|Creation time :||around 1100|
|Castle type :||Höhenburg, hillside location|
|Conservation status:||Burgstall, earthworks|
|Standing position :||Ministerialenburg|
The high medieval castle stables Hammel is located above the Neusäßer district Hammel in the Augsburg district in Bavarian Swabia . The earthworks of the extensive castle complex can still be easily followed in the area.
The "Hammelberg" on the edge of today's Augsburg-Westliche Wälder nature reserve was already used as a settlement during the Bronze Age (archaeological finds). An early Bronze Age full-grip dagger was recovered from the Schmutter below the castle hill. Other finds document the continued existence of the settlement from Hallstatt - and Latène - into the Roman Empire . To the north of the settlement there is another castle stable on the "Loderberg", which was largely destroyed in the 20th century when an elevated water tank was built.
In the 11th and 12th centuries the hill a castle was a knight sex called "de Hamel" which probably in the service was the Bishop of Augsburg. The fiefdom fell back to the diocese by the middle of the 12th century. Around 1154 the Augustinian Canons of Muttershofen relocated their monastery to the hill for a short time, but moved to Heilig-Kreuz in Donauwörth as early as 1167 . Burgplatz has been deserted since then. In the 19th century, a burial place for the von Stetten family was set up on the plateau of the main castle. This family has lived in the castle below the castle stables since the early 18th century .
The Hammelburg lies on a free-standing, now wooded hill above the village. The plant is about 230 meters long. In the south, the cone of the main castle is separated from the outer bailey by a ditch and protected by a three-sided flank wall. To the east below is another rampart on a stepped terrain.
On the bailey plateau, a large, square pit indicates the location of a building. In the north and west ditches can be seen, the western one is in front of a wall. Inside there is a discontinuous, angular trench.
The Bavarian State Office for Monument Preservation lists the ground monument as a settlement from the Bronze, Hallstatt and Latène ages and a medieval castle stables under monument number D 7-7530-0056.
- Wilhelm Neu, Frank Otten: District of Augsburg (Bavarian art monuments, short inventory XXX). Munich 1970.
- Otto Schneider: Burgstall on the Hammelberg ("Hamelberg") . In: Hermann Endrös (Hrsg.): Guide to archaeological monuments in Swabia, Volume 1: Archaeological walks around Augsburg . Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart and Aalen 1977, ISBN 3-8062-0185-4 , pp. 116-118.
- see: Otto Schneider, p. 117