Wenceslas II (Liegnitz)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Epitaph for Bishop Wenzel von Liegnitz

Wenzel II of Liegnitz (* 1348 ; † December 30, 1419 in Ottmachau ) was Duke of Liegnitz from 1409 to 1419 , Bishop of Lebus from 1375 to 1382 and Prince-Bishop of Wroclaw from 1382 to 1417 .

Origin and family

Wenceslas II of Liegnitz came from the Silesian Piast family . His parents were Wenzel I , Duke of Liegnitz, and Anna, daughter of Duke Casimir I of Teschen .

Wenceslas siblings were

  • Ruprecht I , († 1409), Duke of Liegnitz, ⚭ 1372 Hedwig († 1390), daughter of Duke Heinrich V of Sagan
  • Boleslaw IV († 1394), Duke of Liegnitz, had an accident at a horse show
  • Henry VII (1355–1398), Duke of Liegnitz, Bishop of Kujawia
  • Hedwig († 1409), ⚭ 1372 Heinrich VI. of Sagan († 1393)


After their father's death in 1364, Wenzel and his siblings were initially under the guardianship of their uncle Ludwig I. When Wenzel's eldest brother Ruprecht came of age in 1368, he took over the guardianship of Wenzel and his siblings. At the same time Wenzel and his brothers Boleslaw and Heinrich became co-regents of Ruprecht. In order to avoid a further division of the Duchy of Liegnitz, Wenceslaus, like his younger brothers Boleslaw and Heinrich, was chosen by his parents for a spiritual career.

Wenzel studied in Montpellier and was canon in Breslau from 1368 . With papal dispensation - he had not yet reached canonical age - he became bishop of Lebus in 1375, but resided in Fürstenwalde , as the Lubusz Cathedral had been destroyed in 1373 by the troops of Emperor Charles IV (HRR) .

After Wenceslas brother Henry VII, who had held the office of diocese administrator in Wroclaw since 1379 , lost this position in early 1381 as a result of the Wroclaw Beer War , Wenceslaus was taken over by Pope Urban VI. appointed as his successor. At the beginning of 1382 the cathedral chapter postulated him as bishop of the Breslau bishop's chair, which had been vacant since 1376 . After the cathedral chapter and Wenceslaus recognized the Bohemian King Wenceslaus IV as their patron and committed themselves to a monetary payment and to keep all locks open for the king, the beer war was settled. Pope Urban VI. now lifted the interdict imposed by the cathedral chapter at the end of 1380 / beginning 1381 on Breslau and on April 13, 1382 transferred Wenceslaus from his previous place of activity Lebus to Breslau. He and the cathedral chapter swore the feudal oath to King Wenceslaus on January 6, 1383. He refused the cardinal dignity offered to him by the Pope in 1385 . In 1401, 1406 and 1415 he held diocesan synods .

During his tenure, the north tower of the Wroclaw Cathedral was expanded. In Ottmachau, Oberglogau and Falkenberg were collegiate built. A Carmelite monastery was founded in Striegau , a Pauline hermit monastery in Wiese near Oberglogau , and the Johanniter commandery in Warmbrunn was converted into a Cistercian provosty in 1403 , which was subordinate to the Grüssau monastery.

In 1417 Wenzel resigned and lived in Ottmachau Castle. After his death he was buried in the church of the Kollegiatstift in Ottmachau, which he had founded. After the collegiate monastery had been moved to Neisse , his bones were reburied in the local St. James' Church in 1477. The marble epitaph created for him shows him in full bishop's robe .

Wenzel died in 1419 as the last of his brothers, none of whom left any male descendants. Therefore the direct line of the Liegnitz Piasts died out with him .


Web links

Commons : Wenzel II. (Liegnitz)  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files
predecessor Office successor
Peter of Opole Bishop of Lebus
Johann II of Kittlitz
Preczlaw from Pogarell Prince-Bishop of Breslau
Konrad von Oels