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Petroschen (Steinthal)
Petroșani coat of arms
Petroșani (Romania)
Paris plan pointer b jms.svg
Basic data
State : RomaniaRomania Romania
Historical region : Transylvania
Circle : Hunedoara
Coordinates : 45 ° 25 '  N , 23 ° 22'  E Coordinates: 45 ° 24 '37 "  N , 23 ° 22' 16"  E
Time zone : EET ( UTC +2)
Height : 431  m
Area : 195.56  km²
Residents : 37,160 (October 20, 2011)
Population density : 190 inhabitants per km²
Postal code : 330001
Telephone code : (+40) 02 54
License plate : HD
Structure and administration (as of 2016)
Community type : Municipality
Structure : 4 districts / cadastral communities: Dâlja Mare , Dâlja Mică , Peştera Bolii , Slătinioara
Mayor : Florin-Tiberiu Iacob-Ridzi ( PNL )
Postal address : Str. 1 Decembrie 1918, no. 93
loc. Petroșani, jud. Hunedoara, RO-330001
Website :
Petroșani (red square) - Romania - Neighboring towns: Târgu Jiu , Drobeta Turnu Severin , Hunedoara , Deva , Sibiu , Râmnicu Vâlcea

Petroșani ( Hungarian Petrozsény , German  Petroschen , formerly German Steinthal ) is a city in Romania ; it is in the Hunedoara district in the Carpathian Mountains of Transylvania . The place is the center of a mining area and is known as the "City of Coal", but also a university town.

Location and population

Petroșani had 45,195 inhabitants in 2002. 89.4 percent of the population were Romanians, 8.44 percent Hungarians , and 1.16 were Roma . The city is located in the Jiu Valley on the Jiul de Est River . The valley is surrounded by the Carpathian massifs Retezat Mountains (NNW), Șureanu Mountains (ONO), Vâlcan Mountains (S) and Parâng (OSO).


The name of the city is derived from Petros , he was probably a former resident of today's Petroșani. The place was founded in 1768, an evangelical congregation has been known since 1896. The well-known writer of fantastic literature Jules Verne described the area in his book " The Carpathian Castle ", which is set in a mountain village in the nearby mountains under the Retezat.


The city has a theater and a mining museum. There is a popular ski area at Parâng. The Retezat Mountains on the other hand are the westernmost high mountains (2509 m) of the Romanian Carpathians and important parts of it are protected in Romania's oldest national park . Petroschen is an important gateway to this Retezat National Park , the south side of which is most directly accessible from there via the neighboring valley of Jiul de Vest, via the cities of Vulcan and Lupeni .


Petroșani is a Romanian center of coal mining. 60 percent of the population works in the coal mines. In 1999, many of the mine workers protested at the so-called Mineriades against the government-ordered closure of a total of 140 mines in the Jiu Valley . The miners had been a tool of abuse by political groups and the Securitate secret service at least since the 1989 revolution , which led to the overthrow of the dictator Nicolae Ceauşescu .

sons and daughters of the town

See also

Web links

Commons : Petroșani  - collection of images, videos and audio files

Individual evidence

  1. 2011 census in Romania at