Vulcan (Hunedoara)

from Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Vulcan Coat of Arms (Hunedoara)
Vulcan (Hunedoara) (Romania)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : RomaniaRomania Romania
Historical region : Transylvania
Circle : Hunedoara
Coordinates : 45 ° 23 '  N , 23 ° 17'  E Coordinates: 45 ° 22 '52 "  N , 23 ° 17' 29"  E
Time zone : EET ( UTC +2)
Height : 603  m
Area : 87.31  km²
Residents : 24,160 (October 20, 2011)
Population density : 277 inhabitants per km²
Postal code : 336200
Telephone code : (+40) 02 54
License plate : HD
Structure and administration (as of 2016)
Community type : Municipality
Structure : 2 districts / cadastral communities: Dealu Babii , Jiu-Paroșeni
Mayor : Gheorghe Ile ( PSD )
Postal address : St. Mihai Viteazu, no. 31
loc. Vulcan, jud. Hunedoara, RO-336200
Website :

Vulcan ( German  Wolkersdorf , Hungarian Zsilyvajdevulkán ) is a city in the Romanian district of Hunedoara .


The city is about halfway between Lupeni ( Schylwolfsbach ) and Petroșani ( Petroschen ). Vulcan is located about 100 kilometers south of the district capital Deva ( Diemrich ) on the national road Drum național 66A and on the river Jiul de Vest . The Vulcan Pass connects the Upper Schiltal with Little Wallachia .


A settlement has been documented on the territory of Wolkersdorf since 1462. Vulcan was declared a city in 1954, and finally a municipality in 2003 .

Ethnic composition

Wolkersdorf, in which mining has been carried out since the 19th century , was settled by miners of various ethnic groups . In part, this is still the case today.

Ethnic group Percentage (2002)
Romanians 91.30%
Magyars 7.5%
Roma 0.63%
German 0.36%

Legend of the discovery of coal

The coal deposits in the region were discovered in 1788 when the Austrian general Landau defended Wolkersdorf from Ottoman attackers. One night, when the soldiers were unable to put out the campfire, they poured underlying "earth" onto the fire and the coal caught fire. Landau found that he could stop the Turks without a fight by piling coal on the fire. The Ottomans noticed the many fire pits on the heights. They thought that the Austrian army was much larger than theirs and withdrew.


  • Ștefan Onisie (1925–1984), Romanian football player and coach
  • Sándor Palotay (1926–1979), Hungarian Adventist theologian, preacher, publicist, club manager and peace activist


  • Travel Guide Transylvania, ed. on behalf of the working group for Transylvanian regional studies eV, Thaur near Innsbruck 1993

Web links

Commons : Vulcan (Hunedoara)  - Collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. 2011 census in Romania at
  2. Information on Vulcan at