Bruderhof castle stable (Scherstetten)
|Bruderhof castle stables|
|Creation time :||13th Century|
|Castle type :||Hill castle, moth|
|Conservation status:||Burgstall, remains of a wall|
|Standing position :||Ministerialenburg|
The castle stable Bruderhof is located about 700 meters southeast of the parish church of Scherstetten ( Augsburg district , Bavarian Swabia ) on a hill above the Schmuttertal . The high medieval tower hill castle (Motte) is built into an extensive section fortification, of which some parts of the moat system have survived.
The tower hill was the residence of a family of servants from the diocese of Augsburg , which first appeared in written sources around 1250. The last documented mention of this family "von Scherstetten" comes from the year 1370.
The "Bruderhof", located about ten meters below the main castle cone , goes back to the former farm or building yard of the fortress . Around 1640 ( Thirty Years' War ) the farm was referred to as “a wasteland, from which everyone died”.
In 1933 a residential building was built on the castle plateau, which is completely on private property and is not open to the public. In some cases freely accessible and easy to follow in the area, however, are the remains of the probably older section fortifications in the approach to the tower hill castle. This weir system has not yet been examined in more detail archaeologically , so that we can only speculate about the time of the visible earthworks .
The tower hill (approx. 615 meters above sea level), which rises about 55 meters above the valley, is surrounded by a ditch about five to eight meters deep . At the southern and western edges of the ditch, remnants of ramparts can be identified or documented.
The castle plateau, which has recently been changed by the construction of houses, measures approx. 20 × 25 meters. In the north-west of the ring trench , a hollow connects the main castle with the former building or service yard about 10 meters below. The area of this outer bailey was carved out of the slope and changed through agricultural use.
About 250 meters east of the high medieval castle a low wall-ditch system can be seen at the edge of the forest. A wide outer trench is in front of the rampart, which is only up to 2.5 meters high. The rampart begins about 35 meters after the southern edge of the slope and turns at right angles to the west after about 200 meters. This rampart is only around 35 meters long and flows into a deep erosion channel .
The Bavarian State Office for the Preservation of Monuments lists the ground monument as a medieval tower hill and section fortification of an unknown period under the monument number D 7-7829-0038.
- Otto Schneider: Tower hill and section fortification in the »Schlossberg« corridor at the Bruderhof near Scherstetten . In: Hermann Endrös (Hrsg.): Guide to archaeological monuments in Swabia, Volume 1: Archaeological walks around Augsburg . Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart and Aalen 1977, ISBN 3-8062-0185-4 , pp. 60-61.
- Hans Peter Uenze: Pre and early history in the district of Schwabmünchen . (Catalogs of the Prehistoric State Collection Munich, 14). Kallmünz 1971.
- Wilhelm Neu, Frank Otten: District of Augsburg . (Bayerische Kunstdenkmale XXVI, short inventory). Munich 1967.