Sporck (noble family)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Family arms of the von Sporck family
Baron coat of arms of the von Sporck family from 1647

Sporck , also Sporckh , is the name of an old Westphalian family who sat on the Sporckhof near Westerloh in the Delbrück region in the prince-bishopric of Paderborn . In the 17th century it achieved the status of imperial count and acquired considerable property in the Kingdom of Bohemia .


Swéerts-Sporck Palace in Prague , built in baroque style from 1694 to 1699, renovated in a classicist style in 1783
Field Marshal General Johann Sporck (* around 1600, † 1679)

The family comes from Westphalia. The documented trunk series begins with Franz Nolte ( called Sporck), owner of the Sporckhof, documented in 1597, † 1626. He was married to a daughter of Jobst Sporck, the former owner of the farm. The Sporckhof, a Bardenhauerstätte (Viertelmeier), was equal in importance and size to a Meierhof . One of Franz Sporck's younger sons, Johann Sporck (* around 1600, † 1679), became an officer and rose to become Imperial Field Marshal and Imperial Count . He fought in 1620 in the Battle of the White Mountain , in which his older brother fell as a cavalry champion . In his first marriage he had since 1639 with Anna Margaretha Linsingen (* 1610, † 1657) married his second wife since 1660 with the Mecklenburg, Eleonora Maria Katharina of Fineck (* 1639, † 1674).

Franz Anton Graf von Sporck
(* 1662; † 1738)

Count Johann von Sporck's sons from his second marriage were Franz Anton von Sporck (* 1662; † 1738), an important art patron and publisher , and Ferdinand Leopold (* 1664; † 1711). Franz Anton married Franziska Apollonia, born von Swéerts zu Reist (* 1667, † 1726) in 1686. The couple had four children, Eleonora Franziska (* 1687; † 1717), Anna Katharina (* 1689; † 1754) and their sons Johann Joseph and Johann Franz Anton Joseph Adam, born in 1691 and 1699, who died in childhood. Since Franz Anton now had no male descendants of his own, he adopted his son-in-law in 1718, who came from the same noble family as his wife Franziska Apollonia and was his nephew as a son of his sister Maria Sabina (* 1661; † 1717). The male line of his brother Ferdinand Leopold Graf von Sporck (* 1664; † 1711) did not go out until the first half of the 20th century in Munich or in Jungbunzlau north of Prague.


Franz Karl Rudolf Freiherr von Sweerts and Travels (* 1688, † 1757) from Brussels patrician family whose father Franz Johann von Sweerts-Reist 1654 the Bohemian Inkolat had received had since 1712 with Franz Anton von Sporck daughter, his cousin Anna Katharina, married . On his mother's side he was a grandson of Count Johann von Sporck . As the heir of his uncle, adoptive father-in-law and father-in-law, he received the city palace in Prague's New Town, later known as Palais Swéerts-Sporck, along with other Sporckian goods . He got for himself and the descendants from the marriage with the Sporck heir daughter on December 15, 1718 in Vienna the Bohemian count status as well as the name and coat of arms association with those of the Count Sporck as Count von Swéerts-Sporck . The Swéerts-Sporck family, which received the Landmannschaft von Krain on December 12, 1819 , still exists today.

Status surveys

  • Rich baron with Augmentation Of Honor : Prague 12 October 1647 (for Johann Sporckh , Imperial War Council , Field Marshal and Supreme the cavalry )
  • Bohemian Incolate : Prague November 21, 1648 (for the same)
  • Bohemian knighthood for the same sons Philipp and Johann, born out of a noble marriage: the first “from special imperial and royal grace” after his father was admitted to the knighthood in 1658, the second on the occasion of the award of the Bohemian count to his grandfather in 1666. Bohemian barons.
  • Imperial count status with "high and well-born" and improved coat of arms: Vienna 23 August 1664 (for the same as Imperial Court War Council and General of the Cavalry)
  • Bohemian count confirmation: Vienna June 30, 1666 (for the same Johann Count von Sporckh)
  • Galician country team : November 23, 1785
  • Legitimation at the Galician country table as count: October 26, 1789 (both for Johann Wenzel Graf von Sporck, Imperial and Royal Chamberlain, Real Privy Councilor and President of Appeal in Galicia)

