Ruprecht I of Liegnitz

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Rupert I of Liegnitz (also Rupert I of Liegnitz ; * March 27, 1347 ; † 1409 ) was Duke of Liegnitz . He came from the Silesian Piast family .

Origin and family

Ruprecht's parents were Duke Wenzel I and Anna († 1367), daughter of Duke Casimir I. Ruprecht's siblings were:

  • Wenceslas II († 1419), bishop of Lebus and Breslau
  • Boleslaw IV. († 1394), had an accident at a horse show
  • Hedwig († 1409), ⚭ 1372 Heinrich VI. von Sagan († 1393) and
  • Henry VII († 1398), Canon of Breslau and Bishop of Kujawia

In 1372 Ruprecht married the widow of the Polish king Casimir the Great , Hedwig († 1390), the only daughter of the Glogau duke Heinrich V von Glogau-Sagan . The daughters came from marriage

  • Barbara († 1435), ⚭ 1396 Rudolf III. , Elector of Saxony-Wittenberg
  • Agnes († 1411), clarissess in Breslau


After the early death of their father in 1364, Ruprecht and his siblings were still minors. Therefore, they were initially under the tutelage of her uncle I. Ludwig asked. After Ruprecht reached the age of majority three years later, he took over the government of the Duchy of Liegnitz and the guardianship of his younger siblings. Since his brothers, who continued to dubbed the dukes of Liegnitz, turned to the clerical profession, Liegnitz and Goldberg remained undivided in Ruprecht's possession.

In 1369 Ruprecht took over the guardianship of the Glogau princes Heinrich VI. († 1393), Heinrich VII. († 1394) and Heinrich VIII († 1397), the then underage sons of his father-in-law Heinrich V. von Glogau-Sagan. In 1379, together with his uncle Ludwig I, he obtained from his sovereign, the Bohemian King Wenceslaus IV, a total lending of their territories, which prevented a collapse of parts of the territory that could result from further divisions.

After Ruprecht sent his brother, the Breslau canon Heinrich VII. A barrel of Schweidnitz beer at Christmas 1380 , which was confiscated by the city of Breslau, the so-called Breslau Beer War broke out , which lasted until 1382. As a result, Ruprecht's brother Heinrich lost the position of administrator of Breslau in 1381 , which, however, was transferred to the older brother Wenzel in the same year, who became Bishop of Breslau after the pacification in 1382.

After the death of the Schweidnitz widow Agnes von Habsburg in 1392, Ruprecht received back the Nimptsch , which had been pledged up to then .

After the death of the Glogau Duke Heinrich VIII. In 1397 Ruprecht took over the guardianship of his sons Johann I , Heinrich IX until 1403 . , Heinrich X. "Rumpold" and Wenzel .

Ruprecht was a respected prince who was appointed arbitrator several times. After King Wenceslas was captured for the second time, he and the Opole Duke Bernhard von Falkenberg chaired the Silesian League , which was concluded on July 17, 1402 and to which all Silesian princes and the cities of the Hereditary Duchy of Wroclaw belonged. 1403 offered Ruprecht together with Bolko III. and his son Nikolaus († 1405) von Münsterberg to Archduke Albrecht IV as a hostage instead of King Wenceslas, who was still being held in custody.

Ruprecht died in 1409 without male descendants. Since his brothers Boleslaw († 1394) and Heinrich VII. († 1397) were already dead, the Duchy of Liegnitz was now under the government of its only surviving brother, the Breslau bishop Wenzel von Liegnitz. With this, the direct line Liegnitz expired in 1417. Due to the total loan from 1379, Liegnitz did not fall to the Crown of Bohemia as a settled fiefdom. Ludwig I's grandson Ludwig II , who linked it with his Duchy of Brieg , became heir .

Ruprecht's body was buried in the Liegnitz collegiate church in the Holy Grave.


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