|coat of arms||Germany map|
|Administrative region :||Swabia|
|Height :||521 m above sea level NHN|
|Area :||50.28 km 2|
|Residents:||17,307 (Dec. 31, 2019)|
|Population density :||344 inhabitants per km 2|
|Postal code :||86399|
|Area code :||08234|
|License plate :||A , SMÜ, WHO|
|Community key :||09 7 72 125|
|City structure:||6 parts of the community|
City administration address :
|First Mayor :||Klaus Förster ( CSU )|
|Location of the city of Bobingen in the Augsburg district|
There are 6 officially named parts of the municipality :
|coat of arms||district||Residents|
|Core city with settlement||15,126|
|Reinhartshausen with Burgwalden||653|
Status: end of 2019
Until the 19th century
The place name goes back to the Alemannic settler "Pobo" (around 506). Around 993 Bobingen was called “Pobinga” (“with the people of Pobo”). Around 933, Bobingen was first mentioned in a document in the Vita S. Udalrici . Bobingen in what is now the Swabian district was later the maintenance office of the Augsburg bishopric . With the Reichsdeputationshauptschluss of 1803, the place came to Bavaria . In 1847 it was connected to the Ludwig-Süd-Nord-Bahn ( Lindau - Hof ). In 1899 the artificial silk factory was founded (production started in 1902).
In 1938/39 the Fasan explosives factory was built southwest of the urban area of Bobingen . Towards the end of the Second World War, the factory produced a large part of the explosive hexogen for the Wehrmacht .
The remains of the Bobingen castle stables , a former moated castle and its successors, were removed around 1967 in the course of the new construction of the now old fire station and a Red Cross station. In 1953 Bobingen's market survey took place, and in 1969 it was granted city rights . In 1972, as part of the municipal reform, the towns of Straßberg and Reinhartshausen were incorporated with Burgwalden .
Bobingen then belonged to the Augsburg district. 1975 Waldberg and Kreuzanger were incorporated. In 1993 the Singoldhalle, the Bobinger Stadthalle, was completed. In 1994 Bobingen celebrated its 1000th anniversary in connection with the city's 25th anniversary.
Bobinger Büble legend
However, this cannot be historically correct, as there was no gallows in Bobingen and therefore no executions were carried out. The place of execution of the high judiciary was located in Schwabmünchen .
- The large and beautiful village of Bobingen is three hours south of Augsburg, on the so-called Hochstraße . But then it is not good to ask: “Where is Bobingen going?” And some have bloody heads as a result: at least one is treated with abuse and ridicule and the most blasphemous speeches, he can only ask whoever he wants. This is because a long time ago a fellow from Bobingen was brought to justice. The defendant turned to an attorney in Augsburg, who had a reputation for being able to "fight through" anything. The latter advised him to act stupid in court and to give the answer "Bobingen to" to every question put to him, while pointing with the right hand under his nose from the right to the left side. He did exactly as he was advised and, as there was no confession or anything else, he was released by the court. After a while he came into town for business and met the lawyer who curiously asked him about the outcome of the proceedings. After hearing of the happy success he said, “Now it is up to you to reward me for this advice; I ask for two Karolin for my endeavors. ”But the boy threw the astonished man a“ Bobingen zu ”, turned around the street corner and since that time has kept the lawyer waiting for his wages.
Since the census in May 1987, the city grew from 13,553 to 17,535 inhabitants by the end of 2019. This corresponds to an increase of 3,982 inhabitants or 29.4%.
|Population from 1840 to 2019|
|Data source: Bavarian State Office for Statistics|
On July 1, 1972, the previously independent communities Reinhartshausen and Straßberg were incorporated . On July 1, 1975, Waldberg and parts of the area of the dissolved Kreuzanger community were added. Finally, on May 1, 1978, parts of the neighboring community of Wehringen, which then had around 25 inhabitants, were taken over.
