Burgstall Bobingen

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Burgstall Bobingen
Castle type : Niederungsburg, moth
Conservation status: Burgstall
Standing position : Nobility, Ministeriale
Place: Bobingen
Geographical location 48 ° 16 ′ 0 ″  N , 10 ° 49 ′ 0 ″  E Coordinates: 48 ° 16 ′ 0 ″  N , 10 ° 49 ′ 0 ″  E
Height: 521  m above sea level NN
Burgstall Bobingen (Bavaria)
Burgstall Bobingen

The high medieval castle stable Bobingen was about 150 meters west of the St. Felizitas Church in Bobingen in the Augsburg district ( old district Schwabmünchen ) in Swabia . The ground monument was removed after the Second World War without consulting the State Office for Monument Preservation .


The small moated castle "in the Wiesensteige" was probably the residence of a local noble family, which appeared for the first time in 1130 with Konrad von Bobingen in the written sources. The Lords of Bobingen were servants of the diocese of Augsburg . However, in the High Middle Ages several families named themselves after the place. Most of the name bearers appear as witnesses for other - mostly Bavarian - ministerials in the documents.

Such hill-towers (moths) in local locations were usually built by the servants of more powerful feudal lords or the monasteries and dioceses. Some of these formerly unfree ministerials managed to rise to the lower nobility in the course of the High Middle Ages , others fell back into the peasant class or established themselves in the bourgeoisie of nearby cities.

There are no other records of the history of the Burgplatz in the local historical sources. As a follow-up facility, the "Old Office Castle" was later built on the grounds of the moated castle in the course of the expansion of the episcopal administration. This nursing home is described in the land register of 1498 as " gschloß mit sampt ainen stadel vnnd viehstall vnnd the garden vnnd weyer, zerrugks white ... ". After 1590, extensive repairs had to be carried out due to the building's "pawfehlkait".

In 1681 the Augsburg bishopric finally acquired the more representative “Lower Castle” and relocated the official residence of the caretaker . The old care lock on the Burgstall was largely destroyed during the Thirty Years War and was given up.

At the time the plan was drawn up by the Augsburg historian Dr. Albrecht von Rad (1905) was an agricultural property on Burgplatz. In the second half of the 20th century, the Burgstall was leveled and built with a fire station and a Red Cross station. The measures were carried out without notifying the responsible monument authority.


The hand-drawn sketch from 1905 shows an almost circular mound of earth with a diameter of around 35 meters. At that time there was a farm on the castle grounds. The surrounding moat had already partially dried out and was filled in in the south-west for an access road. In the east of the moat there was another moat, which continued at an angle to the west and probably originally flowed into the course of the Singold . The river protected the Burgplatz in the west.

The outer ditch continued to the south-west to secure the outer bailey , but was largely filled in by 1905. According to the documented remains of the moat, the outer bailey area should have been around 25 by 100 meters.

In the Augsburg area, most of the formerly numerous such small castles in local or valley locations were removed in the 19th and 20th centuries. Only the tower hill in Althegnenberg on the eastern side of the Lech has survived to this day. The earthworks of the high moths on the edge of the valleys or hill spurs in the terrain can be traced far more numerous ( Burgstall Kissing , Kalvarienberg Schwabegg, etc.). These complexes often emerged as successor castles to the original residences in the valley, which, by their location, documented the formerly unfree origin of their residents.

The Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation lists the ground monument as a medieval castle stable under monument number D 7-7730-0038.


  • Walter Pötzl, Wolfgang Wüst (ed.): Bobingen and its history - Bobingen, Straßberg, Reinhartshausen, Burgwalden, Waldberg, Kreuzanger . Bobingen 1994, ISBN 3-930749-00-9 .
  • Hans Peter Uenze: Pre and early history in the district of Schwabmünchen . Kallmünz 1971.
  • Wilhelm Neu, Frank Otten: Schwabmünchen district (Bavarian art monuments XXVI, brief inventory). Munich 1967.

Individual evidence

  1. Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation: Entry ( Memento from March 4, 2016 in the Internet Archive )