankfurt , and around 1930 it achieved its first national successes. After the Second World War , Rot-Weiss played again in the top division in 1947/48; Since then, the team, which has played its home games in the Brentanobad stadium since 1940 , has mostly been present in the upper leagues of the Hessian Football Association. The greatest sporting successes were the championships in the Oberliga Hessen in 1968 and 1990. Furthermore, the "Reds" won the Hessen Cup four times (1971, 1974, 1989 and 1992) .
Predecessor clubs and merger history
The roots of Rot-Weiss - like those of the two large Frankfurt clubs - go back to 1899. At that time, the 1st Bockenheimer FC 1899 was the first club from Bockenheim that, like many other soccer teams, played its games on the Hundswiese . However, this club dissolved after two years due to a lack of members, some of the remaining players belonged to the founders of FV Amicitia 1901 Bockenheim on November 11, 1901 . This day is also considered the founding date of today's SG Rot-Weiss association . In 1909 it was decided to merge with the Frankfurt FC 1902, which came from the Gallus quarter , and was renamed Frankfurt FV Amicitia and 1902 .
In Bockenheim in 1901, in addition to FV Amicitia , FVgg 01 and FC Germania, two other clubs were formed. Both merged on July 5, 1912 to form Bockenheimer FVgg Germania 1901 . After the First World War , the FV Amicitia merged in 1902 and the FVgg Germania in 1901 , resulting in the VfR 1901 Frankfurt on August 26, 1919 . In 1926 the club first included the colors red and white in the club name. The SC Rot Weiß Frankfurt was created through the merger with FC Helvetia 1902 Bockenheim . Helvetia was founded in 1902, from 1914 to 1924 the Helvetia football department of Bockenheimer TG and then after the “clean divorce” as FC Helvetia an independent club.
On April 14, 1935, the SC Rot-Weiß merged with the Reichsbahn TuSG 1901 Frankfurt to form the Reichsbahn TSV Rot-Weiß Frankfurt . Due to the war, Rot-Weiß merged with VfL Rödelheim in 1944 to form a war syndicate under the name KSG Rödelheim / Rot-Weiß Frankfurt . After the dissolution on May 8, 1945 and the subsequent re-establishment as SG Bockenheim , the association appeared on January 13, 1946 under the current name SG Rot-Weiss Frankfurt .
|( 1. Bockenheimer FC 1899 )
dissolved in November 1901
|FV Amicitia 1901 Bockenheim
(born November 11, 1901)
|Frankfurt FC 1902
|FVgg 01 Bockenheim
|FC Germania Bockenheim
|FC Helvetia Bockenheim
Merger in 1909:
Frankfurt FV Amicitia and 1902
Merger July 5, 1912:
Bockenheimer FVgg Germania 1901
|FA Helvetia der Bockenheimer TG
Merger Aug. 26, 1919:
VfR 1901 Frankfurt
|FC Helvetia 1902 Bockenheim|
Merger in 1926:
SC Rot Weiß Frankfurt
Reichsbahn TuSG 1901
|Reichsbahn TSV Rot-Weiß Frankfurt|
SG Rot-Weiss Frankfurt
(re-established on Jan. 13, 1946)
Performance of the previous clubs (until 1926)
The numerous predecessor clubs of the association hardly appeared on a national level until the end of the First World War. The FV Amicitia joined the South German Football Association soon after it was founded and in 1903/04 belonged to the top division in Westmaingau in the northern district, which was newly introduced at the time. Amicitia was able to stay in the top division for a long time, but only qualified once ( 1906/07 ) for a national final round. Even after the merger with FC 1902 , it was no more than a midfield place in the Northern District League. The other predecessor clubs also played in the top division at times, but it was never enough to qualify for the southern German finals. This changed little after the war and the amalgamation of Amicitia and Germania to form VfR 01 Frankfurt , due to a league reform after the 1922/23 season , VfR was even relegated from the top division.
First successes as "SC Rot-Weiß" and merger with the "Reichsbahnern" (1926–1945)
After the merger to form SC Rot-Weiß Frankfurt in 1926, the club had its heyday and challenged Eintracht and the FSV for supremacy in Frankfurt. In the seasons 1929/30 and 1930/31 Rot-Weiss reached 2nd place in the Main District League, behind Eintracht Frankfurt, and moved into the final round of the South German Championship.
In 1929, the Swiss national player and silver medalist at the 1924 Olympics, Robert Pache from FSV, joined the club. But he was soon involved in a cocaine and dome scandal that temporarily brought him to prison. In 1932 more trouble followed when the club was exposed to investigations into violations of the amateur statute. He was convicted of paying his players, which was not uncommon as such at a time when sham amateurism was flourishing.
All the stars of the team were affected, above all the national goalkeeper Willibald Kreß , a real Bockenheimer who was appointed to the German national team for the first time in 1929, whose brother-in-law Anton Engelhardt and the middle runner Fritz Engel , a player who awarded the pache "great class".