Since the last local election on March 15, 2020 , the city council has been composed as follows:
|Political party||Election 2002||2008 election||Election 2014||2020 election|
|Free Citizens Union||1||2||2||4th|
Klaus Förster (CSU) has been mayor since May 1, 2020 , and won the runoff election on March 29, 2020 against the long-time mayor Bernd Müller with 56.1% of the vote.
- 1996–2020 Bernd Müller (SPD)
- 1972–1996 Hartmut Gärtner (SPD)
- 1955–1972 Alois Häring (Free Voters)
- 1948–1955 Georg Hartmann (SPD)
coat of arms
Blazon : "In blue a silver tip, inside a black horseshoe ."
Coat of arms history: The meaning of the horseshoe in the municipal coat of arms is not clearly clarified. On the one hand, the horseshoe could be reminiscent of horse breeding that used to be carried out intensively in the municipality . Others see in his depiction a reference to the frequent horseshoe finds, which are interpreted as so-called Hungarian iron from the battle against the Hungarians on the Lechfeld in 955. A seal from around 1815 with a horseshoe in the shield comes from a place symbol that places along the so-called Hochstraße accepted at the request of the then Prince-Bishop Clemens Wenzeslaus von Augsburg (1739 to 1812) to mark boundary stones , border posts or pasture pillars. Since the award of the national emblem by King Ludwig I in 1837, the municipal coat of arms has borne the Bavarian state colors with the black horseshoe.
Economy and Infrastructure
In the 19th century, a rayon factory was set up in Bobingen , later a polyester fiber production ( PET base). After the war, the site became part of Hoechst AG . In the course of the split-up of Hoechst AG, the location was converted into the "Industriepark Werk Bobingen (IWB)" in 1998. The chemical activities in the area of polyester fiber production are today (2012) distributed among three companies ( Trevira , Johns Manville, Nextrusion). The infrastructure and services are provided by various service providers. The site houses a total of 16 companies (as of 2010) on around 80 hectares with around 1450 jobs.
- State secondary school
- Dr. Jaufmann Middle School
- Laurentius Elementary School
- Ludger Hölker elementary school in Straßberg
- Primary school Bobingen on the Singold
- Adult Education Center Bobingen
- Vocational school for nursing
The first municipal hospital in Bobingen was opened in 1858. In 1953 a new building was built, which was expanded in 1957/58. After the capacity became insufficient in the 1960s, a new building was opened at the current location near the Wertach River in 1969. In 1997 and 2000 conversion and renovation measures took place. In 2006, the joint municipal company “Wertachkliniken Bobingen and Schwabmünchen” was founded, and the previously independent hospitals were now united under one roof.
The Wertach Clinic Bobingen has a capacity of 130 beds with the main departments:
In addition, the following specialist disciplines are carried out by attending physicians:
The RTW is manned 24 hours a day, the KTW 8 hours during the week. There is no clearly defined area of responsibility here. The integrated control center in Augsburg always alerts the next available rescue equipment, administrative boundaries (e.g. rural districts) play no role here. Areas of application are the southern district of Augsburg and the city of Augsburg.
The fire station of the Bobingen volunteer fire brigade is located on the corner of Michael-Schäffer-Strasse and Hoechster Strasse in Bobingen. A fire fighting and an arming train are stationed here. There is also no clearly defined area of responsibility here; the FFB, like the rescue service, is alerted via the ILS Augsburg. The area of operation includes approximately the core town of Bobingen with the Bobingen settlement, as well as all districts of Bobingen and the places Königsbrunn, Oberottmarshausen, Wehringen and Großaitingen to support. The FFB was founded in 1871. On average, the FFB goes out for around 130 missions a year.
In the districts of Straßberg, Reinhartshausen and Waldberg / Kreuzanger there are independent fire brigades, each with a portable pump vehicle .