coat of arms

  • Blazon of the family coat of arms : “ A bent, silver armored arm , growing in blue from a silver cloud on the left edge of the shield , holding a gold-tipped silver sword in the natural tinged hand. On the silver-blue puffed helmet (on a leaning tartsch shield) with blue-silver covers the growing sword arm. "
Sporck-Swéerts alliance coat of arms
  • The baronial coat of arms from 1647 is quartered and covered with a blue heart shield , inside an angled silver sword arm growing out of a silver cloud on the lower right edge of the shield; Field 1 and 4 in gold a gold-crowned and armored black double-headed eagle, 2 and 3 in red on a green three-hill, turned inwards, a gold-crowned double-tailed silver lion, holding a golden lance with a flag embroidered in gold and black; on the shield three helmets, on the first one with black and gold covers the angled sword arm resting with the elbow on the helmet crown , on the middle helmet with black and gold covers on the right and red and silver covers on the left, a golden shield with the imperial monogram on the chest, on the left helmet with the red and silver cover the lion of the shield growing, the lance with the flag embroidered in gold and black.
Family coat of arms of those of Swéerts
  • The multi-field coat of arms from 1648 is quartered and covered with a blue heart shield, in it diagonally to the right a brown-bearded Turkish head with a silver turban, golden agraffe and black heron bush ; Field 1 and 4 as 1647, field 2 and 3 also as 1647; on the shield five helmets, on the first with a black and gold blanket a natural-colored peacock feather , on the second with a black and gold blanket the lion with the lance growing with a flag embroidered in black and gold, on the third with black and gold on the right On the left, the double-headed eagle with red and silver covers, on the fourth a growing Turk in a purple skirt with a gold belt and a silver-lined red cloak, holding a golden piston in his right hand, on the fifth with a red and silver cover a growing arm in armor, with his bare one Faust brandishing a golden sword.
  • The Swéerts-Sporck coat of arms from 1718 is square and covered with a blue heart shield, in it the Sporkian Turkish head with a red turban and silver ribbon, golden agraffe and black heron bush; Fields 1 and 4 divided, above a red lion growing inward in silver, below divided by blue and gold and in the golden field a blue star; Fields 2 and 3 split from silver and red six times at the tip; on the shield five helmets with red and silver covers; on the first helmet a natural-colored peacock feather, on the second the growing red lion, on the middle a gold-crowned and armored black double-headed eagle, on the fourth a growing Turk in a red skirt with a silver belt, purple cloak and turban as in the heart shield in which Holding a golden butt on the right, on the fifth helmet a growing armored arm, in the bare fist holding a golden sword, between open blue flight .

Name bearer


Web links

Commons : Sporck  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b c Genealogical Handbook of Adels , Adelslexikon Volume XIII, Volume 128 of the complete series, CA Starke Verlag Limburg (Lahn) 2002, p. 484 f.
  2. Biography 1 with references ( memento of the original dated February 4, 2014 in the Internet Archive ) Info: The archive link was inserted automatically and has not yet been checked. Please check the original and archive link according to the instructions and then remove this notice. @1@ 2Template: Webachiv / IABot / www.funki-koellner.de
  3. a b Sporck family line
  4. ↑ Main series Swéerts-Sporck
  5. a b Genealogisches Handbuch des Adels, Adelslexikon Volume XIV, Volume 131 of the complete series, CA Starke Verlag Limburg (Lahn) 2003, p. 278
  6. Böhmische Landtafel , series hall books, volume LXVII, pages 214v. – 223.
  7. Böhmische Landtafel, series hall books, volume LXVII, pages 223v. – 238.
  8. ^ JA Tyroff, Book of Arms of the Austrian Monarchy , Volume 6, Nuremberg 1834, Plate 88 ( digitized version )