There are two versions of the background to this affair: According to one, he and his teammates are said to have gone on strike at Rot-Weiß Frankfurt for a higher expense allowance ; after the other, his club had undertaken to play friendly matches with Kreß and, after he was unable to play because of diphtheria , had to pay the opposing club a penalty of RM 1,000 , which the DFB interpreted - not entirely illogically - to mean that Red -Weiss would normally have received at least RM 1,000 initial bonus and would have illegally passed on part of it to his players.
Kreß, Engel and Engelhardt tried to continue their professional careers with the Alsatian champions FC Mulhouse in France. There the Austrian Ferdinand Swatosch - who committed himself against the German amateur regulations a few years earlier at Cologne's SpVgg Sülz 07 and was banned - prepared the team for the first season of the professional era in France .
On August 13, 1932, the three were there when the professional team of FC Mulhouse made their debut with a 2-2 win over a selection from Freiburg in Baden . On August 6th there was an 8-0 win against the German second division club FV Lörrach and on August 20th a 5-2 win against AS Strasbourg. On August 27, 1932, Kreß played together with Engel and Engelhardt in a friendly against FC Sochaux , which ended 3: 3. Before the first league game of the season on September 12, the DFB finally refused to allow the German professionals. Willibald Kreß's post in goal was taken by the Hungarian star player Ferenc Plattkó , who had come from FC Barcelona and who was also supposed to replace Ferdl Swatosch as player- coach in November, but who was unable to prevent the Mülhausers from relegating.
At the end of September, the DFB gave its verdict on the matter. The club president of Rot-Weiss Frankfurt Paul Hahn was banned for life and two other officials were blacklisted. The future national player Willi Rutz was banned for three years, Fritz Engel for two years. Willibald Kreß and Anton Engelhardt got away with it at the age of one and a half and Karl Strehle and Richard Scholz were only relatively lightly banned with eight months.
The three Germans played again on October 5th in a 1-1 draw in a private game at FC Young Fellows Zurich .
After a pardon by the DFB at the end of July 1933, effective from the end of September, thanks to Richard Hofmann , who also came into conflict with the amateur regulations, Kreß found a new place of work at Dresdner SC . Fritz Engel continued his professional career at Grasshopper Club Zurich before moving on to Brazil, where he was supposed to indirectly exert a lasting influence on local football. Anton Engelhardt's further path remains to be determined. Maybe he found a new place to stay at SV Darmstadt 98 .
The SC Rot-Weiß then not only slipped in the championship rounds - when the Gauligen were introduced as the new top division in 1933 , they were even left out; in addition, the association got into serious economic difficulties.
Not least because of this, on April 14, 1935 , the SC Rot-Weiß merged with the company sports club of the Reichsbahner , the RTSG , to form the Reichsbahn-TSV Rot-Weiß , the largest sports club in Frankfurt with over 3500 members. In addition to the boxers, handball players and hockey players, the footballers of the big club soon attracted national attention. Supervised by the Dresden-born coach Sepp Kretschmann since 1936, the eleven around Gauwahl goalkeeper Jakob Remmert rose to the 1938/39 round in the Gauliga Südwest / Mainhessen , in which they could stay until the war-related cessation of game operations in 1944. The construction and on October 13, 1940, the move into the new 20,000-seat stadium at the Brentanobad also fell during this period , as the existing area at the festival hall had to be cleared due to the expansion of the exhibition grounds . In the war years, the competitions in the forerunner of the DFB Cup, the Tschammerpokal , were the sporting highlights: In 1940 , a 3-2 win after extra time at SV Waldhof Mannheim was a real cup sensation and Red-White only failed in the third round at the later cup winner Dresdner SC . In the following year, 1941 , the reigning Middle Rhine champion VfL 99 Cologne was eliminated in the first final round .
From the upper league to the lower classes (1946–1979)
After the Second World War and the associated dissolution of all associations, the alliance with the railroad workers was not renewed, even if in the post-war years a large proportion of the players were still employed by the Reichsbahn, traditionally the largest employer in Bockenheim. The team started out as SG Bockenheim , on January 13, 1946, the re-establishment took place under the name SG Rot-Weiss Frankfurt , which is still valid today . In 1947/48 Rot-Weiss played for a year in the Oberliga Süd , the top division at the time, but could not keep up there with the economically far better-off clubs. During this season, the visitor record that is still valid today was set in the stadium at Brentanobad when 20,000 spectators wanted to see the home game against 1. FC Nürnberg . The season ended with 18th place, which meant the immediate relegation.
The club has not returned to the top class since then, in 1954 they even rose to the 2nd amateur league and thus to the fourth class. In the 1968/69 season , Rot-Weiss returned with promotion to the Regionalliga Süd for one season in the second division, but remained there despite several well-known reinforcements and amateur national player Hans-Peter Schauber in the goal and rose immediately as bottom of the table again into the Hessenliga. Due to the investments made in player commitments and the audience income that remained below expectations, the last excursion into higher-class football turned into a fiasco from an economic point of view, with the consequences of which the club had to struggle for a few years. Apart from winning the Hessen Cup in 1971 and 1974, the following seasons were accordingly modest in terms of sport and economy, and in 1975 and 1978 they could only secure relegation. In 1979 the mountain of debt from regional league times was still not cleared when the team relegated again to fourth division.