- AVV bus line 700 Augsburg – Schwabmünchen
- AVV bus line 720 Bobingen– Mickhausen
- AVV bus line 721 Göggingen –Schwabmünchen
- AVV bus line 722 Bobingen– Münster
- AVV night bus route 797 Göggingen– Untermeitingen PM (since August 7, 2008)
- The Autobahn 8 runs approx. 16 kilometers north of Bobingen
- The Autobahn 96 runs about 25 kilometers south of Bobingen
- Bundesstrasse 17 east of Bobingen, Bundesstrasse 300 north of Bobingen
- Bobingen is on a route on the Camino de Santiago . Here the east route from Augsburg to Lindau passes Bobingen. Coming from Augsburg, the path leads along the Wertach to the hospital and then continues via Bobingen-Siedlung, Straßberg and Reinhartshausen.
The double-track main line from Augsburg to Buchloe runs through Bobingen . The Bobingen train station is located east of the city center . The separation station is the beginning of the Lechfeldbahn via Kaufering to Landsberg am Lech . The station has five platform tracks, but is not barrier-free . The Augsburg – Buchloe railway line is operated by Deutsche Bahn under the course book lines 971 and 987 and served at least every half hour. The Lechfeldbahn to Landsberg is operated as timetable route 986 every hour . There is a calculated 15-minute cycle between Augsburg and Bobingen. The station is located in the area of the Augsburg Transport Association (AVV). The railway lines running through the station are integrated into the AVV as AVV regional trains R7 Augsburg– Schwabmünchen and R8 Augsburg– Klosterlechfeld .
Bobingen station was opened in 1847 by the Royal Bavarian State Railways as a through station on the single-track section Augsburg – Buchloe– Kaufbeuren of the Ludwig-Süd-Nord-Bahn . In 1877, the Lechfeldbahn to Landsberg was opened, making the station a separation station. In 1902 the Ludwig-Süd-Nord-Bahn was expanded to double tracks and the track system of the station was expanded. It received a platform underpass , wooden platform roofs and two mechanical signal boxes . The construction of a siding to the artificial silk and powder factory in Bobingen in 1915 led to a sharp increase in freight traffic. From 1938 the siding also served to connect the Fasan explosives factory , after the Second World War it connected the Hoechst paintworks , now Trevira , to the railway. After a decline in the 1960s and 1970s, local freight traffic ceased in the 1990s and some freight tracks were dismantled. The siding is still served today. The integration of the station into the Augsburg transport association in 1985 and into the Allgäu-Schwaben-Takt in 1993 led to an upturn in passenger traffic and a steady increase in passenger numbers.
The reception building from 1847 has been preserved to this day. It is a two-storey building with a gable roof , which has a return on the track and street side. Originally made of exposed brick , it is now plastered. After the opening of the Lechfeldbahn, it received a single-storey extension with an open waiting hall until 1880.
Culture and sights
- Sanctuary to Our Lady
- City Church of St. Felizitas
- St. Wolfgang and Wendelin
- Evangelical Trinity Church
- Parish church of St. Laurentius in Reinhartshausen
- Islamic mosque
- Late medieval atonement cross
- Lower castle
- Medium mill
- Middle castle
- Upper mill
- Brewery and former inn
- Cosimosine castle
- Upper castle
- Milestone on the historic Roman road
- Singoldhalle (town hall)
- Bobinger Büble
- Western Forests Nature Park
sport and freetime
Gymnastics and sports clubs
- The TSV Bobingen 1910 eV was founded in 1910 by Josef Haggenmüller and is currently 14 departments of the largest and oldest gymnastics and sports club in Bobingen.
- The Türk SV Bobingen 1990 eV was founded in 1990 and currently comprises 3 departments.
- The Siedler SV Bobingen 1959 eV was founded in 1959 and currently comprises 7 departments.
- The SV Reinhartshausen 1964 eV was founded in 1964 and currently comprises 2 departments.
- The ASC Bobingen eV in ADAC was established in 1952 and gained nationwide notoriety as the organizer of motor racing event hillclimb Mickhausen .
Sports facilities and swimming pools
- Athletics stadium that was inaugurated in 1990 and has been continuously renovated since 2017.
