Strassberg section fortification (Bobingen)
The stretcher fortification section is located next to a medieval castle stable on the Wertachleite north of the Bobingen district of Straßberg in the Augsburg district (Bavarian Swabia). The ground monument could be in its final stage on a hungary temporal decline fortification.
The time of the preserved earthworks is unclear. The Burgplatz was already settled during the Urnfield Period (archaeological find). A larger burial mound field from the Bronze and Hallstatt ages has been preserved to the northwest of the complex .
The earth ribs in front of the front wall were interpreted by Otto Schneider as a rider approaching obstacles from the Hungarian period. Such bars, placed vertically in front of the main wall, were certainly reinforced with pointed stakes or planted with thorn bushes and thus forced the Magyar riders to engage in unfamiliar foot-fights.
Similar "Reitergassen" are a special feature of the Hungarian fortifications in the area of the diocese of Augsburg . In the simplified or early version of these obstacles, Straßberg shows clear similarities to the fortification on the Eselsberg near Thierhaupten . The larger Hungarian walls (Buschelberg near Fischach , Haldenburg near Schwabegg) were up to 30 meters long earth ribs.
The pre-fortifications in Straßberg can also be interpreted as pitfalls. The short earth bars could not keep the mounted Hungarian archers at a distance from the main wall without additional obstacles to approach.
Just as unclear is the time of the immediately adjacent fortification " in the cattle drive ". This ground monument could have been a high medieval castle. The impressive ramparts and trenches were created by reworking older hollow channels, which point to an abandoned workshop (iron ore mine). In the south, a four-fold staggered wall system was created, which in turn is reminiscent of Hungarian fortifications.
The 40-meter-long rampart was placed on a natural step in the terrain and separates an approximately 70-meter-long hill spur that jumps out to the east from the ridge. In the northwest the terrain is relatively flat to the plateau. No other earthworks can be seen in this area. In the south and east, the steep slopes protect the weir system, which is around 30 meters above the Wertach plain .
The outer wall height is about two meters. In the west of the wall is a ditch up to a meter deep , which is interrupted by five earth bolts. To the east, the embankment drops in an arc about four meters to the interior.
The western foreland was heavily modified by the installation of an elevated water tank. The preserved wall may have lost some of its original height due to the earth flow.
The Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation lists the ground monument as a section fortification of an unknown period and a settlement from the Urnfield period under monument number D 7-7730-0034.
- Otto Schneider: The former castles of Bobingen and the Wertachleite between Wellenburg and Siebnach . In: Walter Pötzl, Wolfgang Wüst (ed.): Bobingen and his story. Bobingen, 1994, pp. 50-64. ISBN 3-930749-00-9