Return to the amateur upper house (since 1980)
With the qualification for the DFB Cup 1980/81 and the advance into the third main round, the fourth division club Rot-Weiss drew national attention again. With Hamburger SV you got a dream ticket, but you had to compete in the Volksparkstadion and suffered a hefty 0:11 defeat there. 1983 to 1985 and again in 1986 he returned to the Hessen League. Under the financial expert Wolfgang Steubing as chairman, the association called for the goal of “2. Bundesliga ". With his contacts to the financial world, Steubing ensured that there was again money for reinforcements, and soon there was even talk of the “champagne club” Rot-Weiss. Successful but also turbulent years followed. As early as the 1986/87 season after being promoted back to the Hessian upper house, Rot-Weiss entered the race as the “secret favorite”, and in the end they finished 4th. In 1987/88 Ramon Berndroth took over training, and after eleven games the team was 20 : 2 points at the top of the Hessenliga, which was followed by a phase of weakness, so that in the end only 4th place jumped out again. Then the former Eintracht professional Armin Kraaz and the trainer Dragoslav Stepanović were signed , but even the "Serbo-Hessen" did not immediately succeed in fulfilling the Bockenheimer promotion dreams. It was not until 1990 that Rot-Weiss, reinforced by goalscorer Oliver Roth and Sindlinger Jürgen Klopp , who quickly developed into top performers, became Hessian champions for the second time after 1968; the team qualified for the promotion round to the 2nd Bundesliga. The great goal was missed, however; after 1: 1 in the opening game against 1. FC Schweinfurt 05 , no further points were won in the remaining five games.
The year 1990 marked another turning point in the club's history. In the season after the championship, the team only reached second place behind Hessen Kassel . Stepanović had surprisingly left the club in winter and moved to Eintracht Trier. In 1992/93 Rot-Weiss did not play a role in the title race of the Hessenliga for the first time since the rise again, and with Wolfgang Steubing the initiator of the temporary upswing left the club. In 1994 Rot-Weiss was able to qualify for the new third division, the Regionalliga Süd, but this was followed by three relegations in a row and thus the fall in the district league. Only after eleven years of abstinence did the "Reds" return to the Hesse league for the 2007/08 season . In 2012 they were relegated to the Association League, and in 2015 they were promoted to the Hessen League. The 2015/16 season was finished second in the Hessenliga, qualifying for the promotion to the Regionalliga Südwest. There, however, the FC Nöttingen prevailed.
In Stadium on Brentanobad Rot-Weiss plays its home games. After its construction in 1940, the stadium held around 20,000 spectators. In 1992 it was completely rebuilt and since the last renovation in 2015, the stadium has seated 5,650 spectators. In the course of this, a new floodlight system with 500 lux was installed, a new functional building was built and the number of seats increased. In addition, two new artificial turf pitches were built.
- Dragoslav Stepanović (1988–1990)
- Willibald Kreß , initially active for VfR 01 and after the merger for SC Rot-Weiß until 1932 , played a total of 16 international matches as a goalkeeper from 1929, 12 of them during his time in Frankfurt
- Hans-Peter Schauber , goalkeeper of the 1968/69 regional league season, later became an amateur national player
- Ernst Abbé , ex-Bundesliga professional at Eintracht Frankfurt, played for Rot-Weiss from 1971 to 1974
- Alexander Schur , active in the club from 1988 to 1994, played for Eintracht Frankfurt from 1995 and later became captain of the Bundesliga club
- Jürgen Klopp played for Rot-Weiss in the 1989/90 season and then moved to Mainz 05
- Armin Kraaz came from Eintracht Frankfurt in 1988 and played for Rot-Weiss until 1996
- Tim Kister , from 2007 to 2010 with Rot-Weiss, then third division player with Dynamo Dresden and VfR Aalen
- Aymen Barkok , in youth at Rot-Weiss, from 2016 to 2018 Bundesliga player at Eintracht Frankfurt
- René Schlichting, youth national player, came from Eintracht Frankfurt, played for Rot-Weiss from 1989 to 1990, then moved to Viktoria Aschaffenburg
- Hardy Greens : Legendary football clubs. Hesse. Between FC Alsbach, Eintracht Frankfurt and Tuspo Ziegenhain. AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 2005, ISBN 3-89784-244-0 , pp. 252-255.
- Hardy Grüne, Christian Karn: The big book of the German football clubs . AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 2009, ISBN 978-3-89784-362-2 , pp. 164-165.
- Ottmar Klauß: From thought to victory. Sebenia-Verlag, Frankfurt 2013, ISBN 3981158016 .
- on this affair see for example Hardy Greens: Legendary football clubs. Hesse. Between FC Alsbach, Eintracht Frankfurt and Tuspo Ziegenhain. AGON Sportverlag, Kassel 2005, ISBN 3-89784-244-0 , p. 252.
- L'equipe professional du FCM fait match nul , L'Express de Mulhouse, August 14, 1932
- The judgment in the Kreß case , Badischer Beobachter , September 28, 1932, p. 6