- 6 sports halls including a triple gym, a double gym and 4 single gyms.
- 2 skate parks
- Basketball court
- 3 soccer fields
- 2 football fields
- Tennis court
- Golf course in the district of Burgwalden, operated by the Golf Club Augsburg 1959 eV
- Indoor swimming pool with a 25m pool
- Outdoor pool with 50m sports pool and diving platform with 1/3/5 meters.
sons and daughters of the town
- Maximilian Kugelmann (1857–1935) was Rector General of the Pallottines from 1903 to 1909 .
- Roy Black (1943–1991) was a pop singer and actor in several German music films.
- Christine glasses , diplomat.
- Reiner Erben (* 1958), politician (Alliance 90 / The Greens).
- Hans Gruber (* 1960), educationalist and chess composer.
- Christof Breitsameter (* 1967), Catholic theologian.
- Ralf Tekaat (* 1970), contemporary artist.
- Philipp Köster (* 1972), editor-in-chief of the soccer magazine 11 Freunde .
- Miriam Gruß (* 1975), politician (FDP).
- Meike Droste (* 1980), actress.
- Sabine Melanie Rittel (* 1980), actress, radio play and voice actor.
- MarieMarie (* 1984), singer-songwriter and harpist.
- Matthias Forster (* 1985), former national ice hockey player.
- Max Hemmersdorfer (* 1985), actor.
- Marco Holzer (* 1988), Formula BMW driver.
- Andreas Farny (* 1992), ice hockey player.
- Johann Holzapfel (1678–1747) was a master bricklayer and builder.
- Josef Dilger (1899–1972) was a painter, artist and teacher.
- Ludger Hölker (1934–1964) was a pilot and first lieutenant in the Air Force.
- Percy Hoven (* 1965), former German radio and television presenter.
- Walter Pötzl , Wolfgang Wüst (ed.): Bobingen and his story. City of Bobingen, Bobingen 1994, ISBN 3-930749-00-9 .
- City of Bobingen
- Bobingen: Official statistics of the LfStat (PDF; 1.2 MB)
- War dead in Bobingen and the districts
- "Data 2" sheet, Statistical Report A1200C 202041 Population of the municipalities, districts and administrative districts 1st quarter 2020 (population based on the 2011 census) ( help ).
- First Mayor Klaus Förster. Bobingen municipality, accessed on May 31, 2020 .
- Community Bobingen in the local database of the Bavarian State Library Online . Bavarian State Library, accessed on August 20, 2019.
- Population of the city of Bobingen. Municipality of Bobingen, accessed on June 2, 2020 .
- Bavarian State Office for Statistics and Data Processing (Hrsg.): The municipalities of Bavaria according to the territorial status May 25, 1987. The population of the municipalities of Bavaria and the changes in the acquisitions and territory from 1840 to 1987 (= contributions to Statistics Bavaria . Issue 451). Munich 1991, p. 122 , urn : nbn: de: bvb: 12-bsb00070717-7 ( digitized ).
- Wilhelm Volkert (ed.): Handbook of Bavarian offices, communities and courts 1799–1980 . CH Beck, Munich 1983, ISBN 3-406-09669-7 , p. 569 .
- Federal Statistical Office (ed.): Historical municipality directory for the Federal Republic of Germany. Name, border and key number changes in municipalities, counties and administrative districts from May 27, 1970 to December 31, 1982 . W. Kohlhammer, Stuttgart / Mainz 1983, ISBN 3-17-003263-1 , p. 767, 768 .
- Entry on the coat of arms of Bobingen in the database of the House of Bavarian History
- Bobingen volunteer fire brigade .
- Peter Rasch: The branch lines between Ammersee, Lech and Wertach. With the Ammerseebahn, Pfaffenwinkelbahn & Co around the Bavarian Rigi . EOS Verlag, St. Ottilien 2011, ISBN 978-3-8306-7455-9 , pp. 285-290 .