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| 1st century BC Chr. | 1st century | 2nd century |
| 40s | 50s | 60s | 70s | 80s | 90s | 100s |
◄◄ | | 75 | 76 | 77 | 78 | 79 | 80 | 81 | 82 | 83 | | ►►

Heads of state

Bust of Vespasian
The Roman emperor
Vespasian dies.
Bust of Titus in the Archaeological Museum in Naples
His son Titus
ascends the throne.
Map of the eruption of Vesuvius in 79
An eruption of Vesuvius
destroys the cities of Pompeii , Herculaneum and Stabiae .
79 in other calendars
Ethiopian calendar 71/72
Buddhist calendar 622/623 (southern Buddhism); 621/622 (alternative calculation according to Buddha's Parinirvana )
Chinese calendar 46th (47th) cycle , year of the earth-hare己卯 ( at the beginning of the year earth-tiger 戊寅)
Greek calendar 2nd / 3rd Year of the 214th Olympiad
Jewish calendar 3839/40 (September 15/16)
Roman calendar from urbe condita DCCCXXXII (832)
Seleucid era Babylon: 389/390 (turn of the year April); Syria: 390/391 (New Year October)
Spanish era 117
Vikram Sambat (Nepalese Calendar) 135/136 (turn of the year April)


Politics and world events

science and technology



Preserved imprints of victims of the volcanic eruption

When Vesuvius erupts , the Roman cities of Pompeii , Herculaneum , Oplontis and Stabiae are destroyed by a pyroclastic current . With two letters from the Roman writer Pliny the Younger , whose uncle Pliny the Elder was killed in the volcanic eruption , it is the first natural disaster to be documented in detail . In the two letters to the historian Tacitus , Pliny describes numerous details of the eruption: the rise of the eruption column, the precipitation of ash and pumice stones, tremors and the retreat of the sea level. This type of explosive volcanic eruption is now known as the Plinian eruption for this reason . The report allows an exact dating to the year 79, but the date of August 24th derived from it is controversial: Coin analyzes and finds of autumn fruits such as pomegranates, chestnuts, nuts and olives, as well as closed wine containers near Boscoreale, in which must is stored, also leave the Interpretation that the eruption did not occur until autumn.



Date of death secured

Pliny the Elder

Exact date of death unknown

Died at 79

Web links

Commons : 79  - Collection of pictures, videos and audio files