Vila Franca do Campo

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vila Franca do Campo
coat of arms map
Coat of arms of Vila Franca do Campo
Vila Franca do Campo (Azores)
Vila Franca do Campo
Basic data
Autonomous Region : Azores
Concelho : Vila Franca do Campo
Coordinates : 37 ° 43 ′  N , 25 ° 26 ′  W Coordinates: 37 ° 43 ′  N , 25 ° 26 ′  W
Residents: 11,229 (as of June 30, 2011)
Surface: 77.96 km² (as of January 1, 2010)
Population density : 144 inhabitants per km²
Postal code : 9680
Mayor : Ricardo Rodrigues
Vila Franca do Campo district
flag map
Flag of Vila Franca do Campo Location of the district of Vila Franca do Campo
Residents: 11,229 (as of June 30, 2011)
Surface: 77.96 km² (as of January 1, 2010)
Population density : 144 inhabitants per km²
Number of municipalities : 5
Administration address: Câmara Municipal de Vila Franca do Campo
Praça da República
9680-115 Vila Franca do Campo
President of the Câmara Municipal: António Fernando Raposo Cordeiro ( PS )

Vila Franca do Campo (  [ ˈvilɐ ˈfɾɐ̃kɐ ðu ˈkɐ̃pu ] ) is a small town ( Vila ) and a district ( Concelho ) on São Miguel , an island in the Azores belonging to Portugal . The city has about 4100 inhabitants. 11,229 people live in the district on an area of ​​78 km² (as of June 30, 2011), which corresponds to a population density of 144 inhabitants / km². Please click to listen!Play

View over Vila Franca do Campo


Vila Franca do Campo - 360 ° panorama
Show as spherical panorama

Vila Franca do Campo is located on the south coast of the largest Azores island of São Miguel. In front of the place in the Atlantic Ocean is the small volcanic island of Ilhéu de Vila Franca do Campo , whose crater wall is broken on the north side towards the sea, so that seawater can flow in and sand has been deposited. The result is a natural swimming pool, the depth of which barely exceeds a meter at high tide. During the summer months, boats go from Vila Franca to the Ilheu (the crossing takes about 20 minutes) and bring adults and children there for a day of swimming. Opposite the island is the Praia da Vinha da Areia .

Origin of the place name

Vila is the Portuguese word for "small town" and campo means "plain". The addition franca ("free") refers to the fact that city residents were originally exempt from paying taxes.


Convent and Church of Igreja e Convento Santo André

The place Vila Franca do Campo became the first capital of São Miguel after the discovery of the - until then deserted - Azores island by Portuguese seafarers in the year 1427. However, there are indications that the Phoenicians already knew the Azores in antiquity . Soon after the Portuguese began to settle São Miguel permanently, the town was founded from Povoação . The feudal lord of the island, the founding nobility and the large landowners lived in Vila Franca. The customs authority was located here until 1518 and the place quickly became the most important settlement on the island. On the night of October 21-22, 1522, however, the place was destroyed by a landslide caused by an earthquake . The entire population of around 5000 people was killed. Then the capital was relocated to Ponta Delgada , which has received this status to this day. Vila Franca recovered and is now a flourishing district town.

The regional pilgrimage site of Ermida de Nossa Senhora da Paz


The city is dominated by the chapel Ermida de Nossa Senhora da Paz , built in 1764 , to which a stairway decorated with tiles ( azulejos ) leads. In the city center are the former monastery church Igreja de Santo André from the 17th century, which belonged to a Clarissa monastery that was dissolved in 1832, the baroque Igreja de São Pedro with an altar from 1754 and the three-aisled parish church Igreja de São Miguel Arcanjo from the 16th century. which was rebuilt in the original style after the earthquake of 1522.



Vila Franca do Campo is the seat of a district of the same name ( concelho ). Its neighboring districts are:

Ribeira Grande
Lagoa Neighboring communities Povoação
Atlantic Ocean

The urban area of ​​Vila Franca do Campo is formed by the two municipalities of São Miguel and São Pedro. The Vila Franca do Campo district consists of the following six municipalities ( freguesias ):

Vila Franca do Campo district
local community Population
Density of
population / km²
Água de Alto 1,788 18.41 97 420601
Ponta Garça 3,547 29.35 121 420602
Ribeira das Tainhas 703 9.59 73 420603
Ribeira Seca 1.106 5.53 200 420606
São Miguel 2,659 12.60 211 420604
Sao Pedro 1,426 2.48 574 420605
Vila Franca do Campo district 11,229 77.96 144 4206

Population development

Population in the Vila Franca do Campo County 1849–2011
year 1849 1900 1930 1960 1981 1991 2001 2004 2011
Residents 8,398 11,190 11.204 14,596 11,866 11,050 11,150 11,039 11,229

Municipal holiday

  • June 24th
Bento de Góis (Spanish image)
José Medeiros (2012)

Town twinning

sons and daughters of the town

Web links

Commons : Vila Franca do Campo (Azores)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. a b - indicator resident population by place of residence and sex; Decennial in the database of the Instituto Nacional de Estatística
  2. a b Overview of code assignments from Freguesias on
  3. Stéphan Szeremeta: Açores , p. 111. Paris 2014
  4. Tommy Andersson: Geology of Lagoa das Furnas, a crater lake on São Miguel, Azores archipelago (PDF; 2.77 MB). Dissertation, Stockholm University, 2005, p. 6.
  5. Stéphan Szeremeta: Açores , p. 113. Paris 2014
  6. , accessed on September 1, 2013.