|Alternative name (s):||Castle Hill|
|Creation time :||First mentioned in 1099|
|Castle type :||Höhenburg, location, moth|
|Conservation status:||Burgstall, castle hill|
|Standing position :||Noble|
The Burgstall Walkertshofen , also called Burgberg , is about 50 meters above the Neufnachtal in the municipality of Walkertshofen in the Augsburg district ( Altlandkreis Schwabmünchen ) in Swabia . From the high medieval motte (Motte) are still traces of the terrain have Vorburg and Erdkegel the main castle received.
The fortress over the town of Walkertshofen was the residence of the local noble family "de Waltgershoven" in the High Middle Ages . Oudalrich and Witegou de Waltgershoven were the first names to appear in a written source in 1099.
Around 1350 the rule went to the lords of Augsburg . In 1390 Ulrich's widow of Augsburg sold the castle to the Augsburg cathedral chapter . As a result, the cathedral chapter acquired the entire property in Walkertshofen by 1492 . The hilltop castle was probably abandoned in the 15th century and began to deteriorate.
The large residence was built on the western edge of a striking ridge (approx. 577 meters above sea level) east of the town, which was probably founded in the 9th century. In the north and west, the steep slopes protect the Burgplatz. The rectangular main castle cone (approx. 27 × 15 m) rises directly above the very steep western slope and is separated from the ridge by an arched neck ditch up to five meters deep . The plateau of the main castle is two to four meters above the outer castle area.
Despite the rectangular core castle, the complex can be classified as a special form of a tower hill castle . A few more examples and modifications of this classic high medieval castle type have been preserved in the immediate vicinity ( Burgstall Schlösslesberg , Burg Zusameck , Burgställe Gabelbach, etc.).
The main castle was preceded by a spacious semicircular outer castle, of which only a 40 meter long moat section has survived in the east. In 1970 the site was topographically recorded (H. Kennerknecht, Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation ). The semicircular course of the outer bailey reinforcement (approx. 150 × 100 m) is well documented on this plan. However, the design of the northeast corner, which was on a knoll that has been leveled today, remains unclear.
To the north of the main castle cone, ramparts indicate a gate security. Another castle driveway seems to have led to the outer bailey in the south.
- Horst Gutmann, Wilhelm Ruckdeschel, Otto Schneider (among others): Archaeological walks around Augsburg . (Guide to archaeological monuments in Swabia, 1). Stuttgart 1977, ISBN 3-8062-0185-4 .
- Wilhelm Neu, Frank Otten: Schwabmünchen district (Bavarian art monuments XXVI, brief inventory). Munich 1967.
- Hans Peter Uenze: Pre and early history in the district of Schwabmünchen . Kallmünz 1971.
see: Gutmann, Ruckdeschel, Schneider: Archaeological walks around Augsburg , p. 62